SpringCloud Eureka实战

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一 开发环境

MacOS10.12+JDK8u133+Git2.10+Maven3.3.9+Tomcat8.5+MySQL5.7
SpringBoot1.5.4.RELEASE+SpringCloud Dalston.SRL

二 搭建SpringCloud Eureka注册中心(单点)

2.1 实现单点的Eureka注册中心

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.ekeyfund.springcloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>springcloud-eureka-server</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>springcloud-eureka-server</name>
    <description>SpringCloud Eureka Server</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.4.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <spring-cloud.version>Dalston.SR1</spring-cloud.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-eureka-server</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>

application.properties

##定义注册中心服务的端口
server.port=8888

#定义注册中心服务的ip
eureka.instance.hostname=127.0.0.1

#不向注册中心注册自己
eureka.client.register-with-eureka=false
#注册中心的职责就是维护服务的实例,并不需要检索服务
eureka.client.fetch-registry=false
## 注册中心的访问地址
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://${eureka.instance.hostname}:${server.port}/eureka/

启动类

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

@EnableEurekaServer //启用Eureka 注册中心
@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringcloudEurekaServerApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringcloudEurekaServerApplication.class, args);
    }
}

2.2 访问Eureka注册中心

访问地址:http://127.0.0.1:8888/eureka/

访问界面
eureka-server

三 实现服务注册提供者

说明:为了保证项目的完整性,这里会使用SpringBoot的JPA,Web模块提供一个完整的RestFulAPI的例子。

3.1 实体

包含User,Department,Role三个实体类

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonBackReference;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.builder.ToStringBuilder;
import org.springframework.format.annotation.DateTimeFormat;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * User Entity
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午2:32
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "springboot_user")
public class User {

    @Id
    @Column(name = "user_id")
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "user_name")
    private String name;


    @Column(name = "user_password")
    private String password;


    @Column(name = "user_create_date")
    @DateTimeFormat(pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
    private Date createDate;


    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "department_id")
    @JsonBackReference
    private Department department;



    @ManyToMany(cascade = {},fetch = FetchType.EAGER)
    @JoinTable(name = "springboot_user_role",joinColumns = {@JoinColumn(name="user_id")},
                inverseJoinColumns = {@JoinColumn(name = "role_id")}
    )
    private List<Role> roleList;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public Date getCreateDate() {
        return createDate;
    }

    public void setCreateDate(Date createDate) {
        this.createDate = createDate;
    }

    public Department getDepartment() {
        return department;
    }

    public void setDepartment(Department department) {
        this.department = department;
    }

    public List<Role> getRoleList() {
        return roleList;
    }

    public void setRoleList(List<Role> roleList) {
        this.roleList = roleList;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return new ToStringBuilder(this)
                .append("id", id)
                .append("name", name)
                .append("password", password)
                .append("createDate", createDate)
                .append("department", department)
                .append("roleList", roleList)
                .toString();
    }
}

Department.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.builder.ToStringBuilder;
import org.hibernate.annotations.CacheConcurrencyStrategy;

import javax.persistence.*;

/**
 * Department Entity
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午2:31
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "springboot_department")
@org.hibernate.annotations.Cache(usage = CacheConcurrencyStrategy.NONSTRICT_READ_WRITE)
public class Department {


    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "department_id")
    private Long id;


    @Column(name = "department_name")
    private String name;


    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return new ToStringBuilder(this)
                .append("id", id)
                .append("name", name)
                .toString();
    }
}

Role.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity;

import javax.persistence.*;

/**
 * Role Entity
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午2:36
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "springboot_role")
public class Role {


    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "role_id")
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "role_name")
    private String name;


    public Long getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Long id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return new org.apache.commons.lang3.builder.ToStringBuilder(this)
                .append("id", id)
                .append("name", name)
                .toString();
    }
}

3.2 持久层

主要是UserRepository和DepartmentRepository

UserRepository.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.repository;

import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.User;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * User Repository
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午2:54
 */
@Repository
public interface UserRepository  extends JpaRepository<User,Long>{


    /**
     *  and
     * @param id
     * @param name
     * @return
     */
    User findByIdAndName(Long id, String name);


    User findByNameAndPassword(String name, String password);

    /**
     *  or
     * @param id
     * @param name
     * @return
     */
    User findByIdOrName(Long id, String name);


