Raphaël—JavaScript Library

原创 2009年04月16日 17:20:00


Raphaël--一个小巧但功能强大的javascript画图库。

Main Function

Raphael

Creates a canvas object on which to draw. You must do this first, as all future calls to drawing methods from this instance will be bound to this canvas.

Parameters

  1. container HTMLElement or string
  2. width number
  3. height number

or

  1. x number
  2. y number
  3. width number
  4. height number

Usage

// Each of the following examples create a canvas that is 320px wide by 200px high
// Canvas is created at the viewport's 10,50 coordinate
var paper = Raphael(10, 50, 320, 200);
// Canvas is created at the top left corner of the #notepad element (or its top right corner in dir="rtl" elements)
var paper = Raphael(document.getElementById("notepad"), 320, 200);
// Same as above
var paper = Raphael("notepad", 320, 200);

Element’s generic methods

Each object created on the canvas shares these same generic methods:

node

Gives you a reference to the DOM object, so you can assign event handlers or just mess around.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10); // draw a circle at coordinate 10,10 with radius of 10
c.node.onclick = function () { c.attr("fill", "red"); };

remove

Removes element from the DOM. You can’t use it after this method call.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.remove();

hide

Makes element invisible.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.hide();

show

Makes element visible.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.show();

rotate

Rotates the element by the given degree from its center point.

Parameters

  1. degree number Degree of rotation (0 – 360°)
  2. isAbsolute boolean [optional] Specifies is degree is relative to previous position (false) or is it absolute angle (true)

or

  1. degree number Degree of rotation (0 – 360°)
  2. cx number [optional] X coordinate of the origin of rotation
  3. cY number [optional] Y coordinate of the origin of rotation

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.rotate(45); // rotation is relative
c.rotate(45, true); // rotation is absolute

translate

Moves the element around the canvas by the given distances.

Parameters

  1. dx number Pixels of translation by X axis
  2. dy number Pixels of translation by Y axis

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.translate(10, 10); // moves the circle down the canvas, in a diagonal line

scale

Resizes the element by the given multiplier.

Parameters

  1. Xtimes number Amount to scale horizontally
  2. Ytimes number Amount to scale vertically

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.scale(1.5, 1.5); // makes the circle 1.5 times larger
c.scale(.5, .75); // makes the circle half as wide, and 75% as high

attr

Sets the attributes of elements directly.

Parameters

  1. attributeName string
  2. value string

or

  1. params object

or

  1. attributeName string in this case method returns current value for given attribute name

or

  1. attributeNames array in this case method returns array of current values for given attribute names

Possible parameters

Please refer to the SVG specification for an explanation of these parameters.

  • cx number
  • cy number
  • fill colour
  • fill-opacity number
  • font string
  • font-family string
  • font-size number
  • font-weight string
  • gradient object|string "‹angle›-‹colour›[-‹colour›[:‹offset›]]*-‹colour›"
  • height number
  • opacity number
  • path pathString
  • r number
  • rotation number
  • rx number
  • ry number
  • scale CSV
  • src string (URL)
  • stroke colour
  • stroke-dasharray string [“-”, “.”, “-.”, “-..”, “. ”, “- ”, “--”, “- .”, “--.”, “--..”]
  • stroke-linecap string [“butt”, “square”, “round”, “miter”]
  • stroke-linejoin string [“butt”, “square”, “round”, “miter”]
  • stroke-miterlimit number
  • stroke-opacity number
  • stroke-width number
  • translation CSV
  • width number
  • x number
  • y number

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.attr("fill", "black"); // using strings
c.attr({fill: "#000", stroke: "#f00", opacity: 0.5}); // using params object

animate

Linearly changes an attribute from its current value to its specified value in the given amount of milliseconds.

