asp.net(C#)批量上传图片(完整版)

 

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/felix-wang/p/6343590.html

这篇关于ASP.Net批量上传图片的文章写得非常好,偶尔在网上看到想转载到这里,却费劲了周折。为了更新这篇文章,我用了近半个小时,网上的转载都残缺不全,希望大家有用的参考一下,作者写的非常好。

因本网站上传图片的需要,参考很多成熟的经验,在ASP.net平台上使用C#语言,做了这一自动批量上传图片的.ASPX文件,并经调试成功,在本网站上使用,现发出来供大家参考,也希望高手多加指点。

本程序主要功能有:

(1)可以根据自己的需要更改上传到服务器上的目录,上传的源图、缩略图、文字水印图和图片水印图分别存入所定目录下的不同目录;

(2)自动检查目录,如无所选择的目录,则自动创建它们;

(3)自行设定生成缩略图的大小;

(4)可以选择是否需要生成文字水印、图片水印,默认为不生成水印图;

(5)可以添加、删除所需上传的图片。

在本程序中均加了相关注释,所以直接发代码,不再多作解释。

后台程序:

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Xml.Linq;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
///

/// FileUpload1.HasFile  如果是true,则表示该控件有文件要上传
/// FileUpload1.FileName  返回要上传文件的名称,不包含路径信息
/// FileUpload1.FileContent  返回一个指向上传文件的流对象
/// FileUpload1.PostedFile   返回已经上传文件的引用
/// FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentLength  返回上传文件的按字节表示的文件大小
/// FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentType    返回上传文件的MIME内容类型,也就是文件类型,如返回"image/jpg"
/// FileUpload1.PostedFile.FileName       返回文件在客户端的完全路径(包括文件名全称)
/// FileUpload1.PostedFile.InputStream    返回一个指向上传文件的流对象
/// FileInfo对象表示磁盘或网络位置上的文件。提供文件的路径,就可以创建一个FileInfo对象:
///
public partial class BackManagement_ImagesUpload : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    public string treePath = "";
    public int imageW = 100;
    public int imageH = 100;
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        this.Button5.Attributes.Add("Onclick", "window.close();"); //在本地关闭当前页,而不需要发送到服务器去关闭当前页时
        if (!Page.IsPostBack)
        {
            Label2.Text = Server.MapPath("/");
            TextBox3.Text = "ImageUpload";
            treePath = Server.MapPath("/") + TextBox3.Text.Trim() + "/";
            TextBox4.Text = imageW.ToString();
            TextBox5.Text = imageH.ToString();
        }
    }
    protected void btnload_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //如果保存图片的目录不存在,由创建它
        treePath = Server.MapPath("/") + TextBox3.Text.Trim() + "/";
        imageW = Convert.ToInt32(TextBox4.Text.ToString());
        imageH = Convert.ToInt32(TextBox5.Text.ToString());
        if (!File.Exists(treePath + "images"))   //如果/ImageUpload/images不存在,则创建/ImageUpload/images,用于存放源图片
        {
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(treePath + "images");
        }
        if (!File.Exists(treePath + "thumbnails"))   //如果/ImageUpload/thumbnails不存在,则创建/ImageUpload/thumbnails,用于存放缩略图片
        {
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(treePath + "thumbnails");
        }
        if (!File.Exists(treePath + "textImages"))   //如果/ImageUpload/textImages不存在,则创建/ImageUpload/textImages,用于存文字水印图片
        {
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(treePath + "textImages");
        }
        if (!File.Exists(treePath + "waterImages"))   //如果/ImageUpload/waterImages不存在,则创建/ImageUpload/waterImages
                                                                                     //用于存图形水印图片
        {
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(treePath + "waterImages");
        }
        if (FileUpload1.HasFile)   //如果是true,则表示该控件有文件要上传
        {
            string fileContentType = FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentType;
            if (fileContentType == "image/bmp" || fileContentType == "image/gif" || fileContentType == "image/pjpeg")
            {
                string name = FileUpload1.PostedFile.FileName;         //返回文件在客户端的完全路径(包括文件名全称)
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(name);          //FileInfo对象表示磁盘或网络位置上的文件。提供文件的路径,就可以创建一个FileInfo对象:
                string fileName = file.Name;                     // 文件名称
                string fileName_s = "x_" + file.Name;     // 缩略图文件名称
                string fileName_sy = "text_" + file.Name;                              // 水印图文件名称(文字)
                string fileName_syp = "water_" + file.Name;                            // 水印图文件名称(图片)
                string webFilePath = treePath + "images/" + fileName;          // 服务器端文件路径
                string webFilePath_s = treePath + "thumbnails/" + fileName_s;    // 服务器端缩略图路径
                string webFilePath_sy = treePath + "textImages/" + fileName_sy;   // 服务器端带水印图路径(文字)
                string webFilePath_syp = treePath + "waterImages/" + fileName_syp; // 服务器端带水印图路径(图片)
                string webFilePath_sypf = Server.MapPath("../images/tzwhx.png");               // 服务器端水印图路径(图片)
                
