Pod容器内部无法ping 通ClusterIP(或ServiceName)

Pod容器内部无法ping 通ClusterIP(或ServiceName)

环境信息

  • 系统:Ubuntu18.04
  • k8s版本:1.14.0
  • 网络插件:flannel

进入容器内部测试

ping ClusterIP:无法ping通

coder@user1-container10-79754b6fcd-vmrhp:~/project$ ping 10.103.84.93
PING 10.103.84.93 (10.103.84.93) 56(84) bytes of data.
^C
--- 10.103.84.93 ping statistics ---
12 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 11244ms

ping servicename:无法ping通

coder@user1-container10-79754b6fcd-vmrhp:~/project$ ping user1-container0
PING user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local (10.107.200.99) 56(84) bytes of data.
^C
--- user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local ping statistics ---
69 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 69610ms

查看kube-proxy日志

k8s@master:~$ kubectl logs -n kube-system kube-proxy-6lw4d
W0521 14:10:15.618034       1 server_others.go:295] Flag proxy-mode="" unknown, assuming iptables proxy
I0521 14:10:15.640642       1 server_others.go:148] Using iptables Proxier.
I0521 14:10:15.640845       1 server_others.go:178] Tearing down inactive rules.
E0521 14:10:15.690628       1 proxier.go:583] Error removing iptables rules in ipvs proxier: error deleting chain "KUBE-MARK-MASQ": exit status 1: iptables: Too many links.
I0521 14:10:16.294665       1 server.go:555] Version: v1.14.0
I0521 14:10:16.307621       1 conntrack.go:52] Setting nf_conntrack_max to 1310720
I0521 14:10:16.308167       1 config.go:102] Starting endpoints config controller
I0521 14:10:16.308247       1 controller_utils.go:1027] Waiting for caches to sync for endpoints config controller
I0521 14:10:16.308300       1 config.go:202] Starting service config controller
I0521 14:10:16.308339       1 controller_utils.go:1027] Waiting for caches to sync for service config controller
I0521 14:10:16.408477       1 controller_utils.go:1034] Caches are synced for endpoints config controller
I0521 14:10:16.408477       1 controller_utils.go:1034] Caches are synced for service config controller

原因:kube-proxy使用了iptable模式,修改为ipvs模式则可以在pod内ping通clusterIP或servicename

解决

查看kube-proxy configMapkubectl get cm kube-proxy -n kube-system -o yaml

发现执行命令后输出的mode: ""

k8s@master:~$ kubectl get cm kube-proxy -n kube-system -o yaml
apiVersion: v1
data:
  config.conf: |-
    apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0
    clientConnection:
      acceptContentTypes: ""
      burst: 10
      contentType: application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf
      kubeconfig: /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig.conf
      qps: 5
    clusterCIDR: 10.244.0.0/16
    configSyncPeriod: 15m0s
    conntrack:
      max: null
      maxPerCore: 32768
      min: 131072
      tcpCloseWaitTimeout: 1h0m0s
      tcpEstablishedTimeout: 24h0m0s
    enableProfiling: false
    healthzBindAddress: 0.0.0.0:10256
    hostnameOverride: ""
    iptables:
      masqueradeAll: false
      masqueradeBit: 14
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      syncPeriod: 30s
    ipvs:
      excludeCIDRs: null
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      scheduler: ""
      syncPeriod: 30s
    kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
    metricsBindAddress: 127.0.0.1:10249
    mode: ""
    nodePortAddresses: null
    oomScoreAdj: -999
    portRange: ""
    resourceContainer: /kube-proxy
    udpIdleTimeout: 250ms
    winkernel:
      enableDSR: false
      networkName: ""
      sourceVip: ""
  kubeconfig.conf: |-
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Config
    clusters:
    - cluster:
        certificate-authority: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
        server: https://172.18.167.38:6443
      name: default
    contexts:
    - context:
        cluster: default
        namespace: default
        user: default
      name: default
    current-context: default
    users:
    - name: default
      user:
        tokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: "2020-05-02T04:00:39Z"
  labels:
    app: kube-proxy
  name: kube-proxy
  namespace: kube-system
  resourceVersion: "231"
  selfLink: /api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/configmaps/kube-proxy
  uid: 7bfe9acc-8c29-11ea-bf4b-be066b02b900

编辑kube-proxy configMap,修改mode为ipvskubectl edit cm kube-proxy -n kube-system

...
iptables:
  masqueradeAll: false
  masqueradeBit: 14
  minSyncPeriod: 0s
  syncPeriod: 30s
ipvs:
  excludeCIDRs: null
  minSyncPeriod: 0s
  scheduler: ""
  syncPeriod: 30s
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
metricsBindAddress: 127.0.0.1:10249
mode: "ipvs"
...

