通俗易懂的Dubbo学习(一) dubbo服务者和消费者的简单案例

版权声明:版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Danny_idea/article/details/81605225

随着互联网的不断发展,系统应用的规模也在不断扩大,常规的垂直类型应用架构已经无法较好的应对,所以分布式服务架构以及流动计算机架构的趋势越来越明显。在这种大规模类型的服务化架构到来之前,可能只是通过rmi,hessian等工具来进行简单的服务引用的处理,但是当规模量逐渐提升之后,过多的服务也带来了一定的繁琐问题,例如说对于服务url的管理。

当不同服务的调用量逐渐提升之后,服务的容量问题也越来越不明确。
对于错综复杂的服务调度关系,越来越繁琐,不利于统筹管理。

基于上述的一些情况,dubbo服务架构开始横空出世,其基本架构如下所示:
这里写图片描述

说了这么多的背景介绍,我们还是直接用个案例来进行介绍会比较好:
首先需要在ide里面搭建好相应的maven结构:
这里写图片描述

然后导入相应的pom依赖:
dubbo-root:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
    <artifactId>dubbo-root</artifactId>
    <packaging>pom</packaging>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <modules>
        <module>dubbo-provide</module>
        <module>dubbo-api</module>
        <module>dubbo-consumer</module>
    </modules>
    <properties>
        <motan.version>0.3.0</motan.version>
        <!-- 在阿里巴巴内部广泛使用的GA版本为:2.4.9,强烈推荐此版本 -->
        <dubbo.version>2.5.3</dubbo.version>
        <dubbox.version>2.8.4</dubbox.version>
        <spring.version>4.3.6.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <java.version>1.7</java.version>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>dubbo</artifactId>
            <version>2.5.3</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                    <artifactId>spring</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.sgroschupf</groupId>
            <artifactId>zkclient</artifactId>
            <version>0.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- spring相关 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId>
            <version>1.6.11</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.6.11</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

</project>

provider:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>dubbo-root</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>dubbo-provide</artifactId>
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <artifactId>dubbo-api</artifactId>
            <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

</project>

consumer:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>dubbo-root</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>
    <artifactId>dubbo-consumer</artifactId>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <artifactId>dubbo-api</artifactId>
            <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

api:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>dubbo-root</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.sise</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>dubbo-api</artifactId>


</project>

这个案例的思路是,我们在api模块中编写rpc服务接口,在provider里面对服务进行实现,最后在consumer里面调用服务进行测试。

api里面的接口如下:

package com.sise.service;


/**
 * 作者:idea
 * 日期:2018/8/11
 * 描述:
 */
public interface UserRpcService {

    /**
     * 获取用户username的rpc服务
     * @param username
     * @return
     */
    String getUserName(String username) throws InterruptedException;
}

关于provider部分的接口实现内容如下所示:

package com.lh.pro.rpc;

import com.sise.service.UserRpcService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * 作者:idea
 * 日期:2018/8/11
 * 描述:用户service服务调度
 */
@Service("userService")
public class UserService implements UserRpcService{

    /**
     * 返回用户名的服务
     * @param username
     * @return
     */
    public String    getUserName(String username) throws InterruptedException {
        return username+" hello ! this is app222";
    }
}

provider模块里面的xml服务配置:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo
    http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd">

    <!-- 提供方应用信息,用于计算依赖关系 -->
    <dubbo:application name="dubbo_provider"  />

    <!-- 使用zookeeper注册中心暴露服务地址 -->
    <dubbo:registry address="zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181" />

    <dubbo:provider proxy="jdk" ></dubbo:provider>

    <!-- 用dubbo协议在20880端口暴露服务 -->
    <dubbo:protocol name="dubbo" port="20880" />

    <!--rpc服务,提供给外界调用-->
    <dubbo:service interface="com.sise.service.UserRpcService" ref="userService" >
        <!--设置超时时限500ms,当链接失败后只会再次访问2回-->
        <dubbo:method name="getUserName" timeout="500" retries="2"></dubbo:method>
    </dubbo:service>

    <!--<bean id="userService" class="com.lh.pro.rpc.UserService"></bean>-->
</beans>

spring配置:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd"
       default-autowire="byName">

    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy />
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.lh.pro" />
    <import resource="classpath:dubbo-provider.xml" />
</beans>

服务开关:

package com.lh.pro.server;

import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * 作者:idea
 * 日期:2018/8/11
 * 描述:provider开关
 */
public class Application {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]{"application-context.xml"});
        context.start();
        System.out.println("dubbo的服务生产者1开启了");
        //长期开启应用
        System.in.read();
    }
}

记得,开启dubbo之前需要开启zookeeper服务注册点,注册站点开启之后,所有在dubbo里面出现的服务都会被注册到这个位置上边。

开启服务提供者以后,窗口内容大致如下:
这里写图片描述

我们开启了dubbo里面的服务之后自然就可以开始对于服务的调度方consumer开始编写了。
consumer模块的xml配置如下所示:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd ">
    <!-- 消费方应用名,用于计算依赖关系,不是匹配条件,不要与提供方一样 -->
    <dubbo:application name="dubbo_consumer" />

    <!--关闭所有的服务时进行检查,当没有服务提供者的时候会报错-->
    <dubbo:consumer check="false"></dubbo:consumer>
    <!-- 使用multicast广播注册中心暴露发现服务地址 -->
    <dubbo:registry  protocol="zookeeper" address="zookeeper://127.0.0.1:2181" />
    <!-- 生成远程服务代理,可以和本地bean一样使用UserRpcService 其中的init配置是立即加载的含义,有点类似于饿汉式-->
    <dubbo:reference id="userService" interface="com.sise.service.UserRpcService" cluster="failsafe"   check="false" loadbalance="roundrobin">
    </dubbo:reference>
</beans>

spring容器配置:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd"
       default-autowire="byName">

    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy />
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.lh.consume" />
    <import resource="classpath:/dubbo-consume.xml" />
</beans>

consumer模块部分的代码如下所示:

package com.lh.consume;

import com.sise.service.UserRpcService;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * 作者:idea
 * 日期:2018/7/29
 * 描述:
 */
public class ConsumerTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context=new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]{"classpath:application-consumer.xml"});
        context.start();
        UserRpcService userService= (UserRpcService)context.getBean("userService");
        System.out.println(userService.getUserName("getUserName test"));
        try {
            System.in.read();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }
}

在这里面,服务的调用者会先去zookeeper里面查找是否有相应的userService这一项服务内容,如果有则会生成一个远程代理对象,在本地进行引用相应服务。

这个时候我们开启消费者进行调用:
这里写图片描述
好了,一个简单易懂的dubbo入门案例就这样完成了。

下面一章节,我们来讲解如何搭建dubbo的admin管理平台

展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页