利用UiAutomator写一个自动遍历渠道包关键功能的脚本

本人在做自动化测试的过程中,出现了一个需求。原因是,在发出去的渠道包里面,偶然一次有两个渠道包微博登录失败的bug,所以想着利用UiAutomator写了一个自动遍历每个渠道包的登录方式的脚本。经过尝试第一版终于完成,分享代码和思路,供大家参考。

思路:把所有渠道包放在一个apk的文件夹里面。写好代码打包成jar包,先push到手机中,然后再导出一个jar包,再这个包里用命令执行UiAutomator脚本。输出结果并保存日志在当前目录下。

下面是放在电脑上的jar包程序入口所在的类的代码:

package happyjuzi;

import java.io.File;
import source.Common;

public class Script extends Common {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Script script = new Script();
		script.testDemo();
	}

	public static Script getInstance() {
		return new Script();
	}

	public void testDemo() {
		String home = getWorkSpase();//获取当前路径
		output(home);
		File file = new File(home + "/apk");
		// File file = new File("/Users/dahaohaozai/Desktop" + "/apk");
		File[] file2 = file.listFiles();
		for (int i = 0; i < file2.length; i++) {
			File apk = file2[i];
			String path = apk.getAbsolutePath();
			for (int k = 0; k < 4; k++) {
				output(apk.getName(), i + 1);
				execCmd(ADB_PATH + "adb uninstall com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi");
				execCmd(ADB_PATH + "adb install " + path);
				execCmd(ADB_PATH + "adb shell uiautomator runtest demo.jar --nohup -c happyjuzi.AppTest#testTest" + k);
			}
		}
	}
}
下面是自己调试类的代码,暂且把需要运行的方法直接写在这里了,如果你也要写脚本,不建议这么做。

package happyjuzi;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.text.ParseException;
import com.android.uiautomator.core.UiObjectNotFoundException;
import android.os.RemoteException;
import source.UiAutomatorHelper;

@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public class AppTest extends AppCase {
	public static String jarName, testClass, testName, androidId;

	public static void main(String[] args)
			throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException, InterruptedException, IOException, ParseException {
		jarName = "demo";
		testClass = "happyjuzi.AppTest";
		testName = "testTest0";
		// Script.getInstance().testDemo();
		// PerformanceThread.getInstance().start();//启动线程
		new UiAutomatorHelper(jarName, testClass, testName);// 调试用例
		// PerformanceThread.key = false;//结束线程
	}

	public void testTest0() throws InterruptedException, IOException, UiObjectNotFoundException, RemoteException {
		startJuziApp();
		skipGuideage();
		login(0);
		checkIsLogin();
	}

	public void testTest1() throws InterruptedException, IOException, UiObjectNotFoundException, RemoteException {
		startJuziApp();
		skipGuideage();
		login(1);
		checkIsLogin();
	}

	public void testTest2() throws InterruptedException, IOException, UiObjectNotFoundException, RemoteException {
		startJuziApp();
		skipGuideage();
		login(2);
		checkIsLogin();
	}

	public void testTest3() throws InterruptedException, IOException, UiObjectNotFoundException, RemoteException {
		startJuziApp();
		skipGuideage();
		login(3);
		checkIsLogin();
	}
}
下面是这三个封装方法的代码:

/**
	 * 跳过引导页
	 * 
	 * @throws IOException
	 * @throws InterruptedException
	 * @throws UiObjectNotFoundException
	 */
	public void skipGuideage() throws IOException, InterruptedException, UiObjectNotFoundException {
		startJuziApp();
		waitForUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_skip");
		swipeLeft();
		swipeLeft();
		waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_start");
		sleep(5000);
		if (getUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/close").exists()) {
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/close");
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 登录
	 * 
	 * @param key
	 *            选择登录方式
	 * @throws UiObjectNotFoundException
	 */
	public void login(int key) throws UiObjectNotFoundException {
		switch (key) {
		case 0:
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_profile");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/avatar_default_view");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/wx_view");
			waitForUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/protrait_item_main");
			break;
		case 1:
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_profile");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/avatar_default_view");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/qq_view");
			sleep(5000);
			if (getUiObjectByResourceId("com.tencent.mobileqq:id/name").exists()) {
				clickPiont(500, 1820);
			}
			waitForUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/protrait_item_main");
			break;
		case 2:
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_profile");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/avatar_default_view");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/sina_view");
			sleep(5000);
			if (getUiObjectByResourceId("com.sina.weibo:id/bnLogin").exists()) {
				waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.sina.weibo:id/bnLogin");
			}
			waitForUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/protrait_item_main");
			break;
		case 3:
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/btn_profile");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/avatar_default_view");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/phone_view");
			writeTextByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/phone_num_view", "******");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/next_view");
			writeTextByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/pwd_view", "*****");
			waitForResourceIdAndClick("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/next_view");
			waitForUiObjectByResourceId("com.happyjuzi.apps.juzi:id/protrait_item_main");
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 检查是否登录成功
	 */
	public void checkIsLogin() {
		if (getUiObjectByText("点击头像登录").exists()) {
			outpu("登录失败!");
		} else {
			output("登录成功!");
		}
	}

由于时间比较紧,所以封装做得不够好,注释也少。先看看实际效果后期再改进,毕竟需求是会不断变化的。

导出jar包的时候,如果是Mac运行jar包,一定要修改里面ADB_PATH地址,不然会报错。具体导出jar包文件的办法,博客里上一篇帖子就是。



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