使用ipvs需要执行以下操作

cat > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules <<EOF
 #!/bin/bash 
 modprobe -- ip_vs 
 modprobe -- ip_vs_rr 
 modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr 
 modprobe -- ip_vs_sh 
 modprobe -- nf_conntrack_ipv4 
EOF
k8s@master:~$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack_ipv4
ip_vs_sh               16384  0 
ip_vs_wrr              16384  0 
ip_vs_rr               16384  0 
ip_vs                 151552  6 ip_vs_rr,ip_vs_sh,ip_vs_wrr
nf_defrag_ipv6         20480  2 nf_conntrack_ipv6,ip_vs
nf_conntrack_ipv4      16384  47 
nf_defrag_ipv4         16384  1 nf_conntrack_ipv4
nf_conntrack          131072  12 xt_conntrack,nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4,nf_conntrack_ipv6,nf_conntrack_ipv4,nf_nat,nf_nat_ipv6,ipt_MASQUERADE,nf_nat_ipv4,xt_nat,nf_conntrack_netlink,ip_vs,xt_REDIRECT
libcrc32c              16384  4 nf_conntrack,nf_nat,xfs,ip_vs

重启kube-proxy

k8s@master:~$ kubectl get pod -n kube-system | grep kube-proxy |awk '{system("kubectl delete pod "$1" -n kube-system")}'
pod "kube-proxy-6lw4d" deleted

查看kube-proxy日志

k8s@master:~$  kubectl get pod -n kube-system |grep kube-proxy
kube-proxy-7sxpv                       1/1     Running   0          86s
k8s@master:~$  kubectl logs -n kube-system kube-proxy-7sxpv
I0522 15:41:32.391309       1 server_others.go:189] Using ipvs Proxier.
W0522 15:41:32.391855       1 proxier.go:381] IPVS scheduler not specified, use rr by default
I0522 15:41:32.391999       1 server_others.go:216] Tearing down inactive rules.
I0522 15:41:32.477963       1 server.go:555] Version: v1.14.0
I0522 15:41:32.490131       1 conntrack.go:52] Setting nf_conntrack_max to 1310720
I0522 15:41:32.490544       1 config.go:102] Starting endpoints config controller
I0522 15:41:32.490604       1 controller_utils.go:1027] Waiting for caches to sync for endpoints config controller
I0522 15:41:32.490561       1 config.go:202] Starting service config controller
I0522 15:41:32.490659       1 controller_utils.go:1027] Waiting for caches to sync for service config controller
I0522 15:41:32.590799       1 controller_utils.go:1034] Caches are synced for endpoints config controller
I0522 15:41:32.590894       1 controller_utils.go:1034] Caches are synced for service config controller

至此问题解决

再次进入Pod容器内部进行测试

查看svc

k8s@master:~$ kubectl get svc -n iblockchain
NAME                TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)        AGE
mysql               ClusterIP   10.103.84.93    <none>        3306/TCP       15d
user1-container0    ClusterIP   10.107.200.99   <none>        80/TCP         6d21h
user1-container10   ClusterIP   10.110.35.111   <none>        80/TCP         6d13h
user1-container12   ClusterIP   10.97.251.199   <none>        80/TCP         5d13h
user1-container13   ClusterIP   10.98.144.124   <none>        80/TCP         5d13h
webapp              NodePort    10.102.63.171   <none>        80:30000/TCP   6d15h

进入pod ping servicename

coder@user1-container10-79754b6fcd-vmrhp:~/project$ ping user1-container0
PING user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local (10.107.200.99) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local (10.107.200.99): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.102 ms
64 bytes from user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local (10.107.200.99): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.091 ms
64 bytes from user1-container0.iblockchain.svc.cluster.local (10.107.200.99): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.074 ms

这里有个小坑,若两个pod处于不同的命名空间,ping servicename需要输入完整的dns,如:

k8s@master:~$ kubectl get svc -A
NAMESPACE     NAME                             TYPE        CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                      AGE
admin         dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu   ClusterIP   10.99.220.121    <none>        8000/TCP,8080/TCP,6080/TCP   20d
admin         dl1588401391658-tensorflow-cpu   ClusterIP   10.102.167.253   <none>        8000/TCP,8080/TCP,6080/TCP   20d
admin         dl1588401420047-tensorflow-gpu   ClusterIP   10.109.168.48    <none>        8000/TCP,8080/TCP,6080/TCP   20d
admin         dl1588698113367-tensorflow-cpu   ClusterIP   10.97.78.194     <none>        8000/TCP,8080/TCP,6080/TCP   16d
default       kubernetes                       ClusterIP   10.96.0.1        <none>        443/TCP                      20d
iblockchain   mysql                            ClusterIP   10.103.84.93     <none>        3306/TCP                     15d
iblockchain   user1-container0                 ClusterIP   10.107.200.99    <none>        80/TCP                       6d21h
iblockchain   user1-container10                ClusterIP   10.110.35.111    <none>        80/TCP                       6d13h
iblockchain   user1-container12                ClusterIP   10.97.251.199    <none>        80/TCP                       5d13h
iblockchain   user1-container13                ClusterIP   10.98.144.124    <none>        80/TCP                       5d13h
iblockchain   webapp                           NodePort    10.102.63.171    <none>        80:30000/TCP                 6d15h
kube-system   kube-dns                         ClusterIP   10.96.0.10       <none>        53/UDP,53/TCP,9153/TCP       20d

servicename:dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu

coder@user1-container10-79754b6fcd-vmrhp:~/project$ ping dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu
ping: dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu: Name or service not known

完整DNS:dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local

coder@user1-container10-79754b6fcd-vmrhp:~/project$ ping dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local
PING dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local (10.99.220.121) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local (10.99.220.121): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.074 ms
64 bytes from dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local (10.99.220.121): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.094 ms
64 bytes from dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local (10.99.220.121): icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.116 ms
64 bytes from dl1588401175722-tensorflow-cpu.admin.svc.cluster.local (10.99.220.121): icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=0.127 ms
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 技术黑板 设计师: CSDN官方博客
应支付0元
点击重新获取
扫码支付

支付成功即可阅读