基于kolla部署多节点OpenStack(Ocata版)

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出处:https://blog.csdn.net/dylloveyou/article/details/78699235

在这篇文章(http://blog.csdn.net/dylloveyou/article/details/77148560)中,我们已经部署了单节点的OpenStack环境,这次我们尝试部署一个多节点的环境(包括1个controller节点,1个compute节点,1个storage节点),之前的单节点因为已经安装了kolla-ansible和docker registry,我们把它当做部署节点。

1. 环境准备

新创建3台虚拟机,分别作为controller节点,compute节点,storage节点。其中controller节点3张网卡,compute、storage节点2张网卡。操作系统为centos7.4

1)关闭Selinux 
vi /etc/sysconfig/selinux

SELINUX=disabled

2)关闭firewalld

systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

3)设置主机名,hosts文件 
vi /etc/hosts

192.168.128.77 control01 
192.168.128.85 controller 
192.168.128.86 compute 
192.168.128.87 storage

4)storage节点加盘 
storage节点新加一块磁盘,作为cinder的lvm后端 
这里写图片描述 
加完后重启系统,可以查看到新加的磁盘

[root@storage ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sdb: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes, 20971520 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/sda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes, 20971520 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000d78d5

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1            2048    20971519    10484736   8e  Linux LVM
......

创建pv、vg

[root@storage ~]# pvcreate /dev/sdb
  Physical volume "/dev/sdb" successfully created.
[root@storage ~]# vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/sdb
  Volume group "cinder-volumes" successfully created

修改配置 
vi /etc/lvm/lvm.conf 
修改 devices 下面的

filter = [ "a/sda/", "a/sdb/", "r/.*/"] 

重启lvm服务

systemctl restart lvm2-lvmetad.service

5)确认节点配置

controller 3 张网卡 
compute 2 张网卡 
storage 2 张网卡(其实一张即可,因为不需要tunnel网络) 
storage 2 块硬盘 
这里写图片描述

每个主机的eth0网卡作为 API&Management 网络,使用的是“NAT模式” 
每个主机的eth1网卡作为 Tenant(VM) 网络,是承载VxLAN的底层网络,使用的是“仅主机模式 ” 
controller节点也作为网络节点,需要模拟OpenStack的外网,增加网卡eth2,这里也选择“仅主机模式”

关于如何应用OpenStack的OVS+vxlan网络模式,请参考:http://blog.csdn.net/dylloveyou/article/details/72639187

关于如何修改CentOS7的网卡名称,请参考:http://blog.csdn.net/dylloveyou/article/details/78697896

2.安装docker

1)加入Docker的repo源

# tee /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo << 'EOF'
[dockerrepo]
name=Docker Repository
baseurl=https://yum.dockerproject.org/repo/main/centos/$releasever/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://yum.dockerproject.org/gpg
EOF 

2)安装Docker 1.12.6

yum install docker-engine-1.12.6 docker-engine-selinux-1.12.6 -y

3)设置Docker

mkdir /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d
tee /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/kolla.conf << 'EOF'
[Service]
MountFlags=shared
EOF

4)重启相关服务

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable docker
systemctl restart docker

5)编辑/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service文件

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd --insecure-registry 192.168.128.77:4000

6)重启Docker服务

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker

3.配置免密登录

部署节点和其他节点免密登陆

[root@control01 ~]# ssh-keygen 
[root@control01 ~]# ssh-copy-id controller 
[root@control01 ~]# ssh-copy-id compute 
[root@control01 ~]# ssh-copy-id storage

4.部署OpenStack

1)停止部署节点容器

因为部署节点之前已经部署了All in One的OpenStack,为了降低虚拟机的资源占用(我是用笔记本上面的虚拟机做的实验),先停止本节的的OpenStack相关容器。

[root@control01 ~]# cd /root/kolla-ansible-4.0.3.dev36/tools/
[root@control01 tools]# . kolla-ansible stop

查看只剩registry容器在运行

[root@control01 tools]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                    NAMES
b18c5accabc2        registry            "/bin/registry serve "   3 months ago        Up 22 minutes       0.0.0.0:4000->5000/tcp   registry

2)修改multinode文件

[root@control01 ~]# cd /root/kolla-ansible-4.0.3.dev36/
[root@control01 kolla-ansible-4.0.3.dev36]# cp ansible/inventory/* /home/
[root@control01 ~]# cd /home
[root@control01 home]# ls
all-in-one  multinode
[root@control01 home]# cp multinode mymultinode
[root@control01 home]# vi mymultinode

[control]
controller  
[network]
controller
[compute]
compute
[monitoring]
controller
[storage]
storage
......