Parameters

  1. newAttrs object A parameters object of the animation results. (Not all attributes can be animated.)
  2. ms number The duration of the animation, given in milliseconds.
  3. callback function [optional]

Attributes that can be animated

The newAttrs parameter accepts an object whose properties are the attributes to animate. However, not all attributes listed in the attr method reference can be animated. The following is a list of those properties that can be animated:

  • cx number
  • cy number
  • fill colour
  • fill-opacity number
  • font-size number
  • height number
  • opacity number
  • path pathString
  • r number
  • rotation number
  • rx number
  • ry number
  • scale CSV
  • stroke colour
  • stroke-opacity number
  • stroke-width number
  • translation CSV
  • width number
  • x number
  • y number

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.animate({cx: 20, r: 20}, 2000);

getBBox

Returns the dimensions of an element.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
var width = c.getBBox().width;

toFront

Moves the element so it is the closest to the viewer’s eyes, on top of other elements.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.toFront();

toBack

Moves the element so it is the furthest from the viewer’s eyes, behind other elements.

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.toBack();

insertBefore

Inserts current object before the given one.

Usage

var r = paper.rect(10, 10, 10, 10);
var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
c.insertBefore(r);

insertAfter

Inserts current object after the given one

Usage

var r = paper.rect(10, 10, 10, 10);
var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);
r.insertAfter(c);

Graphic Primitives

circle

Draws a circle.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate of the centre
  2. y number Y coordinate of the centre
  3. r number radius

Usage

var c = paper.circle(10, 10, 10);

rect

Draws a rectangle.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate of top left corner
  2. y number Y coordinate of top left corner
  3. width number
  4. height number
  5. r number [optional] radius for rounded corners, default is 0

Usage

// regular rectangle
var c = paper.rect(10, 10, 10, 10);
// rectangle with rounded corners
var c = paper.rect(10, 10, 100, 50, 10);

ellipse

Draws an ellipse.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate of the centre
  2. y number X coordinate of the centre
  3. rx number Horisontal radius
  4. ry number Vertical radius

Usage

var c = paper.ellipse(100, 100, 30, 40);

image

Embeds an image into the SVG/VML canvas.

Parameters

  1. src string URI of the source image
  2. x number X coordinate position
  3. y number Y coordinate position
  4. width number Width of the image
  5. height number Height of the image

Usage

var c = paper.image("apple.png", 10, 10, 100, 100);

set

Creates array-like object to keep and operate couple of elements at once. Warning: it doesn’t create any elements for itself in the page.

Usage

var st = paper.set();
st.push(paper.circle(10, 10, 5));
st.push(paper.circle(30, 10, 5));
st.attr({fill: "red"});

text

Draws a text string. If you need line breaks, put “/n” in the string.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate position.
  2. y number Y coordinate position.
  3. text string The text string to draw.

Usage

var t = paper.text(10, 10, "Look mom, I'm scalable!");

path

Initialises path drawing. Typically, this function returns an empty path object and to draw paths you use its built-in methods like lineTo and curveTo. However, you can also specify a path literally by supplying the path data as a second argument.

Parameters

  1. params object Attributes for the resulting path as described in the attr reference.
  2. pathString string [optional] Path data in SVG path string format.

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).lineTo(50, 50); // draw a diagonal line
var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}, "M 10 10 L 50 50"); // same

Path Methods

absolutely

Sets a trigger to count all following units as absolute ones, unless said otherwise. (This is on by default.)

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).absolutely()
.moveTo(10, 10).lineTo(50, 50);

relatively

Sets a trigger to count all following units as relative ones, unless said otherwise.

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).relatively()
.moveTo(10, 10).lineTo(50, 50);

moveTo

Moves the drawing point to the given coordinates.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate
  2. y number Y coordinate

Usage

// Begins drawing the path at coordinate 10,10
var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).lineTo(50, 50);

lineTo

Draws a straight line to the given coordinates.

Parameters

  1. x number X coordinate
  2. y number Y coordinate

Usage

// Draws a line starting from 10,10 to 50,50
var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).lineTo(50, 50);

cplineTo

Draws a curved line to the given coordinates. The line will have horizontal anchors on start and on finish.

Parameters

  1. x number
  2. y number
  3. width number

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).cplineTo(50, 50);

curveTo

Draws a bicubic curve to the given coordinates.

Parameters

  1. x1 number
  2. y1 number
  3. x2 number
  4. y2 number
  5. x3 number
  6. y3 number

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).curveTo(10, 15, 45, 45, 50, 50);

qcurveTo

Draws a quadratic curve to the given coordinates.