    /**
     * between
     * @param start
     * @param end
     * @return
     */
    List<User> findByCreateDateBetween(Date start, Date end);


    /**
     * lessThan
     * @param start
     * @return
     */
    List<User> getByCreateDateLessThan(Date start);

    /**
     * Greater Than
     * @param start
     * @return
     */
    List<User> findByCreateDateGreaterThan(Date start);


    /**
     * is null
     * @return
     */
    List<User> findByNameIsNull();


    /**
     * in
     * @param nameList
     * @return
     */
    List<User> findByNameIn(Collection<String> nameList);




}

DepartmentRepository.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.repository;

import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.Department;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

/**
 * Created by tony on 2017/6/19.
 */
@Repository
public interface DepartmentRepository extends JpaRepository<Department,Long> {
}

3.3 业务逻辑层

主要包含UserService,UserServiceImpl,DepartmentService,DepartmentServiceImpl

UserService.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service;


import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.User;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by tony on 2017/6/19.
 */
public interface UserService {


    /**
     * 登录
     * @param name
     * @param password
     * @return
     */
    public User login(String name, String password);


    /**
     * 注册
     * @param user
     * @return
     */
    public User register(User user);


    /**
     * 注销
     * @param user
     * @return
     */
    void writeOff(User user);

    /**
     * 当前用户是否已经存在
     * @param user
     * @return
     */
    boolean isExists(User user);


     List<User> getAllUser();


     User getUserById(Long id);





}

UserServiceImpl.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service.impl;


import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.User;
import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.repository.UserRepository;
import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.transaction.Transactional;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * User Service Impl
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午3:34
 */
@Service
@Transactional
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {



    @Autowired
    private UserRepository userRepository;


    @Override
    public User login(String name, String password) {
        return userRepository.findByNameAndPassword(name,password);
    }

    @Override
    public User register(User user) {
        return userRepository.save(user);
    }

    @Override
    public void writeOff(User user) {
         userRepository.delete(user);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isExists(User user) {
        return userRepository.findOne(user.getId())!=null?true:false;
    }

    @Override
    public List<User> getAllUser() {
        return userRepository.findAll();
    }

    @Override
    public User getUserById(Long id) {
        return userRepository.findOne(id);
    }
}

DepartmentService.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service;


import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.Department;

/**
 * Created by tony on 2017/6/19.
 */
public interface DepartmentService {




     Department saveDepartment(Department department);


     Department getDepartmentById(Long id);
}

DepartmentServiceImpl.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service.impl;


import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.Department;
import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.repository.DepartmentRepository;
import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service.DepartmentService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.transaction.Transactional;

/**
 * Department Impl
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午3:12
 */
@Transactional
@Service
public class DepartmentImpl implements DepartmentService {


    @Autowired
    private DepartmentRepository departmentRepository;


    @Override
    public Department saveDepartment(Department department) {
        return departmentRepository.save(department);
    }

    @Override
    public Department getDepartmentById(Long id) {
        return departmentRepository.findOne(id);
    }
}

3.4 Controller

UserController.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.controller;

import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.User;
import com.ekeyfund.springcloud.service.UserService;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.ServiceInstance;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.DiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * UserController
 * Restful API
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-下午11:24
 */
@RestController
public class UserController {



    private static final org.slf4j.Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(UserController.class);


    @Autowired
    private DiscoveryClient discoveryClient;


    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;



    @RequestMapping(value = "/user/list",method = RequestMethod.GET)
   public List<User> list(){

       List<ServiceInstance> serviceInstanceList= discoveryClient.getInstances("user-service");
        ServiceInstance instance=discoveryClient.getLocalServiceInstance();
        LOGGER.info("call user/list service  host is  "+instance.getHost()+"service_id is "+instance.getServiceId());
        return userService.getAllUser();
   }

   @RequestMapping(value = "/user/register",method = RequestMethod.POST)
   public String register(@ModelAttribute User user){
       User result =userService.register(user);
       return result!=null?"success":"fail";
   }

   @RequestMapping(value = "/user/get/{id}")
   public User get(@PathVariable Long id){

       return userService.getUserById(id);
   }

   @RequestMapping(value = "/user/update/{id}",method = RequestMethod.PUT)
   public String update(@PathVariable Long id,@ModelAttribute User user){

