OpenGL摄像机测试代码(鼠标/wsad操纵)

#define STB_IMAGE_IMPLEMENTATION
#include <STB/stb_image.h>

#include <GLAD/glad.h>
#include <GLFW/glfw3.h>

#include <GLM/glm.hpp>
#include <GLM/gtc/matrix_transform.hpp>
#include <GLM/gtc/type_ptr.hpp>

#include <shader.h>

#include <iostream>

void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height);
void mouse_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xpos, double ypos);
void scroll_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xoffset, double yoffset);
void processInput(GLFWwindow* window);

const unsigned int WINDOW_WIDTH = 800;
const unsigned int WINDOW_HEIGHT = 600;

const char* IMG1 = "C:\\Users\\tao\\Pictures\\container.jpg";
const char* IMG2 = "C:\\Users\\tao\\Pictures\\awesomeface.png";

const char* VERTEX_SHADER_FILE = "coordinate.vs";
const char* FRAGMENT_SHADER_FILE = "coordinate.fs";

// camera
glm::vec3 cameraPos = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, 3.0f);
glm::vec3 cameraFront = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
glm::vec3 cameraUp = glm::vec3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);

bool firstMouse = true;
float yaw = -90.0f;	// yaw is initialized to -90.0 degrees since a yaw of 0.0 results in a direction vector pointing to the right so we initially rotate a bit to the left.
float pitch = 0.0f;
float lastX = 800.0f / 2.0;
float lastY = 600.0 / 2.0;
float fov = 45.0f;

// timing
float deltaTime = 0.0f;	// time between current frame and last frame
float lastFrame = 0.0f;

int main() {
	// glfw: initialize and configure
	// ------------------------------
	glfwInit();
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3);
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3);
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);

#ifdef __APPLE__
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_FORWARD_COMPAT, GL_TRUE); // uncomment this statement to fix compilation on OS X
#endif

	// glfw window creation
	// --------------------
	GLFWwindow* window = glfwCreateWindow(WINDOW_WIDTH, WINDOW_HEIGHT, "Camera", NULL, NULL);
	if (window == NULL) {
		std::cout << "Failed to create GLFW window" << std::endl;
		glfwTerminate();
		return -1;
	}
	glfwMakeContextCurrent(window);
	glfwSetFramebufferSizeCallback(window, framebuffer_size_callback);
	glfwSetCursorPosCallback(window, mouse_callback);
	glfwSetScrollCallback(window, scroll_callback);

	// tell GLFW to capture our mouse
	glfwSetInputMode(window, GLFW_CURSOR, GLFW_CURSOR_DISABLED);

	// glad: load all OpenGL function pointers
	// ---------------------------------------
	if (!gladLoadGLLoader((GLADloadproc)glfwGetProcAddress)) {
		std::cout << "Failed to initialize GLAD" << std::endl;
		return -1;
	}

	// configure global opengl state
	// -----------------------------
	glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

	// build and compile our shader zprogram
	// ------------------------------------
	Shader ourShader(VERTEX_SHADER_FILE, FRAGMENT_SHADER_FILE);

	// set up vertex data (and buffer(s)) and configure vertex attributes
	// ------------------------------------------------------------------
	float vertices[] = {
		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,

		-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,

		-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,

		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,

		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,

		-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
		-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f
	};
	// world space positions of our cubes
	glm::vec3 cubePositions[] = {
		glm::vec3(0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f),
		glm::vec3(2.0f,  5.0f, -15.0f),
		glm::vec3(-1.5f, -2.2f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(-3.8f, -2.0f, -12.3f),
		glm::vec3(2.4f, -0.4f, -3.5f),
		glm::vec3(-1.7f,  3.0f, -7.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.3f, -2.0f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.5f,  2.0f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.5f,  0.2f, -1.5f),
		glm::vec3(-1.3f,  1.0f, -1.5f)
	};
	unsigned int VBO, VAO;
	glGenVertexArrays(1, &VAO);
	glGenBuffers(1, &VBO);

	glBindVertexArray(VAO);

	glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, VBO);
	glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(vertices), vertices, GL_STATIC_DRAW);

	// position attribute
	glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(float), (void*)0);
	glEnableVertexAttribArray(0);
	// texture coord attribute
	glVertexAttribPointer(1, 2, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(float), (void*)(3 * sizeof(float)));
	glEnableVertexAttribArray(1);


	// load and create a texture 
	// -------------------------
	unsigned int texture1, texture2;
	// texture 1
	// ---------
	glGenTextures(1, &texture1);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1);
	// set the texture wrapping parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT);
	// set texture filtering parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	// load image, create texture and generate mipmaps
	int width, height, nrChannels;
	stbi_set_flip_vertically_on_load(true); // tell stb_image.h to flip loaded texture's on the y-axis.
	unsigned char* data = stbi_load(IMG1, &width, &height, &nrChannels, 0);
	if (data) {
		glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGB, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, data);
		glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
	} else {
		std::cout << "Failed to load texture" << std::endl;
	}
	stbi_image_free(data);
	// texture 2
	// ---------
	glGenTextures(1, &texture2);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2);
	// set the texture wrapping parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT);
	// set texture filtering parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	// load image, create texture and generate mipmaps
	data = stbi_load(IMG2, &width, &height, &nrChannels, 0);
	if (data) {
		// note that the awesomeface.png has transparency and thus an alpha channel, so make sure to tell OpenGL the data type is of GL_RGBA
		glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, data);
		glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
	} else {
		std::cout << "Failed to load texture" << std::endl;
	}
	stbi_image_free(data);

