【打卡】LeetCode 999. 车的可用捕获量

在一个 8 x 8 的棋盘上,有一个白色车(rook)。也可能有空方块,白色的象(bishop)和黑色的卒(pawn)。它们分别以字符 “R”,“.”,“B” 和 “p” 给出。大写字符表示白棋,小写字符表示黑棋。

车按国际象棋中的规则移动:它选择四个基本方向中的一个(北,东,西和南),然后朝那个方向移动,直到它选择停止、到达棋盘的边缘或移动到同一方格来捕获该方格上颜色相反的卒。另外,车不能与其他友方(白色)象进入同一个方格。

返回车能够在一次移动中捕获到的卒的数量。
 

示例 1:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","p",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","R",".",".",".","p"],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","p",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:3
解释:
在本例中,车能够捕获所有的卒。
示例 2:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".","p","p","p","p","p",".","."],[".","p","p","B","p","p",".","."],[".","p","B","R","B","p",".","."],[".","p","p","B","p","p",".","."],[".","p","p","p","p","p",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:0
解释:
象阻止了车捕获任何卒。
示例 3:

输入:[[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","p",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","p",".",".",".","."],["p","p",".","R",".","p","B","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","B",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".","p",".",".",".","."],[".",".",".",".",".",".",".","."]]
输出:3
解释: 
车可以捕获位置 b5,d6 和 f5 的卒。
 

提示:

board.length == board[i].length == 8
board[i][j] 可以是 'R','.','B' 或 'p'
只有一个格子上存在 board[i][j] == 'R'

func numRookCaptures(board [][]byte) int {
    row := 0
    col := 0
    cnt := 0
    // 获取车的坐标
    for i := range board {
        for j := range board[i] {
            if string(board[i][j]) == "R" {
                row = i
                col = j
            }
        }
    }

    // 上
    for i := row - 1; i > 0; i-- {
        if string(board[i][col]) == "p" {
            cnt++
            break
        } else {
            if string(board[i][col]) != "." {
                break
            }
        }
    }
    
    // 下
    for i := row + 1; i < 8; i++ {
        if string(board[i][col]) == "p" {
            cnt++
            break
        } else {
            if  string(board[i][col]) != "." {
                break
            }
        }
    }

    // 左
    for j := col - 1; j > 0; j-- {
        if string(board[row][j]) == "p" {
            cnt++
            break
        } else {
            if  string(board[row][j]) != "." {
                break
            }
        }
    }

    // 右
    for j := col + 1; j < 8; j++ {
        if string(board[row][j]) == "p" {
            cnt++
            break
        } else {
            if  string(board[row][j]) != "." {
                break
            }
        }
    }

    return cnt
}

 

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