       User updatedUser =userService.getUserById(id);
       updatedUser.setName(user.getName());
       updatedUser.setPassword(user.getPassword());
       updatedUser.setCreateDate(new Date());
       User result= userService.register(updatedUser);
       return result!=null?"success":"fail";

   }


   @RequestMapping(value = "/user/delete/{id}",method = RequestMethod.DELETE)
   public String delete(@PathVariable Long id){

       User user =new User();
       user.setId(id);
       userService.writeOff(user);

       return "success";
   }


}

3.5 Configuration

JPAConfiguration.java

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud.configuration;

import com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.domain.EntityScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.Ordered;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.Order;
import org.springframework.dao.annotation.PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaRepositories;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaDialect;
import org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.HibernateJpaVendorAdapter;
import org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;

import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Properties;

/**
 * JPA Persistence Configuration
 *
 * @author Liuguanglei liugl@ekeyfund.com
 * @create 2017-06-上午11:26
 */
@Order(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE)
@Configuration
@EnableTransactionManagement(proxyTargetClass = true) //启用JPA的事务管理
@EnableJpaRepositories(basePackages = "com.ekeyfund.springcloud.repository" )//启用JPA资源库并指定资源库接口位置
@EntityScan(basePackages = "com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity")//指定实体的位置
public class JPAPersistenceConfiguration {



    private static final org.slf4j.Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(JPAPersistenceConfiguration.class);


    /*******************数据库和连接池配置信息,读取application.properties文件的属性值****************************/
    @Value("${spring.datasource.driver-class-name}")
    private String driverClass;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.username}")
    private String userName;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.password}")
    private String password;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.url}")
    private String url;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.initialSize}")
    private int initialSize;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.minIdle}")
    private int minIdle;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.maxActive}")
    private int maxActive;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.maxWait}")
    private long maxWait;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis}")
    private long timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis;

    @Value("${spring.datasource.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis}")
    private long minEvictableIdleTimeMillis;


    @Value("${spring.datasource.filters}")
    private String filters;


    @Value("${spring.datasource.connectionProperties}")
    private String connectionProperties;


    @Bean(name = "druidDataSource",initMethod = "init",destroyMethod = "close")
    public DataSource dataSource(){
        DruidDataSource druidDataSource =new DruidDataSource();
        druidDataSource.setDriverClassName(driverClass);
        druidDataSource.setUsername(userName);
        druidDataSource.setPassword(password);
        druidDataSource.setUrl(url);

        druidDataSource.setInitialSize(initialSize);
        druidDataSource.setMinIdle(minIdle);
        druidDataSource.setMaxActive(maxActive);
        druidDataSource.setMaxWait(maxWait);
        druidDataSource.setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis);
        druidDataSource.setMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis(minEvictableIdleTimeMillis);
        druidDataSource.setConnectionProperties(connectionProperties);
        try {
            druidDataSource.setFilters(filters);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            LOGGER.error("build datasoure exception ",e.getMessage());
        }

        return druidDataSource;
    }



    @Bean(name = "entityManagerFactory")
    public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean entityManagerFactory(DataSource druidDataSource){
        LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean =new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();
        localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.setDataSource(druidDataSource);
        localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.setPackagesToScan("com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity");
        localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.setJpaProperties(buildHibernateProperties());
        localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.setJpaDialect(new HibernateJpaDialect());
        localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.setJpaVendorAdapter(new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter(){
            {
                setDatabase(org.springframework.orm.jpa.vendor.Database.MYSQL);
                setDatabasePlatform("org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect");
            }
        });
        return localContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean;
    }


    @Bean
    public PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager(DataSource druidDataSource, EntityManagerFactory entityManagerFactory){
        JpaTransactionManager jpaTransactionManager=new JpaTransactionManager();
        jpaTransactionManager.setDataSource(druidDataSource);
        jpaTransactionManager.setEntityManagerFactory(entityManagerFactory);
        return jpaTransactionManager;
    }