	// tell opengl for each sampler to which texture unit it belongs to (only has to be done once)
	// -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	ourShader.use();
	ourShader.setInt("texture1", 0);
	ourShader.setInt("texture2", 1);


	// render loop
	// -----------
	while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) {
		// per-frame time logic
		// --------------------
		float currentFrame = glfwGetTime();
		deltaTime = currentFrame - lastFrame;
		lastFrame = currentFrame;

		// input
		// -----
		processInput(window);

		// render
		// ------
		glClearColor(0.2f, 0.3f, 0.3f, 1.0f);
		glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

		// bind textures on corresponding texture units
		glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0);
		glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1);
		glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE1);
		glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2);

		// activate shader
		ourShader.use();

		// pass projection matrix to shader (note that in this case it could change every frame)
		glm::mat4 projection = glm::perspective(glm::radians(fov), (float)WINDOW_WIDTH / (float)WINDOW_HEIGHT, 0.1f, 100.0f);
		ourShader.setMat4("projection", projection);

		// camera/view transformation
		glm::mat4 view = glm::lookAt(cameraPos, cameraPos + cameraFront, cameraUp);
		ourShader.setMat4("view", view);

		// render boxes
		glBindVertexArray(VAO);
		for (unsigned int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
			// calculate the model matrix for each object and pass it to shader before drawing
			glm::mat4 model = glm::mat4(1.0f); // make sure to initialize matrix to identity matrix first
			model = glm::translate(model, cubePositions[i]);
			float angle = 20.0f * i;
			model = glm::rotate(model, glm::radians(angle), glm::vec3(1.0f, 0.3f, 0.5f));
			ourShader.setMat4("model", model);

			glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, 36);
		}

		// glfw: swap buffers and poll IO events (keys pressed/released, mouse moved etc.)
		// -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		glfwSwapBuffers(window);
		glfwPollEvents();
	}

	// optional: de-allocate all resources once they've outlived their purpose:
	// ------------------------------------------------------------------------
	glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &VAO);
	glDeleteBuffers(1, &VBO);

	// glfw: terminate, clearing all previously allocated GLFW resources.
	// ------------------------------------------------------------------
	glfwTerminate();
	return 0;
}

// process all input: query GLFW whether relevant keys are pressed/released this frame and react accordingly
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void processInput(GLFWwindow* window) {
	if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_ESCAPE) == GLFW_PRESS)
		glfwSetWindowShouldClose(window, true);

	float cameraSpeed = 2.5 * deltaTime;
	if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_W) == GLFW_PRESS)
		cameraPos += cameraSpeed * cameraFront;
	if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_S) == GLFW_PRESS)
		cameraPos -= cameraSpeed * cameraFront;
	if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_A) == GLFW_PRESS)
		cameraPos -= glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed;
	if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_D) == GLFW_PRESS)
		cameraPos += glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed;
}

// glfw: whenever the window size changed (by OS or user resize) this callback function executes
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height) {
	// make sure the viewport matches the new window dimensions; note that width and 
	// height will be significantly larger than specified on retina displays.
	glViewport(0, 0, width, height);
}

// glfw: whenever the mouse moves, this callback is called
// -------------------------------------------------------
void mouse_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xpos, double ypos) {
	if (firstMouse) {
		lastX = xpos;
		lastY = ypos;
		firstMouse = false;
	}

	float xoffset = xpos - lastX;
	float yoffset = lastY - ypos; // reversed since y-coordinates go from bottom to top
	lastX = xpos;
	lastY = ypos;

	float sensitivity = 0.1f; // change this value to your liking
	xoffset *= sensitivity;
	yoffset *= sensitivity;

	yaw += xoffset;
	pitch += yoffset;

	// make sure that when pitch is out of bounds, screen doesn't get flipped
	if (pitch > 89.0f)
		pitch = 89.0f;
	if (pitch < -89.0f)
		pitch = -89.0f;

	glm::vec3 front;
	front.x = cos(glm::radians(yaw)) * cos(glm::radians(pitch));
	front.y = sin(glm::radians(pitch));
	front.z = sin(glm::radians(yaw)) * cos(glm::radians(pitch));
	cameraFront = glm::normalize(front);
}

// glfw: whenever the mouse scroll wheel scrolls, this callback is called
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------
void scroll_callback(GLFWwindow* window, double xoffset, double yoffset) {
	if (fov >= 1.0f && fov <= 45.0f)
		fov -= yoffset;
	if (fov <= 1.0f)
		fov = 1.0f;
	if (fov >= 45.0f)
		fov = 45.0f;
}

vs、fs同 FirstCoordinate

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