                if (!File.Exists(webFilePath))
                {
                    try
                    {
                        FileUpload1.SaveAs(webFilePath);                                // 使用 SaveAs 方法保存文件
                        if (CheckBox1.Checked)                                          //是否生成文字水印图
                        {
                            AddWater(webFilePath, webFilePath_sy);
                        }
                        if (CheckBox2.Checked)                                          //是否生成图形水印图
                        {
                            AddWaterPic(webFilePath, webFilePath_syp, webFilePath_sypf);
                        }
                        MakeThumbnail(webFilePath, webFilePath_s, imageW, imageH, "Cut");     // 生成缩略图方法
                        Label1.Text = "提示:文件“" + fileName + "”成功上传,并生成“" + fileName_s + "”缩略图,文件类型为:" + FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentType + ",文件大小为:" + FileUpload1.PostedFile.ContentLength + "B";
                        Image1.ImageUrl = "/" + TextBox3.Text.ToString() + "/images/" + fileName;
                        TextBox1.Text = webFilePath;
                        TextBox2.Text = "/" + TextBox3.Text.ToString() + "/images/" + fileName;
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        Label1.Text = "提示:文件上传失败,失败原因:" + ex.Message;
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    Label1.Text = "提示:文件已经存在,请重命名后上传";
                }
            }
            else
            {
                Label1.Text = "提示:文件类型不符";
            }
        }
    }

相关联的图片处理方法:

/// 〈summary>
    /// 生成缩略图
    /// 〈/summary>
    /// 〈param name="originalImagePath">源图路径(物理路径)〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="thumbnailPath">缩略图路径(物理路径)〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="width">缩略图宽度〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="height">缩略图高度〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="mode">生成缩略图的方式〈/param>    
    public static void MakeThumbnail(string originalImagePath, string thumbnailPath, int width, int height, string mode)
    {
        System.Drawing.Image riginalImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(originalImagePath);
        int towidth = width;
        int toheight = height;
        int x = 0;
        int y = 0;
        int w = originalImage.Width;
        int h = originalImage.Height;
        switch (mode)
        {
            case "HW"://指定高宽缩放(可能变形)                
                break;
            case "W"://指定宽,高按比例                    
                toheight = originalImage.Height * width / originalImage.Width;
                break;
            case "H"://指定高,宽按比例
                towidth = originalImage.Width * height / originalImage.Height;
                break;
            case "Cut"://指定高宽裁减(不变形)                
                if ((double)originalImage.Width / (double)originalImage.Height > (double)towidth / (double)toheight)
                {
                    h = originalImage.Height;
                    w = originalImage.Height * towidth / toheight;
                    y = 0;
                    x = (originalImage.Width - ow) / 2;
                }
                else
                {
                    w = originalImage.Width;
                    h = originalImage.Width * height / towidth;
                    x = 0;
                    y = (originalImage.Height - oh) / 2;
                }
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
        //新建一个bmp图片
        System.Drawing.Image bitmap = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(towidth, toheight);
        //新建一个画板
        System.Drawing.Graphics g = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bitmap);
        //设置高质量插值法
        g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;
        //设置高质量,低速度呈现平滑程度
        g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
        //清空画布并以透明背景色填充
        g.Clear(System.Drawing.Color.Transparent);
        //在指定位置并且按指定大小绘制原图片的指定部分
        g.DrawImage(originalImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, towidth, toheight),
            new System.Drawing.Rectangle(x, y, ow, oh),
            System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
        try
        {
            //以jpg格式保存缩略图
            bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
        }
        catch (System.Exception e)
        {
            throw e;
        }
        finally
        {
            originalImage.Dispose();
            bitmap.Dispose();
            g.Dispose();
        }
    }

 

/// 〈summary>
    /// 在图片上增加文字水印
    /// 〈/summary>
    /// 〈param name="Path">原服务器图片路径〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="Path_sy">生成的带文字水印的图片路径〈/param>
    protected void AddWater(string Path, string Path_sy)
    {
        string addText = "www.biye5u.com";
        System.Drawing.Image image = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(Path);
        System.Drawing.Graphics g = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(image);
        g.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, image.Width, image.Height);
        System.Drawing.Font f = new System.Drawing.Font("Verdana", 10);    //字体位置为左空10
        System.Drawing.Brush b = new System.Drawing.SolidBrush(System.Drawing.Color.Green);
        g.DrawString(addText, f, b, 14, 14);    //字体大小为14X14
        g.Dispose();
        image.Save(Path_sy);
        image.Dispose();
    }

