【.Net码农】【MVC】如何搭建MVC + EF 框架

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_3d25ef340101aozv.html





1、搭建MVC框架

   1.1 VS2010:需要安装安装WPI 安装 ASP.NET MVC 4 Visual Studio 2010 系统必备组件

   如果上述链接无法打开,请访问:http://www.asp.net/mvc/tutorials/mvc-4/getting-started-with-aspnet-mvc4/intro-to-aspnet-mvc-4

   如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架



    如果VS2010 创建Web项目时,出现ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Application ,说明组件安装成功。

 

   1.2 VS2012:无需安装任何组件

  

2、搭建EF框架

   2.1 创建一个数据库OumindBlog

   如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架 

USE [OumindBlog]
GO

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Enumeration](
 [e_id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 [e_ename] [varchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [e_cname] [varchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [e_type] [varchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [e_remark] [varchar](200) NOT NULL,
 [e_addtime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 [e_delflag] [bit] NOT NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_enumeration] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
 [e_id] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON,  ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'枚举表id' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'Enumeration', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'e_id'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'枚举英文名' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'Enumeration', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'e_ename'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'枚举中文名' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'Enumeration', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'e_cname'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'父枚举id' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'Enumeration', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'e_type'
GO

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[BlogUser](
 [Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 [LoginName] [nvarchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [LoginPwd] [char](32) NOT NULL,
 [CnName] [nvarchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [Email] [nvarchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [IsLock] [int] NOT NULL,
 [IsDel] [bit] NOT NULL,
 [AddTime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 [LastLoginTime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_BlogUser] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
 [Id] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON,  ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'用户表主键ID' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Id'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'登录名' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'LoginName'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'密码(md5_取16位)' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'LoginPwd'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'中文名' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'CnName'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'邮件地址' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Email'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'锁定标志' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'IsLock'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'删除标志' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'IsDel'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'新增时间' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AddTime'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'最后登录时间' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogUser', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'LastLoginTime'
GO

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate](
 [Id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 [Author] [int] NOT NULL,
 [Name] [nvarchar](50) NOT NULL,
 [Remark] [nvarchar](200) NULL,
 [Statu] [int] NOT NULL,
 [IsDel] [bit] NOT NULL,
 [Addtime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_blog_article_cate] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
 [Id] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON,  ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'文章类别表' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Id'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'作者id' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Author'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'博客分类名称' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Name'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'博客分类介绍' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Remark'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'状态 1-公开2-隐藏3-好友公开' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Statu'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'删除标志' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'IsDel'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'新增时间' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticleCate', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'Addtime'
GO

