SparkStreaming Direct 方式中手动管理 Kafka Offset 的示例代码

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Lin_wj1995/article/details/80080359

在大数据的场景下,流式处理都会借助 Kafka 作为消息接入的中间件,且 SparkStreaming 中 Direct 方式的优越性,现在可以说都使用 Direct 方式来获取 Kafka 数据

Direct 方式是采用 Kafka 低级的 API 来获取数据,也就是说我们要自己来管理 这个offset
SparkStreaming 中可以用 StreamingContext 的 checkpiont 方法来自动帮我们管理 offset。但是有一些缺点:

  • checkpoint 是在每次处理完成后自动帮我们提交的,但是如果我们想实现 at most onec 语义时,checkpoint就不满足
  • 当 Spark 版本升级后,新版本不识别老版本 checkpoint 的信息

所以我们可以自己手动来管理 offset 来达到不同语义的要求,下面是将 offset 保存到 zookeeper 的样例代码:

main类:

import kafka.message.MessageAndMetadata
import kafka.serializer.StringDecoder
import org.apache.spark.SparkConf
import org.apache.spark.streaming.kafka.{HasOffsetRanges, OffsetRange, KafkaUtils}
import org.apache.spark.streaming.{Seconds, StreamingContext}
import sql.StreamingExamples

object OffsetTest extends App{
  StreamingExamples.setStreamingLogLevels()
  val topic = "iso8583-r3p3"
  val brokers = "ido001.gzcb.com:9092,ido002.gzcb.com:9092,ido003.gzcb.com:9092"

  val sparkConf = new SparkConf().setAppName("Iso8583_KafkaDirect").setIfMissing("spark.master","local[*]")
  val ssc = new StreamingContext(sparkConf, Seconds(3))

  val fromOffSets = ZkUtil.getOffset(topic)
  val messageHandler = (mmd: MessageAndMetadata[String,String]) => (mmd.message())
  val kafkaParams = Map[String, String]("metadata.broker.list" -> brokers, "group.id" -> "lwj")
  val messages = KafkaUtils.createDirectStream[String, String, StringDecoder, StringDecoder, String](ssc, kafkaParams, fromOffSets, messageHandler)

  //保存每个批次的offset
  var offsetRanges = Array[OffsetRange]()
  messages.transform(rdd => {
    offsetRanges = rdd.asInstanceOf[HasOffsetRanges].offsetRanges
    rdd
  }).foreachRDD(rdd => {
    //offset管理
    val offsets = scala.collection.mutable.ArrayBuffer[String]()
    for (o <- offsetRanges){
      println(s"${o.topic} ${o.partition} ${o.fromOffset} ${o.untilOffset}")
      offsets += s"${o.topic},${o.partition},${o.untilOffset}"
    }
    //todo offset保存的时间点 根据需求而定
    ZkUtil.setOffset(offsets.toArray)

    //todo 业务逻辑
    println("#################")
    //rdd.foreach(println)
    println(rdd.count())
  })

  ssc.start()
  ssc.awaitTermination()
}

ZkUtil 工具类:

import java.util
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch
import kafka.common.TopicAndPartition
import org.apache.zookeeper.Watcher.Event
import org.apache.zookeeper._

/**
  * Zookeeper工具类
  *
  * @author lwj
  * @date 2018/04/25
  */
object ZkUtil extends Watcher with Serializable{

  protected var countDownLatch: CountDownLatch = new CountDownLatch(1)
  override def process(event: WatchedEvent): Unit = {
    if (event.getState eq Event.KeeperState.SyncConnected) {
      countDownLatch.countDown
    }
  }

  val zk = new ZooKeeper("181.137.128.151:2181,181.137.128.152:2181,181.137.128.153:2181", 5000, ZkUtil)
  val parentPath = "/lwj"
  //默认partition的数量
  val initPartitions = 3
  //默认offset的值
  val initOffset = 0+""
  //这里虽然没有显示的调用,但是会被执行
  if (zk.exists(parentPath, false) == null){
    zk.create(parentPath, "0".getBytes, ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.PERSISTENT)
  }

  /**
    * 通过topic获取partition以及相应的offset
    *
    * @param topic
    * @return
    */
  def getOffset(topic:String): Map[TopicAndPartition, Long] ={
    val zkPath = parentPath + "/" + topic
    val map = scala.collection.mutable.Map[TopicAndPartition, Long]()

    /**
      * 如果topic节点不存在,那么就创建
      * 并且直接初始化partition节点,而且初始化值都为 initOffset
      */
    if (zk.exists(zkPath, false) == null){
      zk.create(zkPath, "0".getBytes, ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.PERSISTENT)
      for(i <- 0 to initPartitions - 1){
        zk.create(zkPath + "/" + i, initOffset.getBytes, ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.PERSISTENT)
      }
    }
    /**
      * 返回offset
      */
    val children = zk.getChildren(zkPath, false)
    val iterator: util.Iterator[String] = children.iterator()
    while (iterator.hasNext){
        val child: String = iterator.next()
        val offset = new String(zk.getData(zkPath +"/"+ child, false, null))
        val tp = new TopicAndPartition(topic, child.toInt)
        map += (tp -> offset.toLong)

    }
    map.toMap
  }

  /**
    * 设置偏移量
    *
    * @param offsets "topic,partition,offset"
    */
  def setOffset(offsets : Array[String]): Unit ={
    offsets.foreach(off =>{
      val splits: Array[String] = off.split(",")
      val partitionPath = parentPath + "/" + splits(0) + "/" + splits(1)
      if (zk.exists(partitionPath, false) == null){
        //默认值是0
        zk.create(partitionPath, splits(2).getBytes, ZooDefs.Ids.OPEN_ACL_UNSAFE, CreateMode.PERSISTENT)
      }else{
        zk.setData(partitionPath, splits(2).getBytes, -1)
      }
    })
  }
}

以上代码仅供参考,有什么问题或者更好的想法可以留言讨论讨论哈~

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