poj1598Excuses, Excuses!(字符串处理)

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Excuses, Excuses!
Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 10000K
Total Submissions: 3991   Accepted: 1386

Description

Judge Ito is having a problem with people subpoenaed for jury duty giving rather lame excuses in order to avoid serving. In order to reduce the amount of time required listening to goofy excuses, Judge Ito has asked that you write a program that will search for a list of keywords in a list of excuses identifying lame excuses. Keywords can be matched in an excuse regardless of case.

Input

Input to your program will consist of multiple sets of data. Line 1 of each set will contain exactly two integers. The first number (1 <= K <= 20) defines the number of keywords to be used in the search. The second number (1 <= E <= 20) defines the number of excuses in the set to be searched. Lines 2 through K+1 each contain exactly one keyword. Lines K+2 through K+1+E each contain exactly one excuse. All keywords in the keyword list will contain only contiguous lower case alphabetic characters of length L (1 <= L <= 20) and will occupy columns 1 through L in the input line. All excuses can contain any upper or lower case alphanumeric character, a space, or any of the following punctuation marks [".,!?] not including the square brackets and will not exceed 70 characters in length. Excuses will contain at least 1 non-space character.

Output

For each input set, you are to print the worst excuse(s) from the list. The worst excuse(s) is/are defined as the excuse(s) which contains the largest number of incidences of keywords. If a keyword occurs more than once in an excuse, each occurrance is considered a separate incidence. A keyword "occurs" in an excuse if and only if it exists in the string in contiguous form and is delimited by the beginning or end of the line or any non-alphabetic character or a space.

For each set of input, you are to print a single line with the number of the set immediately after the string "Excuse Set #". (See the Sample Output). The following line(s) is/are to contain the worst excuse(s) one per line exactly as read in. If there is more than one worst excuse, you may print them in any order. After each set of output, you should print a blank line.

Sample Input

5 3
dog
ate
homework
canary
died
My dog ate my homework.
Can you believe my dog died after eating my canary... AND MY HOMEWORK?
This excuse is so good that it contain 0 keywords.
6 5
superhighway
crazy
thermonuclear
bedroom
war
building
I am having a superhighway built in my bedroom.
I am actually crazy.
1234567890.....,,,,,0987654321?????!!!!!!
There was a thermonuclear war!
I ate my dog, my canary, and my homework ... note outdated keywords?

Sample Output

Excuse Set #1
Can you believe my dog died after eating my canary... AND MY HOMEWORK?

Excuse Set #2
I am having a superhighway built in my bedroom.
There was a thermonuclear war!


题意:给你几个关键词,和一些句子。找出哪个句子包含的关键词最所,可能会有多个。


思路:字符串操作题,主要是编码能力的要求。要注意的是可能不是所有字符都是单词,会有数字和符号。匹配是模糊匹配不需要考虑大小写,那么我们就转换成小写来匹配。


Code:

#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    int m,n,a,sum[20],len,max,t=1,i,j,k;
    char word[20][20],excuse[20][71],ch[71];
    while(scanf("%d%d",&m,&n)!=EOF)
    {
        getchar();
        for(i=0;i<m;i++)                    //同时输入多个字符串,记得getchar
        {
            scanf("%s",word[i]);
            getchar();
        }
        memset(sum,0,sizeof(sum));
        max=0;
        for(i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            gets(excuse[i]);                //应为要输入空格所以用gets
            len=strlen(excuse[i]);
            for(j=0;j<len;j++)
            {
                a=0;
                while(isalpha(excuse[i][j]))		//判断是不是字母
                {
                    ch[a++]=tolower(excuse[i][j]);              //注意这里是模糊匹配,所以就都换成小写在匹配
                    j++;	//这里不要忘了j++,很关键.
                }
                ch[a]='\0';                          //加个结束符
                if(a)
                {
                    for(k=0;k<m;k++)
                    {
                        if(strcmp(ch,word[k])==0)       //只要找到就行了,不然会重复判断
                        {
                            sum[i]++;break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            max=max>sum[i]?max:sum[i];
        }
        printf("Excuse Set #%d\n",t++);
        for(i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            if(sum[i]==max)
                printf("%s\n",excuse[i]);
        }
        printf("\n");
    }
   return 0;
}







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