ActiveMQ发消息、收消息、持久化,查询队列剩余消息数、出队数的实现

1.首先启动activeMQ的服务

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public class RunServer {
 
    /** 启动activeMQ服务 */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        RunServer rs = new RunServer();       
        BrokerService broker = rs.startServer();
    }
    
    public BrokerService startServer() throws Exception{
        // java代码调用activemq相关的类来构造并启动brokerService
        BrokerService broker = new BrokerService();
 
        // 以下是持久化的配置
        // 持久化文件存储位置
        File dataFilterDir = new File("targer/amq-in-action/kahadb");
        KahaDBStore kaha = new KahaDBStore();
        kaha.setDirectory(dataFilterDir);
        // use a bigger journal file
        kaha.setJournalMaxFileLength(1024*100);
        // small batch means more frequent and smaller writes
        kaha.setIndexWriteBatchSize(100);
        // do the index write in a separate thread
        kaha.setEnableIndexWriteAsync(true);
        
        broker.setPersistenceAdapter(kaha);
        // create a transport connector
        broker.addConnector("tcp://localhost:61616");
        broker.setUseJmx(true);
        //broker.setDataDirectory("data/");
        
 
        // 以下是ManagementContext的配置,从这个容器中可以取得消息队列中未执行的消息数、消费者数、出队数等等
        // 设置ManagementContext
        ManagementContext context = broker.getManagementContext();
        context.setConnectorPort(2011);
        context.setJmxDomainName("my-broker");
        context.setConnectorPath("/jmxrmi");
        broker.start();
        System.in.read();
        return broker;
    }

2.发送消息

 

 

public class Sender {
    private static final int SEND_NUMBER = 1;
 
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // ConnectionFactory :连接工厂,JMS 用它创建连接
        ConnectionFactory connectionFactory;
        // Connection :JMS 客户端到JMS Provider 的连接
        Connection connection = null;
        // Session: 一个发送或接收消息的线程
        Session session;
        // Destination :消息的目的地;消息发送给谁.
        Destination destination;
        // MessageProducer:消息发送者
        MessageProducer producer;
        // TextMessage message;
        // 构造ConnectionFactory实例对象,此处采用ActiveMq的实现jar
 
        connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory(
                ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_USER,
                ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_PASSWORD,
                "tcp://localhost:61616");
        try {
            // 构造从工厂得到连接对象
            connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
            // 启动
            connection.start();
            // 获取操作连接
            session = connection.createSession(Boolean.TRUE,
                    Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            // 获取session注意参数值xingbo.xu-queue是一个服务器的queue,须在在ActiveMq的console配置
            destination = session.createQueue("test-persistence");
            // 得到消息生成者【发送者】
            producer = session.createProducer(destination);
            // 设置不持久化,可以更改
            producer.setDeliveryMode(DeliveryMode.PERSISTENT);
            // 构造消息
            sendMessage(session, producer);
            session.commit();
 
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (null != connection)
                    connection.close();
            } catch (Throwable ignore) {
            }
        }
 
    }
 
    public static void sendMessage(Session session, MessageProducer producer)
            throws Exception {
        for (int i = 1; i <= SEND_NUMBER; i++) {
            TextMessage message = session
                    .createTextMessage("ActiveMq 发送的消息" + i);
            // 发送消息到目的地方
            System.out.println("发送消息:" + i);
            producer.send(message);
        }
    }

3.收消息

 

 

public class Receiver {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // ConnectionFactory :连接工厂,JMS 用它创建连接
        ConnectionFactory connectionFactory;
        // Connection :JMS 客户端到JMS Provider 的连接
        Connection connection = null;
        // Session: 一个发送或接收消息的线程
        Session session;
        // Destination :消息的目的地;消息发送给谁.
        Destination destination;
        // 消费者,消息接收者
        MessageConsumer consumer;
 
        connectionFactory = new ActiveMQConnectionFactory(
                ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_USER,
                ActiveMQConnection.DEFAULT_PASSWORD, "tcp://localhost:61616");
        try {
            // 构造从工厂得到连接对象
            connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
            // 启动
            connection.start();
            // 获取操作连接
            session = connection.createSession(Boolean.TRUE,
                    Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            //test-queue跟sender的保持一致,一个创建一个来接收
            destination = session.createQueue("test-persistence");
            consumer = session.createConsumer(destination);
            
            consumer.setMessageListener(new MessageListener() {
                public void onMessage(Message arg0) {
                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e1) {
                        e1.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    System.out.println("==================");
                    try {
                        System.out.println("RECEIVE1第一个获得者:"
                                + ((TextMessage) arg0).getText());
                    } catch (JMSException e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                
                }
            });
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally {
            try {
                if (null != connection)
                    connection.close();
            } catch (Throwable ignore) {
            }
        }
      }
    }

4.获取消息的状态,也就是上面所说的获得消息队列中未执行的消息数、消费者数、出队数等等

 

public class StateTest {
 
    /**
     * 获取状态
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        JMXServiceURL url = new JMXServiceURL("service:jmx:rmi:///jndi/rmi://localhost:2011/jmxrmi");
        JMXConnector connector = JMXConnectorFactory.connect(url, null);
        connector.connect();
        MBeanServerConnection connection = connector.getMBeanServerConnection();
 
         // 需要注意的是,这里的my-broker必须和上面配置的名称相同
        ObjectName name = new ObjectName("my-broker:BrokerName=localhost,Type=Broker");
        BrokerViewMBean mBean =  (BrokerViewMBean)MBeanServerInvocationHandler.newProxyInstance(connection,                     name, BrokerViewMBean.class, true);
        // System.out.println(mBean.getBrokerName());
         
        for(ObjectName queueName : mBean.getQueues()) {
            QueueViewMBean queueMBean =                     (QueueViewMBean)MBeanServerInvocationHandler.newProxyInstance(connection, queueName, QueueViewMBean.class, true);
            System.out.println("\n------------------------------\n");
 
            // 消息队列名称
            System.out.println("States for queue --- " + queueMBean.getName());
 
            // 队列中剩余的消息数
            System.out.println("Size --- " + queueMBean.getQueueSize());
 
            // 消费者数
            System.out.println("Number of consumers --- " + queueMBean.getConsumerCount());
 
            // 出队数
            System.out.println("Number of dequeue ---" + queueMBean.getDequeueCount() );
        }
         
        }
 
    }

ActiveMQ技术学习 https://www.itkc8.com 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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