动手用JAVA做个小游戏--贪吃蛇

转眼在大学蹲了快三个春秋,在这几年里我可谓是经历过了大学的“风风雨雨”,逃课、泡女、通宵打机......种种的种种!还有一年就毕业了,回首过去,说实在的还真有点后悔,毕竟看到别人被大公司提前录用而自己还在碌碌无为大哭在此我想给那些刚进大学的朋友一个忠告:大学真的真的不是给你来玩的,高中老师说的话都是骗你的,真正能学到的生存技能都在大学里面获得的,大学这几年并没有你想像的那么长,稍纵即逝的,好好珍惜吧!

好吧,唠叨就发到这,下面进入主题:

之所以用JAVA来写是因为JAVA是一门典型的面向对象语言并且其能跨平台执行这点对游戏来说是最大的优势。(其实最主要的原因是我准备期末考试了,想温习一下)。

下面我们就开始吧!

首先来创建一个环境窗口即给贪吃蛇活动的院子:

<pre name="code" class="java"><pre name="code" class="java">package snake;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Frame;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.event.KeyAdapter;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.awt.event.WindowAdapter;
import java.awt.event.WindowEvent;

public class Yard extends javax.swing.JFrame {

    String player;
    PaintThread paintThread = new PaintThread();
    private boolean gameOver = false;
    public static final int ROWS = 30;
    public static final int COLS = 30;
    public static final int BLOCK_SIZE = 15;

    private final Font fontGameOver = new Font("宋体", Font.BOLD, 50);
    private final Font fontPlayer = new Font("宋体", Font.BOLD, 20);
    private int score = 0;

    Snake s = new Snake(this);
    Egg e = new Egg();

    Image offScreenImage = null;

    public Yard(String player) {
        this.player = player;
    }

    Yard() {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet."); //To change body of generated methods, choose Tools | Templates.
    }

    public void launch() {
        this.setLocation(200, 200);
        this.setSize(COLS * BLOCK_SIZE, ROWS * BLOCK_SIZE);
        this.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {

            @Override
            public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
                System.exit(0);
            }
        });
        this.setVisible(true);
        this.addKeyListener(new KeyMonitor());
        new Thread(paintThread).start();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
//		new Yard().launch();
    }

    public void stop() {
        gameOver = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void paint(Graphics g) {
        Color c = g.getColor();
        g.setColor(Color.GREEN);
        g.fillRect(0, 0, COLS * BLOCK_SIZE, ROWS * BLOCK_SIZE);
        g.setColor(Color.GREEN);
        for (int i = 1; i < ROWS; i++) {
            g.drawLine(0, BLOCK_SIZE * i, COLS * BLOCK_SIZE, BLOCK_SIZE * i);
        }
        for (int i = 1; i < COLS; i++) {
            g.drawLine(BLOCK_SIZE * i, 0, BLOCK_SIZE * i, BLOCK_SIZE * ROWS);
        }

        g.setColor(Color.blue);
        g.setFont(fontPlayer);
        g.drawString("score:" + score, 10, 60);
        g.drawString(player, 10, 50);
        if (gameOver) {
//			g.setFont(fontGameOver);
//			g.drawString("游戏结束", 120, 180);
            paintThread.pause();
            XMLControl control = new XMLControl();
            String No1 = control.getOption("Score1");
            String No2 = control.getOption("Score2");
            String No3 = control.getOption("Score3");
            if (No3.length() != 0) {
                if (score > Integer.parseInt(No3)) {
                    if (score <= Integer.parseInt(No2)) {
                        control.ChangeOption("No3", player);
                        control.ChangeOption("Score3", String.valueOf(score));
                    } else if (score <= Integer.parseInt(No1)) {
                        control.ChangeOption("No2", player);
                        control.ChangeOption("Score2", String.valueOf(score));
                    } else {
                        control.ChangeOption("No1", player);
                        control.ChangeOption("Score1", String.valueOf(score));
                    }
                }
            } else if (No2.length() != 0) {
                if (score <= Integer.parseInt(No2)) {
                    control.ChangeOption("No3", player);
                    control.ChangeOption("Score3", String.valueOf(score));
                } else if (score <= Integer.parseInt(No1)) {
                    control.ChangeOption("No2", player);
                    control.ChangeOption("Score2", String.valueOf(score));
                } else {
                    control.ChangeOption("No1", player);
                    control.ChangeOption("Score1", String.valueOf(score));
                }
            }else if(No1.length() != 0){
                if(score <= Integer.parseInt(No1)){
                    control.ChangeOption("No2", player);
                    control.ChangeOption("Score2", String.valueOf(score));
                }else{
                    control.ChangeOption("No1", player);
                    control.ChangeOption("Score1", String.valueOf(score));
                }
            }else{
                control.ChangeOption("No1", player);
                control.ChangeOption("Score1", String.valueOf(score));
            }
            new GameOver();
            dispose();
        }

