debian配置网络及apt-get源

1 简介
    初始安装完debian 7.7.0时,需要首先配置网络及apt-get源,才能正常使用。
2 debian各个版本配置
    2.1 debian 7.7.0配置网络及apt-get源
    2.1.1 配置网络-静态IP

    修改文件/etc/network/interfaces
vi /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).


# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
    增加如下选项
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.1.18
netmask 255.255.255.0
gatway 192.168.1.1
    配置完成后文件信息为

    使网络配置生效
root@debian:~# ifdown eth0
root@debian:~# ifup eth0
    2.1.2 配置网络-DHCP方式(访问外网)
    修改文件/etc/network/interfaces
vi /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).


# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
    增加如下选项
allow-hotplug eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
    配置完成后文件信息为

    使网络配置生效
root@debian:~# ifdown eth0
root@debian:~# ifup eth0
    2.2 配置apt-get源
    2.2.1 默认从cd介质安装

    2.2.2 更改为网络源

root@debian:~# vi /etc/apt/sources.list
    首先屏蔽掉本地源
deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 7.7.0 _Wheezy_ - Official amd64 DVD Binary-1 2014101
8-13:06]/ wheezy contrib main

    然后添加列表到sources.list文件里
#在配置文件中增加163软件源。
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib
#在配置文件中增加163软件更新源。
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-updates main non-free contrib
#在配置文件中增加163安全软件更新源。
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main
    更新配置
root@debian:~# apt-get update
    测试安装一个htop组件
root@debian:~# apt-get install htop
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Suggested packages:
  strace ltrace
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  htop
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 63.7 kB of archives.
After this operation, 209 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze/main htop amd64 0.8.3-1 [63.7 kB]
Fetched 63.7 kB in 0s (99.9 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package htop.
(Reading database ... 25847 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking htop (from .../htop_0.8.3-1_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up htop (0.8.3-1) ...
    修改网络源成功!



****************************************************************************************
    原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/jesseyoung/article/details/41387393
    博客主页:http://blog.csdn.net/jesseyoung
****************************************************************************************
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页