SpringMVC的WebMvcConfigurerAdapter

@EnableWebMvc

开启MVC配置,相当于

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

</beans>

Conversion and Formatting

配置convert和formatter的方法有两种,分别使用ConverterRegistry和FormatterRegistry
代码如下

使用注册工厂

package com.lf.web.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.convert.converter.Converter;
import org.springframework.core.convert.converter.ConverterRegistry;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by LF on 2017/5/6.
 */
@Configuration
public class MyConverterRegistry {
    @Autowired
    private ConverterRegistry converterRegistry;

    @PostConstruct
    public void init() {
        converterRegistry.addConverter(new StringToListConvert());
    }

    private static  class StringToListConvert implements Converter<String, List<String>> {
        @Override
        public List<String> convert(String source) {
            if (source == null) {
                return Arrays.asList();
            } else {
                String[] split = source.split(",");
                return Arrays.asList(split);
            }
        }
    }
}

package com.lf.web.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.format.Formatter;
import org.springframework.format.FormatterRegistry;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import java.text.ParseException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

/**
 * Created by LF on 2017/5/6.
 */
@Configuration
public class MyFormatterRegistry {

    @Autowired
    private FormatterRegistry formatterRegistry;

    @PostConstruct
    public void init() {
        formatterRegistry.addFormatter(new StringDateFormatter());
    }


    public static class StringDateFormatter implements Formatter<List> {
        //解析接口,根据Locale信息解析字符串到T类型的对象;

        @Override
        public List parse(String text, Locale locale) throws ParseException {
            return null;
        }

        //格式化显示接口,将T类型的对象根据Locale信息以某种格式进行打印显示(即返回字符串形式);
        @Override
        public String print(List object, Locale locale) {
            return "我是格式化的日期";
        }
    }
}

WebMvcConfigurerAdapter

package com.lf.web;

import com.lf.web.convert.StringToListConvert;
import com.lf.web.formatter.StringDateFormatter;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.format.FormatterRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ViewResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ViewResolverRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;

/**
 * Created by LF on 2017/5/4.
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
@ComponentScan//组件扫描
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void addFormatters(FormatterRegistry registry) {
        super.addFormatters(registry);
        registry.addFormatter(new StringDateFormatter());
        registry.addConverter(new StringToListConvert());
    }
    }

使用xml配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation-driven conversion-service="conversionService"/>

    <bean id="conversionService"
            class="org.springframework.format.support.FormattingConversionServiceFactoryBean">
        <property name="converters">
            <set>
                <bean class="com.lf.web.convert.StringToListConvert"/>
            </set>
        </property>
        <property name="formatters">
            <set>
                <bean class="com.lf.web.formatter.StringDateFormatter"/>
            </set>
        </property>
        <property name="formatterRegistrars">
            <set>
                <bean class="com.lf.web.formatter.StringDateFormatter"/>
            </set>
        </property>
    </bean>

</beans>

Interceptors

拦截器的实现

package com.lf.web;

import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerInterceptorAdapter;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

/**
 * Created by LF on 2017/5/7.
 */
public class MyHandlerInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {

    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("===========HandlerInterceptor1 preHandle");
        return super.preHandle(request, response, handler);
    }

    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
        super.postHandle(request, response, handler, modelAndView);
        System.out.println("===========HandlerInterceptor1 postHandle");
    }

    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, Exception ex) throws Exception {
        super.afterCompletion(request, response, handler, ex);
        System.out.println("===========HandlerInterceptor1 afterCompletion");
    }
}

xml配置

<bean id="handlerInterceptor1"   class="com.lf.web.MyHandlerInterceptor"/>  
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.BeanNameUrlHandlerMapping">  
    <property name="interceptors">  
        <list>  
           <ref bean="handlerInterceptor1"/>  
          <ref bean="handlerInterceptor2"/>  
        </list>  
    </property>  
</bean> 