        g.setColor(c);

        s.eat(e);
        e.draw(g);
        s.draw(g);
    }

    @Override
    public void update(Graphics g) {
        if (offScreenImage == null) {
            offScreenImage = this.createImage(COLS * BLOCK_SIZE, ROWS * BLOCK_SIZE);
        }
        Graphics gOff = offScreenImage.getGraphics();
        paint(gOff);
        g.drawImage(offScreenImage, 0, 0, null);
    }

    private void setColor(Color blue) {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet."); //To change body of generated methods, choose Tools | Templates.
    }

    private class PaintThread implements Runnable {

        private boolean running = true;
        private boolean pause = false;

        public void run() {
            while (running) {
                if (pause) {
                    continue;
                } else {
                    repaint();
                }

                try {
                    Thread.sleep(100);
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }

        public void pause() {
            this.pause = true;
        }

        public void start() {
            this.pause = false;
        }

        public void reStart() {
            this.pause = false;
            s = new Snake(Yard.this);
            gameOver = false;
        }

        public void gameOver() {
            running = false;
        }

    }

    private class KeyMonitor extends KeyAdapter {

        @Override
        public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
            int key = e.getKeyCode();
            if (key == KeyEvent.VK_F2) {
                paintThread.start();
            } else if (key == KeyEvent.VK_F1) {
                paintThread.pause();
            } else if (key == KeyEvent.VK_F3) {
                paintThread.reStart();
            }
            s.keyPressed(e);
        }

    }

    public int getScore() {
        return score;
    }

    public void setScore(int score) {
        this.score = score;
    }

}




package snake;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Rectangle;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;

public class Snake {
	private Node head = null;
	private Node tail = null;
	private int size = 0;
	private Node n = new Node(20, 30, Dir.L);
	private Yard y;
	
	public Snake(Yard y) {
		head = n;
		tail = n;
		size = 1;
		this.y = y;
	}
	
	public void addToTail() {
		Node node = null;
		switch(tail.dir) {
		case L :
			node = new Node(tail.row, tail.col + 1, tail.dir);
			break;
		case U :
			node = new Node(tail.row + 1, tail.col, tail.dir);
			break;
		case R :
			node = new Node(tail.row, tail.col - 1, tail.dir);
			break;
		case D :
			node = new Node(tail.row - 1, tail.col, tail.dir);
			break;
		}
		tail.next = node;
		node.prev = tail;
		tail = node;
		size ++;
	}
	
	public void addToHead() {
		Node node = null;
		switch(head.dir) {
		case L :
			node = new Node(head.row, head.col - 1, head.dir);
			break;
		case U :
			node = new Node(head.row - 1, head.col, head.dir);
			break;
		case R :
			node = new Node(head.row, head.col + 1, head.dir);
			break;
		case D :
			node = new Node(head.row + 1, head.col, head.dir);
			break;
		}
		node.next = head;
		head.prev = node;
		head = node;
		size ++;
	}
	
	public void draw(Graphics g) {
		if(size <= 0) return;
		move();
		for(Node n = head; n != null; n = n.next) {
			n.draw(g);
		}
	}
	
	private void move() {
		addToHead();
		deleteFromTail();
		checkDead();
	}

	private void checkDead() {
		if(head.row < 2 || head.col < 0 || head.row > Yard.ROWS || head.col > Yard.COLS)  {
			y.stop();
		}
		
		for(Node n = head.next; n != null; n = n.next) {
			if(head.row == n.row && head.col == n.col) {
				y.stop();
			}
		}
	}

	private void deleteFromTail() {
		if(size == 0) return;
		tail = tail.prev;
		tail.next = null;
		
