ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_rsa.pub email@example.com
[root@centos5 ~]# ssh-copy-id firstname.lastname@example.org /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub" /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: ERROR: ssh: connect to host 188.8.131.52 port 22: Connection refused
[root@centos5 ~]# ssh-copy-id email@example.com /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub" /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: ERROR: ssh_exchange_identification: read: Connection reset by peer
NAME ssh-copy-id — use locally available keys to authorise logins on a remote machine SYNOPSIS ssh-copy-id [-f] [-n] [-i [identity_file]] [-p port] [-o ssh_option] [user@]hostname ssh-copy-id -h | -?
EXAMPLES If you have already installed keys from one system on a lot of remote hosts, and you then create a new key, on a new client machine, say, it can be difficult to keep track of which systems on which you've installed the new key. One way of dealing with this is to load both the new key and old key(s) into your ssh-agent(1). Load the new key first, with‐ out the -c option, then load one or more old keys into the agent, possibly by ssh-ing to the client machine that has that old key, using the -A option to allow agent forwarding: user@newclient$ ssh-add user@newclient$ ssh -A old.client user@oldl$ ssh-add -c ... prompt for pass-phrase ... user@old$ logoff user@newclient$ ssh someserver now, if the new key is installed on the server, you'll be allowed in unprompted, whereas if you only have the old key(s) enabled, you'll be asked for confirmation, which is your cue to log back out and run user@newclient$ ssh-copy-id -i someserver The reason you might want to specify the -i option in this case is to ensure that the comment on the installed key is the one from the .pub file, rather than just the filename that was loaded into you agent. It also ensures that only the id you intended is installed, rather than all the keys that you have in your ssh-agent(1). Of course, you can specify another id, or use the contents of the ssh-agent(1) as you prefer. Having mentioned ssh-add(1)'s -c option, you might consider using this whenever using agent forwarding to avoid your key being hijacked, but it is much better to instead use ssh(1)'s ProxyCommand and -W option, to bounce through remote servers while always doing direct end-to-end authentication. This way the middle hop(s) don't get access to your ssh-agent(1). A web search for ‘ssh proxycommand nc’ should prove enlightening (N.B. the modern approach is to use the -W option, rather than nc(1)).
chmod 700 ~/.ssh
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
[firstname.lastname@example.org]#ssh-keygen -t rsa #下面一直按回车就好 [email@example.com]#ssh-keygen -t rsa
[firstname.lastname@example.org]#ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_rsa.pub email@example.com [firstname.lastname@example.org]#ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_rsa.pub email@example.com
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub “-p 2022 firstname.lastname@example.org”
- 3.也可以把ip地址和主机名对应关系加到 /etc/hosts里 这样直接ssh 主机名就可以了(eg:192.168.3.21 node2 加到hosts里就可以了