里面的内容很好理解,表示一个控制节点 controller,网络节点也安装到控制节点,一个计算节点 compute ,一个存储节点 storage,后面的部分不用修改

3)修改global和password配置文件

[root@control01 ~]# cd /etc/kolla/
[root@control01 kolla]# vi globals.yml
kolla_internal_vip_address: "192.168.128.85"    外部访问地址,如果是非HA环境,是控制节点IP

docker_registry: "192.168.128.77:4000"   镜像库,用部署节点的镜像库
docker_namespace: "99cloud"                 

network_interface: "eth0"   网络接口,默认就这一个接口,这里我们以eth0作为API网络                    
api_interface: "{{ network_interface }}"   用的是eth0
tunnel_interface: "eth1"                   eth1作为vxlan的承载网络
neutron_external_interface: "eth2"          eth2作为外部网络

enable_cinder: "yes"                启用cinder
enable_cinder_backend_lvm: "yes"    cinder后端用lvm
cinder_volume_group: "cinder-volumes"  

enable_haproxy: "no"   不启用haproxy

[root@control01 kolla]# vi passwords.yml
keystone_admin_password: admin  admin用户登录密码

4)部署前检查

[root@control01 ~]# cd /root/kolla-ansible-4.0.3.dev36/tools/
[root@control01 ~]# . kolla-ansible prechecks -i /home/mymultinode

报错 ImportError: No module named docker

TASK [prechecks : Checking docker-py version] **********************************
fatal: [compute]: FAILED! => {"changed": false, "cmd": ["/usr/bin/python", "-c", "import docker; print docker.__version__"], "delta": "0:00:00.012605", "end": "2017-12-02 20:57:39.611343", "failed": true, "failed_when_result": true, "rc": 1, "start": "2017-12-02 20:57:39.598738", "stderr": "Traceback (most recent call last):\n  File \"<string>\", line 1, in <module>\nImportError: No module named docker", "stdout": "", "stdout_lines": [], "warnings": []}
......