Parameters

  1. x1 number
  2. y1 number
  3. x2 number
  4. y2 number

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).curveTo(10, 15, 45, 45, 50, 50);

addRoundedCorner

Draws a quarter of a circle from the current drawing point.

Parameters

  1. r number
  2. dir string Two-letter directional instruction, as described below.

Possible dir values

lu
left up
ld
left down
ru
right up
rd
right down
ur
up right
ul
up left
dr
down right
dl
down left

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).addRoundedCorner(10, "rd");

andClose

Closes the path being drawn.

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: "#036"}).moveTo(10, 10).andClose();

setSize

If you need to change dimensions of the canvas call this method

Parameters

  1. width number new width of the canvas
  2. height number new height of the canvas

setWindow

Should be called before main Raphael method. Sets which window should be used for drawing. Default is the current one. You need to use it if you want to draw inside iframe

Parameters

  1. window object

getColor

Returns a colour object for the next colour in spectrum

Parameters

  1. value number brightness [optional]

Usage

var c = paper.path({stroke: Raphael.getColor()}, "M10,10L100,100")

getColor.reset

Resets getColor function, so it will start from the beginning


Javascript图形处理库 -- Raphaël

如果要使用JS 绘制一些图形和处理一些动态图形, 比如想绘制一些流程图什么的, Raphaël是一个不错的选择。 从版权信息上看, 和大名鼎鼎的 Sencha 有一定的关系 (研发Extjs的公司)...
  • oscar999
  • oscar999
  • 2012-08-31 13:55:27
  • 1727

Raphaël 简单Demo

使用Raphael可以画出不同的强大的图案,并有可以编写鼠标触发事件下列就是上图的javaScript,点击下面的黑色圆圈,可是使上面2个白色的圆圈消失。注:请到ttp://raphaeljs.com...
  • Vanessa219
  • Vanessa219
  • 2009-04-16 17:17:00
  • 1422

Raphaël学习笔记一

最近在学习HTML5 canvas,然后悲剧的发现这东西只能用来绘图却不能用来交互……假设你在画布上画了一个圆,然后想写一个事件来进行DD操作。对不起,除非你的圆里有一张图片,否则你就得通过那个圆所在...
  • daisy_xiu
  • daisy_xiu
  • 2012-01-06 16:39:52
  • 469

【js类库Raphaël】基于svg中的path动态绘制40%表示的环型图

使用js类库Raphaël基于svg中的path动态绘制40%表示的环型图
  • u012386311
  • u012386311
  • 2016-03-08 23:53:17
  • 1581

Raphael之拖出控件连线控件

  • 2014年06月25日 14:33
  • 132KB
  • 下载

Raphaël Raphael.js 中文帮助文档,SVG、VML、Javascript矢量库(Raphael Reference API)

最近迷恋网页矢量图形处理方案,仔细研究了一个很优秀的 Javascript 矢量库,很是强大。 虽然这个库很强大,但是他几乎默默无闻,而且唯一的资料,就是原作者写的英文API。 最近加班加点,终于...
  • u012063756
  • u012063756
  • 2013-09-10 23:48:32
  • 1773

Raphaël —— JavaScript 库

Raphaël 是一个小型的 JavaScript 库,用来简化你在 Web 上显示矢量图的工作。你可以用它在页面上绘制各种图表、并进行图片的剪切、旋转等操作。 Raphaël ['ræfeɪəl]...
  • lilin_emcc
  • lilin_emcc
  • 2013-01-04 11:25:58
  • 565

Raphaël 学习

1 fire a  event 的方法 场景:当我们要显示调用某个元素的事件时 raphael 对象保存了一个事件数组,数组元素的name属性表示事件的类型,数组元素的f方法,表示对应事件类型的所...
  • xiongzhengxiang
  • xiongzhengxiang
  • 2012-09-13 11:41:09
  • 759

raphael 1.5.2

  • 2010年11月22日 22:22
  • 75KB
  • 下载

raphael.js矢量绘图

官方介绍: Raphael是由Dmitry Baranovskiy开发的小型Javascript类库,它可以让你在web上很容易地使用矢量图形。如果你需要制作自定义图表或图像裁剪旋转控件,它也可以让...
  • u013291076
  • u013291076
  • 2014-05-26 15:45:28
  • 1894
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:Raphaël—JavaScript Library
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)