OkHttp上传文件到服务器并带进度

你技术不行,不是因为你不聪明,而是因为最太懒!

在上一讲中 OkHttp下载文件并带进度条 中,我们知道怎样去下载文件了。那上传文件呢

一、编写服务器端

在上一讲服务器下新建UploadFileServlet,代码如下:然后重启服务器!

@WebServlet("/UploadFileServlet")
@MultipartConfig
public class UploadFileServlet extends HttpServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;


    public UploadFileServlet() {
        super();
        // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
    }

    /**
     * @see HttpServlet#doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse
     *      response)
     */
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        this.doPost(request, response);
    }

    /**
     * @see HttpServlet#doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse
     *      response)
     */
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        System.out.println("doPost==");
        request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
        //获取file命名的part,注意要与Android端一样
        Part part = request.getPart("file");
        // 获取请求头,请求头的格式:form-data; name="file"; filename="snmp4j--api.zip"
        String header = part.getHeader("content-disposition");
        System.out.println(header);
        String fileName = getFileName(header);
        // 存储路径
        String savePath = "D:/huang/upload";
        // 把文件写到指定路径
        part.write(savePath + File.separator + fileName);


        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        PrintWriter writer = response.getWriter();
        writer.print("上传成功");
    }



    public String getFileName(String header) {
        /**
         * header 为 form-data; name="file"; filename="dial.png"
         * String[] tempArr1 =
         * header.split(";");代码执行完之后,在不同的浏览器下,tempArr1数组里面的内容稍有区别
         * 火狐或者google浏览器下:tempArr1={form-data,name="file",filename=
         * "snmp4j--api.zip"}
         * IE浏览器下:tempArr1={form-data,name="file",filename="E:\snmp4j--api.zip"}
         */
        String[] tempArr1 = header.split(";");
        /**
         * 火狐或者google浏览器下:tempArr2={filename,"snmp4j--api.zip"}
         * IE浏览器下:tempArr2={filename,"E:\snmp4j--api.zip"}
         */
        String[] tempArr2 = tempArr1[2].split("=");
        // 获取文件名,兼容各种浏览器的写法
        String fileName = tempArr2[1].substring(tempArr2[1].lastIndexOf("\\") + 1).replaceAll("\"", "");
        return fileName;
    }

}

二、Android端

1.布局,上一讲activity_main代码中添加 :

  <Button
        android:id="@+id/ok_post_file"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="上传文件" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/post_text"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="0" />

    <ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/post_progress"
        style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:max="100" />

2.OkHttpUtil新增上传文件方法:

  public static void postFile(String url, final ProgressListener listener, Callback callback, File...files){

        MultipartBody.Builder builder = new MultipartBody.Builder();
        builder.setType(MultipartBody.FORM);
        Log.i("huang","files[0].getName()=="+files[0].getName());
        //第一个参数要与Servlet中的一致
        builder.addFormDataPart("file",files[0].getName(), RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("application/octet-stream"),files[0]));

        MultipartBody multipartBody = builder.build();

        Request request  = new Request.Builder().url(url).post(new ProgressRequestBody(multipartBody,listener)).build();
        okHttpClient.newCall(request).enqueue(callback);
    }

3.ProgressRequestBody是自定义RequestBody类,用来监听进度:

public class ProgressRequestBody extends RequestBody {
    public static final int UPDATE = 0x01;
    private RequestBody requestBody;
    private ProgressListener mListener;
    private BufferedSink bufferedSink;
    private MyHandler myHandler;
    public ProgressRequestBody(RequestBody body, ProgressListener listener) {
        requestBody = body;
        mListener = listener;
        if (myHandler==null){
            myHandler = new MyHandler();
        }
    }

    class MyHandler extends Handler {
    //放在主线程中显示 
        public MyHandler() {
            super(Looper.getMainLooper());
        }

        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what){
                case UPDATE:
                    ProgressModel progressModel = (ProgressModel) msg.obj;
                    if (mListener!=null)mListener.onProgress(progressModel.getCurrentBytes(),progressModel.getContentLength(),progressModel.isDone());
                    break;

            }
        }


    }

    @Override
    public MediaType contentType() {
        return requestBody.contentType();
    }

    @Override
    public long contentLength() throws IOException {
        return requestBody.contentLength();
    }

    @Override
    public void writeTo(BufferedSink sink) throws IOException {

        if (bufferedSink==null){
            bufferedSink = Okio.buffer(sink(sink));
        }
        //写入
        requestBody.writeTo(bufferedSink);
        //刷新
        bufferedSink.flush();
    }

    private Sink sink(BufferedSink sink) {

        return new ForwardingSink(sink) {
            long bytesWritten = 0L;
            long contentLength = 0L;
            @Override
            public void write(Buffer source, long byteCount) throws IOException {
                super.write(source, byteCount);
                if (contentLength==0){
                    contentLength = contentLength();
                }
                bytesWritten += byteCount;
                //回调
                Message msg = Message.obtain();
                msg.what = UPDATE;
                msg.obj =  new ProgressModel(bytesWritten,contentLength,bytesWritten==contentLength);
                myHandler.sendMessage(msg);
            }
        };
    }


}

4.在MainActivity添加上传按钮点击事件,代码如下:

   File file = new File(basePath + "/1.mp4");
                String postUrl = "http://192.168.0.104:8080/OkHttpServer/UploadFileServlet";

                OkHttpUtil.postFile(postUrl, new ProgressListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onProgress(long currentBytes, long contentLength, boolean done) {
                        Log.i(TAG, "currentBytes==" + currentBytes + "==contentLength==" + contentLength + "==done==" + done);
                        int progress = (int) (currentBytes * 100 / contentLength);
                        post_progress.setProgress(progress);
                        post_text.setText(progress + "%");
                    }
                }, new Callback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onFailure(Call call, IOException e) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) throws IOException {
                        if (response != null) {
                            String result = response.body().string();
                            Log.i(TAG, "result===" + result);
                        }
                    }
                }, file);

相关效果图:
布局
上传完成后,在电脑D:\huang\upload下可以看到:

源码下载

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Gary__123456/article/details/74159042
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