Duff in the Army codeforces 588E 树上主席树+lca

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Littlewhite520/article/details/79326164

Recently Duff has been a soldier in the army. Malek is her commander.

Their country, Andarz Gu has n cities (numbered from 1 to n) and n - 1 bidirectional roads. Each road connects two different cities. There exist a unique path between any two cities.

There are also m people living in Andarz Gu (numbered from 1 to m). Each person has and ID number. ID number of i - th person is i and he/she lives in city number ci. Note that there may be more than one person in a city, also there may be no people living in the city.

Malek loves to order. That’s why he asks Duff to answer to q queries. In each query, he gives her numbers v, u and a.

To answer a query:

Assume there are x people living in the cities lying on the path from city v to city u. Assume these people’s IDs are p1, p2, …, px in increasing order.

If k = min(x, a), then Duff should tell Malek numbers k, p1, p2, …, pk in this order. In the other words, Malek wants to know a minimums on that path (or less, if there are less than a people).

Duff is very busy at the moment, so she asked you to help her and answer the queries.

Input
The first line of input contains three integers, n, m and q (1 ≤ n, m, q ≤ 105).

The next n - 1 lines contain the roads. Each line contains two integers v and u, endpoints of a road (1 ≤ v, u ≤ n, v ≠ u).

Next line contains m integers c1, c2, …, cm separated by spaces (1 ≤ ci ≤ n for each 1 ≤ i ≤ m).

Next q lines contain the queries. Each of them contains three integers, v, u and a (1 ≤ v, u ≤ n and 1 ≤ a ≤ 10).

Output
For each query, print numbers k, p1, p2, …, pk separated by spaces in one line.

Example
Input
5 4 5
1 3
1 2
1 4
4 5
2 1 4 3
4 5 6
1 5 2
5 5 10
2 3 3
5 3 1
Output
1 3
2 2 3
0
3 1 2 4
1 2
Note
Graph of Andarz Gu in the sample case is as follows (ID of people in each city are written next to them):

一开始看错题了= =题意是:给一棵树n个点,再给m个人,说明m个人所在的点同时每个人都有一个编号i,
你的任务就是找到 u v这条路的前k个人,输出其编号。

树上主席书+lca

一开始写的版本:

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int N = 1e5+100;
int n,m,q;
int sum[N*40],ls[N*40],rs[N*40],root[N];
int f[N][20],dep[N];
vector<int> e[N],v,num[N];
int sze;

void update(int pre,int &now,int l,int r,int d,int val)
{
    now=++sze;
    ls[now]=ls[pre],rs[now]=rs[pre];
    sum[now]=sum[pre]+val;
    if(l==r) return ;
    int mid=(l+r)>>1;
    if(d<=mid) update(ls[pre],ls[now],l,mid,d,val);
    else update(rs[pre],rs[now],mid+1,r,d,val);
}


void dfs(int x,int y)
{
    //build(root[y],root[x],1,m); 本来这样写的,但是这样写会re
    root[x]=root[y];//复制上一棵树,不用重新build,获取头节点就好
    if(num[x].size())
    {
    for(int i=0;i<num[x].size();i++)
    update(root[x],root[x],1,m,num[x][i],1);
    }
    dep[x]=dep[y]+1;
    for(int i=0;i<e[x].size();i++)
    {
        if(e[x][i]==y) continue;
        int v=e[x][i];
        f[v][0]=x;
        for(int j=1;f[f[v][j-1]][j-1];j++)
        f[v][j]=f[f[v][j-1]][j-1];
        dfs(v,x);
    }
}

int lca(int x,int y)
{
    if(dep[x]<dep[y])swap(x,y);
    int t=dep[x]-dep[y];
    for(int i=0;i<=16;i++)
        if((1<<i)&t)x=f[x][i];
    for(int i=16;i>=0;i--)
        if(f[x][i]!=f[y][i])
            x=f[x][i],y=f[y][i];
    if(x==y)return x;
    return f[x][0];
}

void ask(int aa,int bb,int cc,int dd,int l,int r,int k)
{
       // cout<<sum[ls[aa]]<<" "<<sum[ls[bb]]<<" "<<sum[ls[cc]]<<" "<<sum[ls[dd]]<<endl;
    int re=sum[ls[aa]]+sum[ls[bb]]-sum[ls[cc]]-sum[ls[dd]];
    int hh=sum[rs[aa]]+sum[rs[bb]]-sum[rs[cc]]-sum[rs[dd]];
    if(l==r)
    {
        if(sum[aa]+sum[bb]-sum[cc]-sum[dd])
        v.push_back(l);
        return ;
    }
    int mid=(l+r)>>1;
    if(re)
     ask(ls[aa],ls[bb],ls[cc],ls[dd],l,mid,k);
    if(hh&&k-re>0)
     ask(rs[aa],rs[bb],rs[cc],rs[dd],mid+1,r,k-re);
}

