IDEA

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IntelliJ IDEA教程

工程配置文件 iml

maven-web 工程 iml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<module org.jetbrains.idea.maven.project.MavenProjectsManager.isMavenModule="true" type="JAVA_MODULE" version="4">
  <component name="FacetManager">
    <facet type="web" name="Web">
      <configuration>
        <descriptors>
          <deploymentDescriptor name="web.xml" url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml" />
        </descriptors>
        <webroots>
          <root url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/src/main/webapp" relative="/" />
        </webroots>
      </configuration>
    </facet>
  </component>
  <component name="NewModuleRootManager" LANGUAGE_LEVEL="JDK_1_8" inherit-compiler-output="false">
    <output url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/target/classes" />
    <output-test url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/target/test-classes" />
    <content url="file://$MODULE_DIR$">
      <sourceFolder url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/src/main/resources" type="java-resource" />
      <excludeFolder url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/target" />
    </content>
    <orderEntry type="inheritedJdk" />
    <orderEntry type="sourceFolder" forTests="false" />
    <orderEntry type="library" scope="TEST" name="Maven: junit:junit:3.8.1" level="project" />
  </component>
</module>

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee
         http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">
</web-app>

java 普通工程 iml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<module type="JAVA_MODULE" version="4">
  <component name="NewModuleRootManager" inherit-compiler-output="true">
    <exclude-output />
    <content url="file://$MODULE_DIR$">
      <sourceFolder url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/src" isTestSource="false" />
    </content>
    <orderEntry type="inheritedJdk" />
    <orderEntry type="sourceFolder" forTests="false" />
  </component>
</module>

java-web 工程 iml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<module type="JAVA_MODULE" version="4">
  <component name="FacetManager">
    <facet type="web" name="Web">
      <configuration>
        <descriptors>
          <deploymentDescriptor name="web.xml" url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/web/WEB-INF/web.xml" />
        </descriptors>
        <webroots>
          <root url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/web" relative="/" />
        </webroots>
      </configuration>
    </facet>
  </component>
  <component name="NewModuleRootManager" inherit-compiler-output="true">
    <exclude-output />
    <content url="file://$MODULE_DIR$">
      <sourceFolder url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/src" isTestSource="false" />
    </content>
    <orderEntry type="inheritedJdk" />
    <orderEntry type="sourceFolder" forTests="false" />
  </component>
</module>

常见问题

Maven

IDEA maven 创建项目卡在 archetype

archetype

解决方法:

archetype解决方法

快捷键

psvm + Tab // public static void main(String[] args) {...}
sout + Tab // System.out.println();

Alt + Enter // 导入包,自动修复
Alt + Insert // 快速生成代码 getter/setter
Alt + Up/Down // 方法间跳跃

Ctrl + D // 复制黏贴当前行
Ctrl + H // 查看类结构图
Ctrl + J // 查看自动代码列表,如psvm
Ctrl + P // 方法参数提示
Ctrl + Q // 查看注释文档
Ctrl + X // 剪切
Ctrl + Y // 删除行
Ctrl + Z // 撤销
Ctrl + Space // 代码提示
Ctrl + Alt + L  // 格式化代码
Ctrl + Alt + Space  // 自动补全代码
Ctrl + Shift + Up/Down // 代码上/下移

Shift + F6 // 重构
Shift + Shift // 全局查找

配置

File | Settings... | 

---------------------
    Keymap |
        Main menu |
            Code |
                Completion |
                    Base --> Alt + /

---------------------
    Editor |
        General |
            Code Completion | 
                Case sensitive completion: None 代码提示时忽视大小写

        Inspections 修改警告方式

        Code Style
            Line separator (for new files): Unix and OS X (\n)

---------------------
    Version Control |
        Git 配置 Git

----------------------
    Build, Execution, Deployment |
        Build Tools |
            Maven |
                Maven home directory ... 配置 Maven 家目录
        Application Servers | + 添加 Tomcat 服务器

激活码

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