# 第十二周上机实践项目 项目1-实现复数类中的运算符重载 (2)

【项目-实现复数类中的运算符重载】
（1）请用类的成员函数，定义复数类重载运算符+、-、*、/，使之能用于复数的加减乘除

class Complex
{
public:
Complex(){real=0;imag=0;}
Complex(double r,double i){real=r; imag=i;}
Complex operator+(const Complex &c2);
Complex operator-(const Complex &c2);
Complex operator*(const Complex &c2);
Complex operator/(const Complex &c2);
void display();
private:
double real;
double imag;
};
//下面定义成员函数

//下面定义用于测试的main()函数
int main()
{
Complex c1(3,4),c2(5,-10),c3;
cout<<"c1=";
c1.display();
cout<<"c2=";
c2.display();
c3=c1+c2;
cout<<"c1+c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1-c2;
cout<<"c1-c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1*c2;
cout<<"c1*c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1/c2;
cout<<"c1/c2=";
c3.display();
return 0;
}

（2）请用类的友元函数，而不是成员函数，再次完成上面提及的运算符的重载；

/*
All rights reserced
文件名称：test.cpp
作    者：蔡汝佳
完成日期：2016年6月2日
版 本 号：v1.0
问题描述：
输入描述：
程序输出：
*/

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
class Complex
{
public:
Complex(){real=0;imag=0;}
Complex(double r,double i){real=r; imag=i;}
friend Complex operator+(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2);
friend Complex operator-(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2);
friend Complex operator*(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2);
friend Complex operator/(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2);
void display();
private:
double real;
double imag;
};
//下面定义成员函数
Complex operator+(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2)
{
Complex c;
c.real=c1.real+c2.real;
c.imag=c1.imag+c2.imag;
return c;
}
Complex operator-(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2)
{
Complex c;
c.real=c1.real-c2.real;
c.imag=c1.imag-c2.imag;
return c;
}
Complex operator*(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2)
{
Complex c;
c.real=c1.real*c2.real-c1.imag*c2.imag;
c.imag=c1.imag*c2.real+c1.real*c2.imag;
return c;
}
Complex operator/(const Complex &c1,const Complex &c2)
{
Complex c;
c.real=(c1.real*c2.real+c1.imag*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
c.imag=(c1.imag*c2.real-c1.real*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
return c;
}

void Complex::display()
{
cout<<"("<<real<<","<<imag<<")"<<endl;
}
//下面定义用于测试的main()函数
int main()
{
Complex c1(3,4),c2(5,-10),c3;
cout<<"c1=";
c1.display();
cout<<"c2=";
c2.display();
c3=c1+c2;
cout<<"c1+c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1-c2;
cout<<"c1-c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1*c2;
cout<<"c1*c2=";
c3.display();
c3=c1/c2;
cout<<"c1/c2=";
c3.display();
return 0;
}


//复数相加： (a+bi)+(c+di)=(a+c)+(b+d)i.

//复数相减：(a+bi)-(c+di)=(a-c)+(b-d)i.