AngularJS上传文件

使用AngularJS上传文件

  • 前台是Angular页面
  • 后台使用SpringBoot/SpirngMVC

上传文件

  • html
<div>
    <input id="fileUpload" type="file" />
    <button ng-click="uploadFile()">上传</button>
</div>
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  • js
        $scope.upload = function(){
            var form = new FormData();
            var file = document.getElementById("fileUpload").files[0];
            form.append('file', file);
            $http({
                method: 'POST',
                url: '/upload',
                data: form,
                headers: {'Content-Type': undefined},
                transformRequest: angular.identity
            }).success(function (data) {
                console.log('upload success');
            }).error(function (data) {
                 console.log('upload fail');
            })
        }
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注意:

  • AngularJS默认的'Content-Type'application/json ,通过设置'Content-Type': undefined,这样浏览器不仅帮我们把Content-Type 设置为 multipart/form-data,还填充上当前的boundary
  • 如果手动设置为:'Content-Type': multipart/form-data,后台会抛出异常:the request was rejected because no multipart boundary was found
  • boundary 是随机生成的字符串,用来分隔文本的开始和结束
  • 通过设置 transformRequest: angular.identityanjularjs transformRequest function 将序列化我们的formdata object,也可以不添加
  • 后台
    @RequestMapping("/upload")
    public void uploadFile(@RequestParam(value = "file" , required = true) MultipartFile file) {
        //deal with file
    }
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注意

  • 文件必须通过@RequestParam注解来获取,且需指定value才能获取到
  • 这样就完成了上传文件

上传文件的同时传递其他参数

  • html
    <div>
        <input id="fileUpload" type="file" />
        <button ng-click="ok()">上传</button><br>
        <input ng-model="user.username" />
        <input ng-model="user.password" />
    </div>
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  • js
    $scope.ok = function () {
        var form = new FormData();
        var file = document.getElementById("fileUpload").files[0];   
        var user =JSON.stringify($scope.user);

        form.append('file', file);
        form.append('user',user);

        $http({
            method: 'POST',
            url: '/addUser',
            data: form,
            headers: {'Content-Type': undefined},
            transformRequest: angular.identity
        }).success(function (data) {
            console.log('operation success');
        }).error(function (data) {
            console.log('operation fail');
        })
    };
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  • 注意
    • 需要将Object转为String后在附加到form上,否则会直接被转为字符串[Object,object]
  • 后台
    @RequestMapping("/upload")
    public Map<String, Object> upload(@RequestParam(value = "file") MultipartFile file, @RequestParam(value = "user", required = true) String user) {

        try (FileInputStream in = (FileInputStream) headImg.getInputStream();
             FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("filePathAndName")) {

            //将Json对象解析为UserModel对象
            ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
            UserModel userModel = objectMapper.readValue(user, UserModel.class);

            //保存文件到filePathAndName
            int hasRead = 0;
            byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
            while ((hasRead = in.read(bytes)) > 0) {
                out.write(bytes, 0, hasRead);
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
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注意

  • ObjectMappercom.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper
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