    @Bean
    PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor persistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor(){
        return new PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor();
    }



    protected Properties buildHibernateProperties(){
        Properties hibernateProperties =new Properties();
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.dialect", "org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto","update");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.show_sql", "false");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.use_sql_comments", "false");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.format_sql", "true");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.generate_statistics", "false");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("javax.persistence.validation.mode", "none");
        //Audit History flags
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("org.hibernate.envers.store_data_at_delete", "true");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("org.hibernate.envers.global_with_modified_flag", "true");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache", "true");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.cache.region.factory_class", "org.hibernate.cache.ehcache.EhCacheRegionFactory");
        hibernateProperties.setProperty("hibernate.cache.use_query_cache", "true");


        return hibernateProperties;
    }

}

3.6 配置文件

主要包含application.properties和logback-spring.xml以及ehcache.xml

application.properties

##DataSource Config
##\u6570\u636e\u5e93\u8fde\u63a5\u6c60\u4fe1\u606f\u914d\u7f6e
spring.datasource.type=com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/springboot?characterEncoding=utf-8
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=guanglei
# \u4e0b\u9762\u4e3a\u8fde\u63a5\u6c60\u7684\u8865\u5145\u8bbe\u7f6e\uff0c\u5e94\u7528\u5230\u4e0a\u9762\u6240\u6709\u6570\u636e\u6e90\u4e2d
# \u521d\u59cb\u5316\u5927\u5c0f\uff0c\u6700\u5c0f\uff0c\u6700\u5927
spring.datasource.initialSize=5
spring.datasource.minIdle=5
spring.datasource.maxActive=20
# \u914d\u7f6e\u83b7\u53d6\u8fde\u63a5\u7b49\u5f85\u8d85\u65f6\u7684\u65f6\u95f4
spring.datasource.maxWait=60000
# \u914d\u7f6e\u95f4\u9694\u591a\u4e45\u624d\u8fdb\u884c\u4e00\u6b21\u68c0\u6d4b\uff0c\u68c0\u6d4b\u9700\u8981\u5173\u95ed\u7684\u7a7a\u95f2\u8fde\u63a5\uff0c\u5355\u4f4d\u662f\u6beb\u79d2
spring.datasource.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis=60000
# \u914d\u7f6e\u4e00\u4e2a\u8fde\u63a5\u5728\u6c60\u4e2d\u6700\u5c0f\u751f\u5b58\u7684\u65f6\u95f4\uff0c\u5355\u4f4d\u662f\u6beb\u79d2
spring.datasource.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis=300000
spring.datasource.validationQuery=SELECT 1 FROM DUAL
spring.datasource.testWhileIdle=true
spring.datasource.testOnBorrow=false
spring.datasource.testOnReturn=false
# \u6253\u5f00PSCache\uff0c\u5e76\u4e14\u6307\u5b9a\u6bcf\u4e2a\u8fde\u63a5\u4e0aPSCache\u7684\u5927\u5c0f
spring.datasource.poolPreparedStatements=true
spring.datasource.maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize=20
# \u914d\u7f6e\u76d1\u63a7\u7edf\u8ba1\u62e6\u622a\u7684filters\uff0c\u53bb\u6389\u540e\u76d1\u63a7\u754c\u9762sql\u65e0\u6cd5\u7edf\u8ba1\uff0c'wall'\u7528\u4e8e\u9632\u706b\u5899
spring.datasource.filters=stat,wall,log4j
# \u901a\u8fc7connectProperties\u5c5e\u6027\u6765\u6253\u5f00mergeSql\u529f\u80fd\uff1b\u6162SQL\u8bb0\u5f55
spring.datasource.connectionProperties=druid.stat.mergeSql=true;druid.stat.slowSqlMillis=5000

# \u5408\u5e76\u591a\u4e2aDruidDataSource\u7684\u76d1\u63a7\u6570\u636e
#spring.datasource.useGlobalDataSourceStat=true

# druid \u8bbf\u95ee\u5730\u5740 http://host:port/druid/index.html


##Log Config
logging.config=classpath:logback-spring.xml

## SpringData JPA Config
spring.jpa.database=mysql
spring.jpa.show-sql=true
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update