    /// 〈summary>
    /// 在图片上生成图片水印
    /// 〈/summary>
    /// 〈param name="Path">原服务器图片路径〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="Path_syp">生成的带图片水印的图片路径〈/param>
    /// 〈param name="Path_sypf">水印图片路径〈/param>
    protected void AddWaterPic(string Path, string Path_syp, string Path_sypf)
    {
        System.Drawing.Image image = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(Path);
        System.Drawing.Image copyImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(Path_sypf);
        System.Drawing.Graphics g = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(image);
        g.DrawImage(copyImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(image.Width - copyImage.Width, image.Height - copyImage.Height, copyImage.Width, copyImage.Height), 0, 0, copyImage.Width, copyImage.Height, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
        g.Dispose();
        image.Save(Path_syp);
        image.Dispose();
    }
    protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //自动保存远程图片
        WebClient client = new WebClient();
        //备用Reg:〈img.*?src=([\"\'])(http:\/\/.+\.(jpg|gif|bmp|bnp))\1.*?>
        Regex reg = new Regex("IMG[^>]*?src\\s*=\\s*(?:\"(?〈1>[^\"]*)\"|'(?〈1>[^\']*)')", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);
        MatchCollection m = reg.Matches(TextBox1.Text);
        foreach (Match math in m)
        {
            string imgUrl = math.Groups[1].Value;
            //在原图片名称前加YYMMDD重名名并上传
            Regex regName = new Regex(@"\w+.(?:jpg|gif|bmp|png)", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);
            string strNewImgName = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString().Replace("-", "") + regName.Match(imgUrl).ToString();
            try
            {
                //保存图片
                //client.DownloadFile(imgUrl, Server.MapPath("../ImageUpload/Auto/" + strNewImgName));
                
            }
            catch
            {
            }
            finally
            {
            }
            client.Dispose();
        }
        Response.Write("〈script>alert('远程图片保存成功,保存路径为ImageUpload/auto')〈/script>");
    }
}

  前台代码:

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="ImagesAutoUpload.aspx.cs" Inherits="BackManagement_ImagesAutoUpload" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>自动上传图片并加文字水印</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form. id="form1" runat="server" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <label for="pagebody1" style="display: none">
    </label>
    <fieldset id="container">
        <legend>上传图片并加文字水印</legend>
        <div class="window" style="list-style. none;">
            <div style="padding: 0px; width: 808px; height: 200px; float: left; margin-right: 0px;">
                <ul>
                    <li style="width: 150px; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; float: left;">
                        <asp:Image ID="Image1" runat="server" Height="200px" BorderWidth="2px" Width="150px"  ImageUrl="~/images/Jpg/135X67/0_11_16.gif" />
                    </li>
                    <li style="width: 250px; margin: 0px;">
                        <asp:ListBox ID="FileList" runat="server" Width="250px" Height="200px"></asp:ListBox>
                    </li>
                    <li style="width: 400px; margin: 0px; float: right;">    <br />
                        (1)图片将保存在你网站根目录中,你可以修改它,但建议你使用默认目录。
                        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox3" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
                        <br />
                        (2)上传图片保存在所建目录的子目录 /images下;缩略图在 /thumbnails下;文字水印图在 /textImages下;图形水印图在 /waterImages目录下。<br />
                        (3)生成的缩略图的默认宽度和高度均为100px,你也可以修改它们,
                        宽为: 
                        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox4" runat="server" Width="54px"></asp:TextBox>
                        高为:
                        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox5" runat="server" Width="56px"></asp:TextBox> <br />
                        <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" Text="文字水印" />
                        <asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox2" runat="server" Text="图形水印" />
                            你可以选择是否生成水印图,默认不生成。 
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div>
            <asp:FileUpload ID="FindFile" runat="server" Width="529px" />
        </div>
        <div>
            <asp:TextBox ID="TipInfo" runat="server" Width="400px"></asp:TextBox>
            <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server" Width="400px"></asp:TextBox>
        </div>
        <div>
            <asp:Button ID="Upload" runat="server" Text="上  传" Style="height: 26px" nClick="Upload_Click" />
            <asp:Button ID="AddFile" runat="server" Text="添  加" nClick="AddFile_Click1" />
            <asp:Button ID="AddAllFile" runat="server" Text="全部添加" nClick="AddAllFile_Click"  Enabled="False" />
            <asp:Button ID="DelFile" runat="server" Text="删  除" nClick="DelFile_Click1" />
            <asp:Button ID="btnExit" runat="server" Text="完  成" />
        </div>
        <div>
            
        </div>
    </fieldset>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

 另外,为解决大文件上传的限制,你必须在Web.config中加入以下代码。 

 <system.web>
     <httpRuntime executionTimeout="90" maxRequestLength="20000"                 useFullyQualifiedRedirectUrl="false" requestLengthDiskThreshold="8192"/>
 </system.web>

 

 

 

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