<mvc:interceptors>
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.i18n.LocaleChangeInterceptor"/>
    <mvc:interceptor>
        <mvc:mapping path="/**"/>
        <mvc:exclude-mapping path="/admin/**"/>
        <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.theme.ThemeChangeInterceptor"/>
    </mvc:interceptor>
    <mvc:interceptor>
        <mvc:mapping path="/secure/*"/>
        <bean class="org.example.SecurityInterceptor"/>
    </mvc:interceptor>
</mvc:interceptors>

使用Java配置

package com.lf.web;

import com.lf.web.convert.StringToListConvert;
import com.lf.web.formatter.StringDateFormatter;
import com.lf.web.interceptor.MyHandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.format.FormatterRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ViewResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.*;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;

/**
 * Created by LF on 2017/5/4.
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
@ComponentScan//组件扫描
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        super.addInterceptors(registry);
        registry.addInterceptor(new MyHandlerInterceptor()).addPathPatterns("/").excludePathPatterns("/admin");    }
    }

configureContentNegotiation

ContentNegotiatingViewResolver是 ViewResolver 使用所请求的媒体类型的一个实现(基于文件类型扩展,输出格式URL参数指定类型或接受报头)来选择一个合适的视图一个请求。ContentNegotiatingViewResolver本身并不解决视图,只不表示为其他的 ViewResolver,您可以配置来处理特定的视图(XML,JSON,PDF,XLS,HTML,..)。

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
@ComponentScan//组件扫描
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {


    @Override
    public void configureContentNegotiation(ContentNegotiationConfigurer configurer) {
        configurer.mediaType("json", MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON);
    }
    }
<mvc:annotation-driven content-negotiation-manager="contentNegotiationManager"/>

<bean id="contentNegotiationManager" class="org.springframework.web.accept.ContentNegotiationManagerFactoryBean">
    <property name="mediaTypes">
        <value>
            json=application/json
            xml=application/xml
        </value>
    </property>
</bean>

View

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void addViewControllers(ViewControllerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addViewController("/").setViewName("home");
    }

}
<mvc:view-controller path="/" view-name="home"/>

View Resolvers

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configureViewResolvers(ViewResolverRegistry registry) {
        registry.enableContentNegotiation(new MappingJackson2JsonView());
        registry.jsp();
    }

}
<mvc:view-resolvers>
    <mvc:content-negotiation>
        <mvc:default-views>
            <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.json.MappingJackson2JsonView"/>
        </mvc:default-views>
    </mvc:content-negotiation>
    <mvc:jsp/>
</mvc:view-resolvers>

Resources

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addResourceHandler("/resources/**").addResourceLocations("/public-resources/");
    }

}
<mvc:resources mapping="/resources/**" location="/public-resources/"/>
@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configureDefaultServletHandling(DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer configurer) {
        configurer.enable();
    }

}
<mvc:default-servlet-handler/>
@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configureDefaultServletHandling(DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer configurer) {
        configurer.enable("myCustomDefaultServlet");
    }

}

Path Matching

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configurePathMatch(PathMatchConfigurer configurer) {
        configurer
            .setUseSuffixPatternMatch(true)
            .setUseTrailingSlashMatch(false)
            .setUseRegisteredSuffixPatternMatch(true)
            .setPathMatcher(antPathMatcher())
            .setUrlPathHelper(urlPathHelper());
    }

    @Bean
    public UrlPathHelper urlPathHelper() {
        //...
    }

    @Bean
    public PathMatcher antPathMatcher() {
        //...
    }

}

Message Converters

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfiguration extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configureMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder builder = new Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder()
                .indentOutput(true)
                .dateFormat(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd"))
                .modulesToInstall(new ParameterNamesModule());
        converters.add(new MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter(builder.build()));
        converters.add(new MappingJackson2XmlHttpMessageConverter(builder.xml().build()));
    }

}

示例代码

http://git.oschina.net/null_064_8008/SpringLearning/tree/master/MyWebMvcConfigurerAdapter?dir=1&filepath=MyWebMvcConfigurerAdapter&oid=9ecf2ab051dbb20d5c96eab64febf5bf878f3369&sha=d11b80c3deb543bc418274e53e4a792d4a42dfca

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