#设置服务名称
spring.application.name=user-service 
#指定服务注册中心的地址 ###高可用改造后可以加上多个注册中心的地址
eureka.client.service-url.defaultZone=http://127.0.0.1:8888/eureka/,http://127.0.0.1:9999/eureka/
#指定服务提供者的端口
server.port=8080

logback-spring.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
    <!--<include resource="org/springframework/boot/logging/logback/base.xml"/>-->
    <!-- 项目的appid -->
    <property name="APP_ID" value="SpringCloud-Eureka-User-Service-Provider"/>
    <property name="LOG_PATH" value="logs"></property>
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg %n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <appender name="FILE_LOG"
              class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>DEBUG</level>
        </filter>
        <file>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.zip
            </fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>10</maxHistory>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <appender name="FILE_DEBUG"
              class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>DEBUG</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <file>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_debug.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_debug.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.zip
            </fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>10</maxHistory>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <appender name="FILE_INFO"
              class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>INFO</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <file>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_info.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_info.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.zip
            </fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>10</maxHistory>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <appender name="FILE_WARN"
              class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>WARN</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <file>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_warn.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_warn.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.zip
            </fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>10</maxHistory>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <appender name="FILE_ERROR"
              class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>ERROR</level>
            <onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <file>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_error.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${LOG_PATH}/${APP_ID}/access_error.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.zip
            </fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>10</maxHistory>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{35} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>


    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_LOG"/>
    </appender>
    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_LOG"/>
    </appender>
    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG_DEBUG" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_DEBUG"/>
    </appender>
    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG_INFO" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_INFO"/>
    </appender>
    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG_WARN" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_WARN"/>
    </appender>
    <appender name="ASYNC_LOG_ERROR" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <!-- 不丢失日志.默认的,如果队列的80%已满,则会丢弃TRACT、DEBUG、INFO级别的日志 -->
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <!-- 更改默认的队列的深度,该值会影响性能.默认值为256 -->
        <queueSize>512</queueSize>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE_ERROR"/>
    </appender>
    <root level="INFO">
        <!-- appender referenced after it is defined -->
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC_LOG"/>
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC_LOG_DEBUG"/>
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC_LOG_INFO"/>
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC_LOG_WARN"/>
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC_LOG_ERROR"/>
    </root>
    <logger name="org.springframework" level="INFO"/>
</configuration>

ehcache.xml

<ehcache>

    <!-- Sets the path to the directory where cache .data files are created.

         If the path is a Java System Property it is replaced by
         its value in the running VM.

         The following properties are translated:
         user.home - User's home directory
         user.dir - User's current working directory
         java.io.tmpdir - Default temp file path -->
    <!--
        指定一个目录:当 EHCache 把数据写到硬盘上时, 将把数据写到这个目录下.
    -->
    <diskStore path="tempDirectory"/>


    <!--Default Cache configuration. These will applied to caches programmatically created through
        the CacheManager.

        The following attributes are required for defaultCache:

        maxInMemory       - Sets the maximum number of objects that will be created in memory
        eternal           - Sets whether elements are eternal. If eternal,  timeouts are ignored and the element
                            is never expired.
        timeToIdleSeconds - Sets the time to idle for an element before it expires. Is only used
                            if the element is not eternal. Idle time is now - last accessed time
        timeToLiveSeconds - Sets the time to live for an element before it expires. Is only used
                            if the element is not eternal. TTL is now - creation time
        overflowToDisk    - Sets whether elements can overflow to disk when the in-memory cache
                            has reached the maxInMemory limit.

        -->
    <!--
        设置缓存的默认数据过期策略
    -->
    <defaultCache
            maxElementsInMemory="10000"
            eternal="false"
            timeToIdleSeconds="120"
            timeToLiveSeconds="120"
            overflowToDisk="true"
    />

    <!--
        设定具体的命名缓存的数据过期策略。每个命名缓存代表一个缓存区域
        缓存区域(region):一个具有名称的缓存块,可以给每一个缓存块设置不同的缓存策略。
        如果没有设置任何的缓存区域,则所有被缓存的对象,都将使用默认的缓存策略。即:<defaultCache.../>
        Hibernate 在不同的缓存区域保存不同的类/集合。
         对于类而言,区域的名称是类名。如:com.ekeyfund.springboot.jpa.entity.User
         对于集合而言,区域的名称是类名加属性名。如com.ekeyfund.springboot.jpa.entity.User.roleList
    -->
    <!--
        name: 设置缓存的名字,它的取值为类的全限定名或类的集合的名字
     maxElementsInMemory: 设置基于内存的缓存中可存放的对象最大数目