	}

	private class Node {
		int w = Yard.BLOCK_SIZE;
		int h = Yard.BLOCK_SIZE;
		int row , col;
		Dir dir = Dir.L;
		Node next = null;
		Node prev = null;
		
		Node(int row, int col, Dir dir) {
			this.row = row;
			this.col = col;
			this.dir = dir;
		}
		
		void draw(Graphics g) {
			Color c = g.getColor();
			g.setColor(Color.ORANGE);
			g.fillRect(Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * col, Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * row, w, h);
			g.setColor(c);
		}
	}
	
	public void eat(Egg e) {
		if(this.getRect().intersects(e.getRect())) {
			e.reAppear();
			this.addToHead();
			y.setScore(y.getScore() + 1);
		}
	}
	
	private Rectangle getRect() {
		return new Rectangle(Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * head.col, Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * head.row, head.w, head.h);
	}
	
	public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
		int key = e.getKeyCode();
		switch(key) {
		case KeyEvent.VK_LEFT :
			if(head.dir != Dir.R)
				head.dir = Dir.L;
			break;
		case KeyEvent.VK_UP :
			if(head.dir != Dir.D)
				head.dir = Dir.U;
			break;
		case KeyEvent.VK_RIGHT :
			if(head.dir != Dir.L)
				head.dir = Dir.R;
			break;
		case KeyEvent.VK_DOWN :
			if(head.dir != Dir.U)
				head.dir = Dir.D;
			break;
		}
	}
}


package snake;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Rectangle;
import java.util.Random;


public class Egg {
	int row, col;
	int w = Yard.BLOCK_SIZE;
	int h = Yard.BLOCK_SIZE;
	private static Random r = new Random();
	private Color color = Color.BLUE;

	public Egg(int row, int col) {
		this.row = row;
		this.col = col;
	}
	
	public Egg() {
		this(r.nextInt(Yard.ROWS-2) + 2, r.nextInt(Yard.COLS));
	}
	
	public void reAppear() {
		this.row = r.nextInt(Yard.ROWS-2) + 2;
		this.col = r.nextInt(Yard.COLS);
	}
	
	public Rectangle getRect() {
		return new Rectangle(Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * col, Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * row, w, h);
	}
	
	public void draw(Graphics g) {
		Color c = g.getColor();
		g.setColor(color);
		g.fillOval(Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * col, Yard.BLOCK_SIZE * row, w, h);
		g.setColor(c);
		if(color == Color.BLUE) color = Color.RED;
		else color = Color.BLUE;
	}

	public int getCol() {
		return col;
	}

	public void setCol(int col) {
		this.col = col;
	}

	public int getRow() {
		return row;
	}

	public void setRow(int row) {
		this.row = row;
	}
	
}


最后还建两个窗体,一个游戏开始界面,一个游戏结束界面,其中开始界面包含了用户名录入,并将其传递给主游戏以及结束界面,而结束界面则实现分数的统计和排名

package snake;

import java.awt.Dimension;
import java.awt.Rectangle;
import java.awt.event.MouseAdapter;
import java.awt.event.MouseEvent;
import java.awt.event.MouseMotionAdapter;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import snake.XMLControl;
import snake.Yard;

