update

If run without any packages, update will update every currently installed package. If one
or more packages or package globs are specified, Yum will only update the listed packages.
While updating packages, yum will ensure that all dependencies are satisfied. (See
Specifying package names for more information) If the packages or globs specified match to
packages which are not currently installed then update will not install them. update
operates on groups, files, provides and filelists just like the "install" command. If the
main obsoletes configure option is true (default) or the --obsoletes flag is present yum
will include package obsoletes in its calculations - this makes it better for distro-
version changes, for example: upgrading from somelinux 8.0 to somelinux 9.

Is the same as the update command with the --obsoletes flag set. See update for more details.

yum upgrade forces the removal of obsolete packages, while yum update may or may not also do this. The removal of obsolete packages can be risky, as it may remove packages that you use.

This makes yum update the safer option.