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle](
 [AId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 [ACate] [int] NOT NULL,
 [AAuthor] [int] NOT NULL,
 [ATitle] [nvarchar](100) NOT NULL,
 [AContent] [ntext] NOT NULL,
 [AImgsrc] [nvarchar](200) NULL,
 [APlnum] [int] NOT NULL,
 [AAllowPL] [bit] NOT NULL,
 [AIsTop] [bit] NOT NULL,
 [ATag] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
 [ACick] [int] NOT NULL,
 [AStatu] [int] NOT NULL,
 [AAddtime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 [AUpdatetime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
 [AIsDel] [bit] NOT NULL,
 [AHtmlSrc] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_blog_article] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
(
 [AId] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON,  ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY] TEXTIMAGE_ON [PRIMARY]
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'文章表ID' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AId'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'所属类别' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'ACate'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'作者' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AAuthor'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'标题' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'ATitle'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'文章内容' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AContent'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'评论数' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'APlnum'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'是否允许评论' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AAllowPL'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'是否置顶' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AIsTop'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'文章标签' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'ATag'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'点击次数' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'ACick'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'状态 1-公开2-隐藏3-好友公开' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AStatu'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'创建时间' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AAddtime'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'最后修改时间' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AUpdatetime'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'删除标志' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AIsDel'
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty @name=N'MS_Description', @value=N'用来保存这篇文章的静态页面地址' , @level0type=N'SCHEMA',@level0name=N'dbo', @level1type=N'TABLE',@level1name=N'BlogArticle', @level2type=N'COLUMN',@level2name=N'AHtmlSrc'
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogArticle_APlnum]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [APlnum]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_AllowPL]  DEFAULT ((1)) FOR [AAllowPL]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_IsTop]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [AIsTop]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogArticle_ACick]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [ACick]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_Satu]  DEFAULT ((2)) FOR [AStatu]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_Addtime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [AAddtime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogArticle_Updatetime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [AUpdatetime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_IsDel]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [AIsDel]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_cate_Statu]  DEFAULT ((1)) FOR [Statu]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_blog_article_cate_Delflag]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [IsDel]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogArticleCate_Addtime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [Addtime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogUser] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogUser_IsLock]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [IsLock]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogUser] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogUser_IsDel]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [IsDel]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogUser] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogUser_AddTime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [AddTime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogUser] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_BlogUser_LastLoginTime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [LastLoginTime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Enumeration] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_enumeration_e_addtime]  DEFAULT (getdate()) FOR [e_addtime]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Enumeration] ADD  CONSTRAINT [DF_enumeration_e_delflag]  DEFAULT ((0)) FOR [e_delflag]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_BlogArticleCate] FOREIGN KEY([ACate])
REFERENCES [dbo].[BlogArticleCate] ([Id])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_BlogArticleCate]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_BlogUser] FOREIGN KEY([AAuthor])
REFERENCES [dbo].[BlogUser] ([Id])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_BlogUser]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_Enumeration] FOREIGN KEY([AStatu])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Enumeration] ([e_id])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticle] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticle_Enumeration]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticleCate_BlogUser] FOREIGN KEY([Author])
REFERENCES [dbo].[BlogUser] ([Id])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[BlogArticleCate] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_BlogArticleCate_BlogUser]
GO

 

 

     

   2.2 用VS2010创建一个MVC程序

   如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

点击“确定”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

选择 “Empty”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

   2.3 创建OumindBlog.edmx文件

   路径:项目->添加新项

 

   如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

 

选择  数据 - ADO.NET 实体数据模型,然后把名称改为 OumindBlog

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

选中从数据库生成,点击下一步

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

把连接字符串名称改为 “BlogContext”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

在红框中打勾

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

发现View文件夹下多了一个OumindBlog.edmx 文件

   2.4 添加 EntityFrame 程序包

  路径 :项目 ->管理NuGet程序包

   如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

  

首先,需要从 NuGet 获取实体框架的最新版本。

  如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

点击“安装”


如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

  点击“我接受”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架
   

    安装已完成

 


如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

     如果EF程序包已安装,再次打开安装,可以看到程序包右上角有个绿色的对勾,说明程序包已安装。
 

 

 

   2.5 添加 EF 5.x DbContext Generator for C# 模板

  

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

在 EF 设计器中,右键单击模型上的空位置,选择“添加代码生成项...”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

选择“EF 5.x DbContext Generator for C#”,输入名称 OumindBlog,然后单击“添加”

 

从左侧菜单中选择“联机模板”,然后搜索“DbContext”

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架



 添加完后,View文件夹下多了两个文件,一个是OumindBlog.Context.tt,另一个是OumindBlog.tt。

 搭建EF框架需要三个文件和两个组件

  A、三个文件:OumindBlog.Context.tt、OumindBlog.tt 和 OumindBlog.edmx

  B、两个组件:EntityFrame程序包 和 EF 5.x DbContext Generator for C#

 

 

3、编写代码 

 3.1 在编写代码前,增加一个控制器HomeControllers(HomeController.cs)和一个View(Index.cshtml)

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

把红框中的勾去掉

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

3.2 打开HomeController.cs

    如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架



3.3 打开Views->Home->Index.cshtml
如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架
 

  

 

3.4 运行结果


如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 

在解决方案资源管理器中,选择MvcTest,点击“右键”,选中在浏览器中查看或者按快捷键 Ctrl + Shift + W

如何搭建MVC <wbr>+ <wbr>EF <wbr>框架

 


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