	

public class snakeFrame extends javax.swing.JFrame {

    private int xOld;
    private int yOld;
    /**
     * 新建表框 snakeFrame
     */
    public snakeFrame() {
        initMove();
        setUndecorated(true);
        initComponents();
        content.setText(" 游戏说明:\n"
                + "    欢迎进入本游戏,本游戏是以传统贪吃蛇\n"
                + " 为游戏背景,游戏动感好,有一定的可玩性。\n"
                +" 操作为通过键盘上的上下左右键来操纵小蛇。\n"
                + "                     最后祝游戏愉快!!");
        Dimension dim = getToolkit().getScreenSize();
        Rectangle abounds = getBounds();
        setLocation((dim.width - abounds.width) / 2, (dim.height - abounds.height) / 2);
        setVisible(true);
        new XMLControl();
    }

     //初始化鼠标移动
    final void initMove() {
        this.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
                xOld = e.getX();
                yOld = e.getY();
            }
        });
        this.addMouseMotionListener(new MouseMotionAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void mouseDragged(MouseEvent e) {
                int xOnScreen = e.getXOnScreen();
                int yOnScreen = e.getYOnScreen();
                int xx = xOnScreen - xOld;
                int yy = yOnScreen - yOld;
                setLocation(xx, yy);
            }
        });
        
    }
   
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Generated Code">                          
    private void initComponents() {

        jPanel1 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jButton1 = new javax.swing.JButton();
        jPanel2 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jPanel3 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jLabel1 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        player = new javax.swing.JTextField();
        jScrollPane1 = new javax.swing.JScrollPane();
        content = new javax.swing.JTextArea();
        OK_bt = new javax.swing.JButton();
        jLabel5 = new javax.swing.JLabel();

        setDefaultCloseOperation(javax.swing.WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);

        jPanel1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(153, 0, 0));

        jButton1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 51, 0));
        jButton1.setText("X");
        jButton1.setBorder(javax.swing.BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(1, 1, 1, 1));
        jButton1.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
                jButton1ActionPerformed(evt);
            }
        });

        jPanel2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 51, 102));
        jPanel2.setBorder(javax.swing.BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(1, 1, 1, 1));

        jPanel3.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 204, 255));
        jPanel3.setBorder(new javax.swing.border.LineBorder(new java.awt.Color(204, 204, 204), 3, true));

        jLabel1.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 0, 24)); // NOI18N
        jLabel1.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        jLabel1.setText("玩家:");
        jLabel1.setToolTipText("");

        player.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 0, 24)); // NOI18N
        player.setBorder(javax.swing.BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(1, 1, 1, 1));

        content.setEditable(false);
        content.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 204, 204));
        content.setColumns(20);
        content.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 0, 14)); // NOI18N
        content.setRows(5);
        jScrollPane1.setViewportView(content);

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel3Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel3);
        jPanel3.setLayout(jPanel3Layout);
        jPanel3Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
                    .addComponent(jScrollPane1)
                    .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                        .addComponent(jLabel1)
                        .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                        .addComponent(player)))
                .addContainerGap())
        );
        jPanel3Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jScrollPane1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, 121, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.BASELINE)
                    .addComponent(jLabel1)
                    .addComponent(player, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE))
                .addContainerGap())
        );

        OK_bt.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 204, 51));
        OK_bt.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(0, 153, 153));
        OK_bt.setText("确定");
        OK_bt.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
                OK_btActionPerformed(evt);
            }
        });

        jLabel5.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 255));
        jLabel5.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 1, 24)); // NOI18N
        jLabel5.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 0));
        jLabel5.setText("开 始 游 戏");

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel2Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel2);
        jPanel2.setLayout(jPanel2Layout);
        jPanel2Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addGroup(jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
                    .addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                    .addGroup(jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                        .addGap(0, 0, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                        .addComponent(OK_bt, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 79, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)))
                .addContainerGap())
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap(98, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addComponent(jLabel5)
                .addGap(93, 93, 93))
        );
        jPanel2Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jLabel5)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addComponent(OK_bt, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 33, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE))
        );

