解读LeetCode第38题——逻辑怪才看得懂的题目

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一道读题读到懵的题目,通过这题,我发现,我不止是算法差,语文更差!嗯!很多题不是不会!而是我没有读懂题!没错!就是这个原因!😂

在这里插入图片描述

题目:

「外观数列」是一个整数序列,从数字 1 开始,序列中的每一项都是对前一项的描述。前五项如下:

1.     1
2.     11
3.     21
4.     1211
5.     111221

1 被读作 “one 1” (“一个一”) , 即11
11 被读作"two 1s" (“两个一”), 即21
21 被读作 “one 2”, “one 1” (“一个二” , “一个一”) , 即1211

给定一个正整数 n(1 ≤ n ≤ 30),输出外观数列的第 n 项。

注意:整数序列中的每一项将表示为一个字符串。

示例 1:

输入: 1
输出: "1"
解释:这是一个基本样例。

示例 2:

输入: 4
输出: "1211"
解释:当 n = 3 时,序列是 "21",其中我们有 "2" 和 "1" 两组,"2" 可以读作 "12",也就是出现频次 = 1 而 值 = 2;类似 "1" 可以读作 "11"。所以答案是 "12" 和 "11" 组合在一起,也就是 "1211"。
来源:力扣(LeetCode)
链接:https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/count-and-say
著作权归领扣网络所有。商业转载请联系官方授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

审完题目,我发现了,这道题就是在教我们数数!

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不信小名帮你解读一下前五项:

CountSay小名解读
11
211上面的数字读作 1 个 1
321上面的数字读作 2 个 1
41211上面的数字读作 1 个 2 , 1 个 1
5111221上面的数字读作 1 个 1 , 1 个 2 ,2 个 1
………………

你可以把"小名解读"那一列中的“个”字去掉试试看,即21 个 1中的字去掉 →2→11

这个题是Easy难度的,所以读懂题就很好实现了~

解题思路:

首先要弄清两个问题:

  1. 什么时候数数(count++)?

  2. 什么时候开始数下一个数?

回答上面的两个问题,问题就迎刃而解了~

  1. 当第J个字符和第0个字符相等,就数数

  2. res没有遍历完,但是遇到新的num了,count从1开始重新数

Coding~

public String countAndSay(int n) {
    int i = 1;
    String res = "1";
    while (i < n) {
        int count = 1;//数数
        char num = res.charAt(0);//要被数数的num
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        for (int j = 1; j < res.length(); j++) {//不难理解,就是遍历整个res
            if (j != res.length() && res.charAt(j) == num) {//当第J个字符和第0个字符相等,就数数
                count++;
            } else {
                stringBuilder.append(count);//几个num
                stringBuilder.append(num);//count个num
                if (j != res.length()) {//res没有遍历完,但是遇到新的num了,count从1重新开始数
                    count = 1;
                    num = res.charAt(j);
                }
            }
        }
        stringBuilder.append(count);//将第一个if语句中的count,append进来
        stringBuilder.append(num);//将第一个if语句中的num,append进来
        res = stringBuilder.toString();
        i++;
    }
    return res;
}

注意!

for (int j = 1; j < res.length(); j++) j = 1!!!因为String类中对charAt()的描述如下:

/**
     * Returns the {@code char} value at the
     * specified index. An index ranges from {@code 0} to
     * {@code length() - 1}. The first {@code char} value of the sequence
     * is at index {@code 0}, the next at index {@code 1},
     * and so on, as for array indexing.
     *
     * <p>If the {@code char} value specified by the index is a
     * <a href="Character.html#unicode">surrogate</a>, the surrogate
     * value is returned.
     *
     * @param      index   the index of the {@code char} value.
     * @return     the {@code char} value at the specified index of this string.
     *             The first {@code char} value is at index {@code 0}.
     * @exception  IndexOutOfBoundsException  if the {@code index}
     *             argument is negative or not less than the length of this
     *             string.
     */
    public char charAt(int index) {
        if ((index < 0) || (index >= value.length)) {
            throw new StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index);
        }
        return value[index];
    }

(index >= value.length)的时候会抛出StringIndexOutOfBoundsException(index)的异常!

最后我们来测试一下吧~

public static void main(String[] args) {
    countAndSay cas = new countAndSay();
    int n = 4;
    String s = cas.countAndSay(n);
    System.out.println(s);
}

在LeetCode题解区看到的“最快代码100%无敌”
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作者:ni-wu-shui-liao-ma-15
链接:https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/count-and-say/solution/zui-kuai-dai-ma-100wu-di-by-ni-wu-shui-liao-ma-15/
来源:力扣(LeetCode)
著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。
public class Solution {
	public String countAndSay(int n) {
		switch (n) {
		case 1:
			return "1";
		case 2:
			return "11";
		case 3:
			return "21";
		case 4:
			return "1211";
		case 5:
			return "111221";
		case 6:
			return "312211";
		case 7:
			return "13112221";
		case 8:
			return "1113213211";
		case 9:
			return "31131211131221";
		case 10:
			return "13211311123113112211";
		case 11:
			return "11131221133112132113212221";
		case 12:
			return "3113112221232112111312211312113211";
		case 13:
			return "1321132132111213122112311311222113111221131221";
		case 14:
			return "11131221131211131231121113112221121321132132211331222113112211";
		case 15:
			return "311311222113111231131112132112311321322112111312211312111322212311322113212221";
		case 16:
			return "132113213221133112132113311211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332111213211322211312113211";
		case 17:
			return "11131221131211132221232112111312212321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321231231121113122113322113111221131221";
		case 18:
			return "31131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131122212322211331222113112211";
		case 19:
			return "1321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132122311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113213211121332212311322113212221";
		case 20:
			return "11131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112311332211211131221131211132211121312211231131112311211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211";
		case 21:
			return "311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122211311122122111312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113223112111311222112132113311213211221121332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221131112311311121321122112132231121113122113322113111221131221";
		case 22:
			return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
		case 23:
			return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
		case 24:
			return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
		case 25:
			return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
		case 26:
			return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
		case 27:
			return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
		case 28:
			return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
		case 29:
			return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
		case 30:
			return "3113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112212211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332211211133112111311222112111312211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321132213211231132132211211131221232112111312212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121321321122111312211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121123222112111331121113112221121113122113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122211211133112111311222112111312211312111322211213211321223112111311222112132113213221133122211311221122111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331222113321112131122211332113221122112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211322311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211232221121113122113121113222123211211131221132211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122113221122112133221121321132132211331121321231231121113121113122122311311222113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312211213211311123113223112111321322123122113222122211211232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113213221121113122123211211131221121311121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211221321123113213221121113122113121113222112131112131221121321131211132221121321132132211331121321232221123113112221131112311322311211131122211213211331121321122112133221121113122113121113222123112221221321132132211231131122211331121321232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121332211213111213122112132113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112221132231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113212221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131112311311221122132113213221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211213211321322113311213211322132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132122311211131122211213211321222113222122211211232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213213211221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312212221121123222112132113213221133112132123222113223113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112211322212322211231131122211322111312211312111322211213211321322113311213211331121113122122211211132213211231131122212322211331222113112211";
		default:
			return "0";
		}

	}
}
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