     eternal: 设置对象是否为永久的, true表示永不过期,
     此时将忽略timeToIdleSeconds 和 timeToLiveSeconds属性; 默认值是false
     timeToIdleSeconds:设置对象空闲最长时间,以秒为单位, 超过这个时间,对象过期。
     当对象过期时,EHCache会把它从缓存中清除。如果此值为0,表示对象可以无限期地处于空闲状态。
     timeToLiveSeconds:设置对象生存最长时间,超过这个时间,对象过期。
     如果此值为0,表示对象可以无限期地存在于缓存中. 该属性值必须大于或等于 timeToIdleSeconds 属性值

     overflowToDisk:设置基于内存的缓存中的对象数目达到上限后,是否把溢出的对象写到基于硬盘的缓存中
    -->
    <cache name="com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.Department"
           maxElementsInMemory="1"
           eternal="false"
           timeToIdleSeconds="300"
           timeToLiveSeconds="600"
           overflowToDisk="true"
    />

    <cache name="com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.User"
           maxElementsInMemory="1000"
           eternal="true"
           timeToIdleSeconds="0"
           timeToLiveSeconds="0"
           overflowToDisk="false"
    />

    <cache name="com.ekeyfund.springcloud.entity.Role"
           maxElementsInMemory="1000"
           eternal="true"
           timeToIdleSeconds="0"
           timeToLiveSeconds="0"
           overflowToDisk="false"
    />

</ehcache>

四 访问注册服务后的注册中心

启动类

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;

@EnableDiscoveryClient //启动服务发现
@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringcloudEurekaProviderApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringcloudEurekaProviderApplication.class, args);
    }
}

运行该类,并刷新服务注册中心,会发现新增user-service服务,如下图:
register-success

五 服务注册中心高可用实现

高可用的实现主要在于配置文件,这里模拟高可用的场景是单台机器部署了两个服务注册中心。

5.1服务注册中心的配置

这里使用了application.properties,application-master.properties和application-slave.properties,使用springboot的多环境配置特性来激活两个注册中心,其配置如下:

application-master.properties

spring.application.name=eureka-server
server.port=8888

eureka.instance.hostname=127.0.0.1
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://${eureka.instance.hostname}:9999/eureka/

application-slave.properties

spring.application.name=eureka-server
server.port=9999

eureka.instance.hostname=127.0.0.1
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://${eureka.instance.hostname}:8888/eureka/

application.properties

spring.profiles.active=master
##使用ip地址的形式定义注册中心的地址
eureka.instance.prefer-ip-address=true

5.2 服务注册提供者配置

服务注册提供者配置和之前的不同在于eureka.client.service-url.defaultZone增加了多个地址。

#设置服务名称
spring.application.name=user-service 
#指定服务注册中心的地址 ###高可用改造后可以加上多个注册中心的地址
eureka.client.service-url.defaultZone=http://127.0.0.1:8888/eureka/,http://127.0.0.1:9999/eureka/
#指定服务提供者的端口
server.port=8080

5.3 启动类

为了模拟高可用,这里准备了两个启动类:
SpringcloudEurekaServerMasterApplication

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

/**
 * Eureka高可用 Master Server
 */
@EnableEurekaServer //启用Eureka 注册中心
@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringcloudEurekaServerMasterApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringcloudEurekaServerMasterApplication.class, args);
    }
}

SpringcloudEurekaServerSlaveApplication

package com.ekeyfund.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

/**
 * Eureka高可用 Slave Server
 */
@EnableEurekaServer //启用Eureka 注册中心
@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringcloudEurekaServerSlaveApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringcloudEurekaServerSlaveApplication.class, args);
    }
}

可以通过修改application.properties文件中的spring.profiles.active属性来分别启动,然后访问http://127.0.0.1:8888或者是127.0.0.1:9999,会看到eureka-service注册中心成功注册到两个注册中心上,如下图:
http://127.0.0.1:8888
127.0.0.1:8888

http://127.0.0.1:9999
127.0.0.1:9999

当启动SpringcloudEurekaProviderApplication后
访问 http://127.0.0.1:8888
127.0.0.1:8888

访问http://127.0.0.1:9999
127.0.0.1:9999

就可以看到应用USER-SERVICE注册到高可用的注册中心EUREKA-SERVICE上了。

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