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel1Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel1);
        jPanel1.setLayout(jPanel1Layout);
        jPanel1Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addGap(0, 0, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addComponent(jButton1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 45, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE))
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addContainerGap())
        );
        jPanel1Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addComponent(jButton1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, 25, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addContainerGap())
        );

        javax.swing.GroupLayout layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(getContentPane());
        getContentPane().setLayout(layout);
        layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
        );
        layout.setVerticalGroup(
            layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
        );

        pack();
    }// </editor-fold>                        

    private void jButton1ActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {                                         
        // TODO add your handling code here:
        System.exit(0);
    }                                        

    @SuppressWarnings("empty-statement")
    private void OK_btActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {                                      
        // TODO add your handling code here:
        String play = player.getText();
        if(play.length() != 0){
            new Yard(play).launch();
            dispose();
        }else{
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(this, "请先输入玩家再开始游戏!!", "提示!", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
        }
    }                                     

    /**
     * @param args the command line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        /* Set the Nimbus look and feel */
        //<editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc=" Look and feel setting code (optional) ">
        /* If Nimbus (introduced in Java SE 6) is not available, stay with the default look and feel.
         * For details see http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/uiswing/lookandfeel/plaf.html 
         */
        try {
            for (javax.swing.UIManager.LookAndFeelInfo info : javax.swing.UIManager.getInstalledLookAndFeels()) {
                if ("Nimbus".equals(info.getName())) {
                    javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(info.getClassName());
                    break;
                }
            }
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(snakeFrame.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (InstantiationException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(snakeFrame.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(snakeFrame.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (javax.swing.UnsupportedLookAndFeelException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(snakeFrame.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
        //</editor-fold>

        /* Create and display the form */
        java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                new snakeFrame().setVisible(true);
            }
        });
    }

package snake;

import java.awt.Dimension;
import java.awt.Rectangle;
import java.awt.event.MouseAdapter;
import java.awt.event.MouseEvent;
import java.awt.event.MouseMotionAdapter;


public class GameOver extends javax.swing.JFrame {

    private int xOld;
    private int yOld;
    private String play;
    
    public GameOver() {
        initMove();
        setUndecorated(true);
        initComponents();
        Dimension dim = getToolkit().getScreenSize();
        Rectangle abounds = getBounds();
        setLocation((dim.width - abounds.width) / 2, (dim.height - abounds.height) / 2);
        setVisible(true);
        XMLControl control = new XMLControl();
        no1.setText(control.getOption("No1") + ":" + control.getOption("Score1")); 
        no2.setText(control.getOption("No2") + ":" + control.getOption("Score2")); 
        no3.setText(control.getOption("No3") + ":" + control.getOption("Score3")); 
    }

     //初始化鼠标移动
    final void initMove() {
        this.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
                xOld = e.getX();
                yOld = e.getY();
            }
        });
        this.addMouseMotionListener(new MouseMotionAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void mouseDragged(MouseEvent e) {
                int xOnScreen = e.getXOnScreen();
                int yOnScreen = e.getYOnScreen();
                int xx = xOnScreen - xOld;
                int yy = yOnScreen - yOld;
                setLocation(xx, yy);
            }
        });
        
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Generated Code">                          
    private void initComponents() {

        jButton2 = new javax.swing.JButton();
        jPanel1 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jButton1 = new javax.swing.JButton();
        jPanel2 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jLabel1 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        jPanel3 = new javax.swing.JPanel();
        jLabel2 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        no1 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        no2 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        no3 = new javax.swing.JLabel();
        jButton3 = new javax.swing.JButton();

        jButton2.setText("jButton2");

        setDefaultCloseOperation(javax.swing.WindowConstants.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);

        jPanel1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(153, 153, 153));

        jButton1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 51, 51));
        jButton1.setText("X");
        jButton1.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
                jButton1ActionPerformed(evt);
            }
        });

        jPanel2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 204));

        jLabel1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(0, 255, 153));
        jLabel1.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 1, 36)); // NOI18N
        jLabel1.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 102));
        jLabel1.setHorizontalAlignment(javax.swing.SwingConstants.CENTER);
        jLabel1.setText("游 戏 结 束");