解决:在各个节点安装 python-docker-py

yum install python-docker-py

再次执行检查,没有问题,开始部署

5)部署

[root@control01 tools]# . kolla-ansible deploy -i /home/mymultinode

开始部署,等待大约20分钟,部署完成,一般不会有什么问题,如果有问题,则需要根据报错及容器日志查找原因 
这里写图片描述

登录dashboard 
http://192.168.128.85

这里写图片描述

登录系统,查看各个服务正常,表明部署成功。

可以通过docker ps命令查看各个节点运行的容器

[root@controller ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                         COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
a344f712eb4f        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-horizon:4.0.2.1                     "kolla_start"       43 minutes ago      Up 24 minutes                           horizon
7089aea91586        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-heat-engine:4.0.2.1                 "kolla_start"       45 minutes ago      Up 45 minutes                           heat_engine
071f259e23dc        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-heat-api-cfn:4.0.2.1                "kolla_start"       45 minutes ago      Up 45 minutes                           heat_api_cfn
d75bb72de87a        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-heat-api:4.0.2.1                    "kolla_start"       45 minutes ago      Up 45 minutes                           heat_api
824215d900c8        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-metadata-agent:4.0.2.1      "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           neutron_metadata_agent
c5f9262efdc5        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-l3-agent:4.0.2.1            "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           neutron_l3_agent
b2b47375d344        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-dhcp-agent:4.0.2.1          "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           neutron_dhcp_agent
9a36954ca062        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-openvswitch-agent:4.0.2.1   "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           neutron_openvswitch_agent
0b8bc000ccb3        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-server:4.0.2.1              "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           neutron_server
f822f81226d1        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-openvswitch-vswitchd:4.0.2.1        "kolla_start"       47 minutes ago      Up 47 minutes                           openvswitch_vswitchd
63af3bdb8e2d        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-openvswitch-db-server:4.0.2.1       "kolla_start"       48 minutes ago      Up 48 minutes                           openvswitch_db
b0b1a42a1a17        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-novncproxy:4.0.2.1             "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           nova_novncproxy
97277a9a1d14        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-consoleauth:4.0.2.1            "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           nova_consoleauth
1be7b07ba70a        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-conductor:4.0.2.1              "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           nova_conductor
ae94b6f70ebc        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-scheduler:4.0.2.1              "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           nova_scheduler
5975962a3c33        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-api:4.0.2.1                    "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           nova_api
0de1f8e33774        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-placement-api:4.0.2.1          "kolla_start"       50 minutes ago      Up 50 minutes                           placement_api
0efb76129caa        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cinder-scheduler:4.0.2.1            "kolla_start"       57 minutes ago      Up 57 minutes                           cinder_scheduler
2d50185586a8        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cinder-api:4.0.2.1                  "kolla_start"       57 minutes ago      Up 57 minutes                           cinder_api
5c4e87b1db04        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-glance-registry:4.0.2.1             "kolla_start"       58 minutes ago      Up 58 minutes                           glance_registry
635bc1f305a9        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-glance-api:4.0.2.1                  "kolla_start"       58 minutes ago      Up 58 minutes                           glance_api
de6ec58f6d6e        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-keystone:4.0.2.1                    "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        keystone
f881fe857541        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-rabbitmq:4.0.2.1                    "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        rabbitmq
ef6941e59581        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-mariadb:4.0.2.1                     "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        mariadb
022b6935fc16        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cron:4.0.2.1                        "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        cron
acdc83df5d52        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-kolla-toolbox:4.0.2.1               "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        kolla_toolbox
6f0a2b4fc44e        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-fluentd:4.0.2.1                     "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        fluentd
2b2f15895c0a        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-memcached:4.0.2.1                   "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        memcached
[root@compute ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                         COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
e99bdf6a6513        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-neutron-openvswitch-agent:4.0.2.1   "kolla_start"       48 minutes ago      Up 48 minutes                           neutron_openvswitch_agent
90621685744e        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-openvswitch-vswitchd:4.0.2.1        "kolla_start"       48 minutes ago      Up 48 minutes                           openvswitch_vswitchd
537a8f2dbf06        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-openvswitch-db-server:4.0.2.1       "kolla_start"       49 minutes ago      Up 49 minutes                           openvswitch_db
63761ee44b3c        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-compute:4.0.2.1                "kolla_start"       51 minutes ago      Up 51 minutes                           nova_compute
53b1784996c7        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-libvirt:4.0.2.1                "kolla_start"       51 minutes ago      Up 51 minutes                           nova_libvirt
292c7bcbd170        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-nova-ssh:4.0.2.1                    "kolla_start"       52 minutes ago      Up 52 minutes                           nova_ssh
64d2031a345d        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-iscsid:4.0.2.1                      "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        iscsid
04b2c9bd71e6        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cron:4.0.2.1                        "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        cron
c22eede98b72        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-kolla-toolbox:4.0.2.1               "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        kolla_toolbox
2478ceaa712a        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-fluentd:4.0.2.1                     "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        fluentd

[root@storage ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                             COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
91607ec544b1        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cinder-backup:4.0.2.1   "kolla_start"       55 minutes ago      Up 55 minutes                           cinder_backup
b40ad28f6f8b        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cinder-volume:4.0.2.1   "kolla_start"       55 minutes ago      Up 55 minutes                           cinder_volume
61ca356cbab1        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-tgtd:4.0.2.1            "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        tgtd
40e86a921d22        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-iscsid:4.0.2.1          "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        iscsid
0133da5c2ba9        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-cron:4.0.2.1            "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        cron
3bd6802e44ed        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-kolla-toolbox:4.0.2.1   "kolla_start"       About an hour ago   Up About an hour                        kolla_toolbox
e0187c061936        192.168.128.77:4000/99cloud/centos-source-fluentd:4.0.2.1         "kolla_star
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