int main()
{
    sze=0;

    scanf("%d%d%d",&n,&m,&q);
    for(int i=1;i<n;i++){
        int u,v;
        scanf("%d%d",&u,&v);
        e[u].push_back(v);
        e[v].push_back(u);
    }
    for(int i=1;i<=m;i++)
    {
        int d;
        scanf("%d",&d);
        num[d].push_back(i);
    }

    dfs(1,0);
    for(int i=1;i<=q;i++)
    {
        int u,vv,k;
        scanf("%d%d%d",&u,&vv,&k);
        v.clear();
        int tt=lca(u,vv);       
        ask(root[u],root[vv],root[tt],root[f[tt][0]],1,m,k); 

        printf("%d",v.size() );  
        for(int j=0;j<v.size();j++)
            printf(" %d",v[j] );
        printf("\n");
    }
}

后来改善了下 发现更方便的写法是每次都找到第k个点就好,反正最多10个

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int N = 1e5+100;
int n,m,q;
int sum[N*40],ls[N*40],rs[N*40],root[N];
int f[N][20],dep[N];
vector<int> e[N],v,num[N];
int sze;

void build(int pre,int &now,int l,int r)
{
    now=++sze;
    ls[now]=ls[pre];
    rs[now]=rs[pre];
    sum[now]=sum[pre];
    if(l==r)
        return ;
    int mid=(l+r)>>1;
    build(ls[pre],ls[now],l,mid);
    build(rs[pre],rs[now],mid+1,r);
}

void update(int pre,int &now,int l,int r,int d,int val)
{
    now=++sze;
    ls[now]=ls[pre],rs[now]=rs[pre];
    sum[now]=sum[pre]+val;
    if(l==r) return ;
    int mid=(l+r)>>1;
    if(d<=mid) update(ls[pre],ls[now],l,mid,d,val);
    else update(rs[pre],rs[now],mid+1,r,d,val);
}


void dfs(int x,int y)
{
    // build(root[y],root[x],1,m);
    root[x]=root[y];
    if(num[x].size())
    {
    for(int i=0;i<num[x].size();i++)
    update(root[x],root[x],1,m,num[x][i],1);
    }
    dep[x]=dep[y]+1;
    for(int i=0;i<e[x].size();i++)
    {
        if(e[x][i]==y) continue;
        int v=e[x][i];
        f[v][0]=x;
        for(int j=1;f[f[v][j-1]][j-1];j++)
        f[v][j]=f[f[v][j-1]][j-1];
        dfs(v,x);
    }
}

int lca(int x,int y)
{
    if(dep[x]<dep[y])swap(x,y);
    int t=dep[x]-dep[y];
    for(int i=0;i<=16;i++)
        if((1<<i)&t)x=f[x][i];
    for(int i=16;i>=0;i--)
        if(f[x][i]!=f[y][i])
            x=f[x][i],y=f[y][i];
    if(x==y)return x;
    return f[x][0];
}

int ask(int aa,int bb,int cc,int dd,int l,int r,int k)
{
       // cout<<sum[ls[aa]]<<" "<<sum[ls[bb]]<<" "<<sum[ls[cc]]<<" "<<sum[ls[dd]]<<endl;
    int re=sum[ls[aa]]+sum[ls[bb]]-sum[ls[cc]]-sum[ls[dd]]; 

    if(l==r)
    {
        // cout<<l<<endl;
        if(k==(sum[aa]+sum[bb]-sum[cc]-sum[dd]))
        return l;
        else return 0;
    }
    int mid=(l+r)>>1;
    if(k<=re)
    {
        return ask(ls[aa],ls[bb],ls[cc],ls[dd],l,mid,k);
    }
    else return ask(rs[aa],rs[bb],rs[cc],rs[dd],mid+1,r,k-re);
}

int main()
{
    sze=0;

    scanf("%d%d%d",&n,&m,&q);
    for(int i=1;i<n;i++){
        int u,v;
        scanf("%d%d",&u,&v);
        e[u].push_back(v);
        e[v].push_back(u);
    }
    for(int i=1;i<=m;i++)
    {
        int d;
        scanf("%d",&d);
        num[d].push_back(i);
    }

    dfs(1,0);
    for(int i=1;i<=q;i++)
    {
        int u,vv,k;
        scanf("%d%d%d",&u,&vv,&k);
        v.clear();
        int tt=lca(u,vv);       
        for(int j=1;j<=k;j++)
        {
            int hh=ask(root[u],root[vv],root[tt],root[f[tt][0]],1,m,j);
            if(hh)
            v.push_back(hh);
        }
        printf("%d",v.size() );  
        for(int j=0;j<v.size();j++)
            printf(" %d",v[j] );
        printf("\n");
    }
}
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