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel2Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel2);
        jPanel2.setLayout(jPanel2Layout);
        jPanel2Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jLabel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, 265, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addContainerGap())
        );
        jPanel2Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel2Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel2Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jLabel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, 70, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addContainerGap())
        );

        jPanel3.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 255, 204));

        jLabel2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        jLabel2.setFont(new java.awt.Font("宋体", 1, 14)); // NOI18N
        jLabel2.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        jLabel2.setText("排行榜:");

        no1.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        no1.setFont(new java.awt.Font("微软雅黑", 0, 14)); // NOI18N

        no2.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        no2.setFont(new java.awt.Font("微软雅黑", 0, 14)); // NOI18N

        no3.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(102, 102, 0));
        no3.setFont(new java.awt.Font("微软雅黑", 0, 14)); // NOI18N

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel3Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel3);
        jPanel3.setLayout(jPanel3Layout);
        jPanel3Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addComponent(jLabel2)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
                    .addComponent(no2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                    .addComponent(no1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                    .addComponent(no3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE))
                .addContainerGap())
        );
        jPanel3Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addGroup(jPanel3Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.BASELINE)
                    .addComponent(jLabel2)
                    .addComponent(no1))
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.UNRELATED)
                .addComponent(no2)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.UNRELATED)
                .addComponent(no3)
                .addContainerGap(61, Short.MAX_VALUE))
        );

        jButton3.setBackground(new java.awt.Color(255, 102, 0));
        jButton3.setForeground(new java.awt.Color(0, 153, 153));
        jButton3.setText("再来");
        jButton3.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
            public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {
                jButton3ActionPerformed(evt);
            }
        });

        javax.swing.GroupLayout jPanel1Layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(jPanel1);
        jPanel1.setLayout(jPanel1Layout);
        jPanel1Layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addGap(0, 0, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addComponent(jButton1))
            .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addContainerGap()
                .addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
                    .addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                    .addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                    .addGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.TRAILING, jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                        .addGap(0, 0, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                        .addComponent(jButton3)))
                .addContainerGap())
        );
        jPanel1Layout.setVerticalGroup(
            jPanel1Layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addGroup(jPanel1Layout.createSequentialGroup()
                .addComponent(jButton1)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addComponent(jPanel2, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.PREFERRED_SIZE)
                .addPreferredGap(javax.swing.LayoutStyle.ComponentPlacement.RELATED)
                .addComponent(jPanel3, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
                .addGap(18, 18, 18)
                .addComponent(jButton3)
                .addContainerGap())
        );

        javax.swing.GroupLayout layout = new javax.swing.GroupLayout(getContentPane());
        getContentPane().setLayout(layout);
        layout.setHorizontalGroup(
            layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
        );
        layout.setVerticalGroup(
            layout.createParallelGroup(javax.swing.GroupLayout.Alignment.LEADING)
            .addComponent(jPanel1, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, javax.swing.GroupLayout.DEFAULT_SIZE, Short.MAX_VALUE)
        );

        pack();
    }// </editor-fold>                        

    private void jButton1ActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {                                         
        
        System.exit(0);
        
    }                                        

    private void jButton3ActionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent evt) {                                         

     new snakeFrame();
        dispose();
    }                                        

    
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        //<editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc=" Look and feel setting code (optional) ">
        /* If Nimbus (introduced in Java SE 6) is not available, stay with the default look and feel.
         * For details see http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/uiswing/lookandfeel/plaf.html 
         */
        try {
            for (javax.swing.UIManager.LookAndFeelInfo info : javax.swing.UIManager.getInstalledLookAndFeels()) {
                if ("Nimbus".equals(info.getName())) {
                    javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(info.getClassName());
                    break;
                }
            }
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(GameOver.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (InstantiationException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(GameOver.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(GameOver.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (javax.swing.UnsupportedLookAndFeelException ex) {
            java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(GameOver.class.getName()).log(java.util.logging.Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
        //</editor-fold>

        
        java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {             
            }
        });
    }


到此游戏的各主要功能也已经基本实现了,有什么不足之处请大方指出,因为本人也是在学习阶段。有时间的朋友还可以对游戏进行美化,让其更带动感




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