C# 应用ServiceController控制自定义windows service

    在C#中,windows service专案编译部署后,可以通过ServiceController在外部对此Windows service加以控制:可以停止,可以重新启动等,也可以传递特定的指令给windows service,

windows service接收到这些指令后,可以根据定义做些特定的事情。

using System;
using System.ServiceProcess;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

namespace myScheduledJob
{
    public partial class ScheduledJob : ServiceBase
    {
        public ScheduledJob()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        protected override void OnStart(string[] args)
        {
            writeLog("windows service Started  at " + DateTime.Now.ToString());
        }

        protected override void OnStop()
        {
            writeLog("windows service Stoped  at " + DateTime.Now.ToString());
        }

        /// 
        /// 此方法用于接收特定的Command
        /// 
        /// command指令
        protected override void OnCustomeCommand(int command)
        {
            if (command >= 128 && command <= 255)
            {
                switch (command)
                {
                    case 140:
                        {
                            writeLog("windows service received command" + command);
                        }
                        break;
                    case 141:
                        {
                            writeLog("windows service received command" + command);
                        }
                        break;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                writeLog("service command is invalid");
            }
        }


        private void writeLog(string text)
        {
            Monitor.Enter(lockObject);
            System.IO.StreamWriter sw = null;
            try
            {
                string logPath = systemPath + @"/" + logForderPath;
                string logFile = logPath + "//" + DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMdd") + ".txt";
                string fullText = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss") + "/t" + text;
                checkFile(logFile);
                sw = System.IO.File.AppendText(logFile);
                sw.WriteLine(fullText);
                sw.Flush();
                sw.Close();
            }
            finally
            {
                Monitor.Exit(lockObject);
            }
        }

        private void checkFile(string fileName)
        {
            if (!System.IO.File.Exists(fileName))
            {
                System.IO.StreamWriter sw = System.IO.File.CreateText(fileName);
                sw.Close();
            }
        }
    }
}

需要注意的是:Command指令接收的参数限制:int, 128-255.

接下来通过如下测试代码演示上述内容:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Threading;
using System.ServiceProcess;

namespace fileSystemWatcherDemo
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Command();
        }

        private static void Command()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Please input the command:");
            string cmd = Console.ReadLine();

            Console.WriteLine("You have Input the " + cmd);

            if (cmd != "q")
            {
                sendCommandToService(cmd);

                Command();
            }
        }

        private static void sendCommandToService(string cmd)
        {
            try
            {
                ServiceController sc = new ServiceController();
                sc.MachineName = Environment.MachineName;
                sc.ServiceName = "myScheduledJob";
                sc.ExecuteCommand(Convert.ToInt32(cmd)); //使用此命令,Service必须是Started 状态,cmd必须是128-255之间整数
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException);
            }

            //利用ServiceController可以控制Windows Service
//if (sc.Status == ServiceControllerStatus.Stopped) // sc.Start(); //else // sc.Stop(); } } }
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