记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误

1、外网访问9200端口

系统centos7.0安装elasticsearch后本机可以访问127.0.0.1:9200,但不能访问【公网IP:9200】如何解决?

修改配置文件 config/elasticsearch.yml

network.host: 0.0.0.0
http.port: 9200

本人安装ElasticSearch的步骤完全参照
官方文档来进行,在此仅记录下安装过程遇到的一些错误以及解决的办法。
错误一 cannot allocate memory
记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误
解决方案: 虚拟机内存不够,关掉centos,重新加大内存分配,原先是512M,现在分配到1800M

记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误

错误二  can not run elasticsearch as root

记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误
解决方案: 不能用root用户登录来执行,切换为普通用户,

错误三 切换为普通用户后,权限不够

错误四  max virtual memory areas vm.max_count [65530] likely too low,increase to at least [26244] 

记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误
解决方案:https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/22241634?refer=dataeye
记录Linux下安装elasticSearch时遇到的一些错误

错误五 max file descriptors [4096]  for elasticsearch process likely too low,increase to at least[65536] 

请预先安装jdk

创建新用户(非root用户)

elasticsearch只能用非root启动,这里我创建了一个叫seven的用户

[root@localhost ~]# useradd seven
[root@localhost ~]# passwd seven

下载elasticsearch

[root@localhost ~]# su seven
[seven@localhost root]$ cd /home/seven
[seven@localhost ~]$ mkdir download
[seven@localhost ~]$ cd download
[seven@localhost download]$ wget https://download.elastic.co/elasticsearch/release/org/elasticsearch/distribution/tar/elasticsearch/5.0.0-alpha3/elasticsearch-5.0.0-alpha3.tar.gz

解压并运行elasticsearch

解压

[seven@localhost download]$ tar -zxvf elasticsearch-5.0.0-alpha3.tar.gz

移动到指定文件夹并重命名(方便管理)

[seven@localhost download]$ mv elasticsearch-5.0.0-alpha3 /usr/java/elasticsearch

修改访问elasticsearch的IP及端口

[seven@localhost config]$ vim /usr/java/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml

找到如下代码段,并取消network.host及http.port所在行的注释,修改IP及端口

# ---------------------------------- Network -----------------------------------
#
# Set the bind address to a specific IP (IPv4 or IPv6):
#
network.host: 192.168.0.155
#
# Set a custom port for HTTP:
#
http.port: 9200
#
# For more information, see the documentation at:
# <http://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/modules-network.html>

直接运行bin/elasticsearch文件启动elasticsearch

[seven@localhost bin]$ cd /usr/java/elasticsearch/bin/
[seven@localhost bin]$ ./elasticsearch

启动时发现报错了。。。

[seven@localhost bin]$ ./elasticsearch
[2016-06-28 13:49:27,899][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] version[5.0.0-alpha3], pid[3671], build[cad959b/2016-05-26T08:25:57.564Z], OS[Linux/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64/amd64], JVM[Oracle Corporation/Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM/1  .0_91/25.91-b14]
▽2016-06-28 13:49:27,900][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] initializing ...
[2016-06-28 13:49:28,941][INFO ][plugins                  ] [Mondo] modules [percolator, lang-mustache, lang-painless, ingest-grok, reindex, lang-expression, lang-groovy], plugins []
[2016-06-28 13:49:28,963][INFO ][env                      ] [Mondo] using [1] data paths, mounts [[/ (rootfs)]], net usable_space [15.7gb], net total_space [17.4gb], spins? [unknown], types [rootfs]
[2016-06-28 13:49:28,963][INFO ][env                      ] [Mondo] heap size [1.9gb], compressed ordinary object pointers [true]
[2016-06-28 13:49:31,980][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] initialized
[2016-06-28 13:49:31,980][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] starting ...
[2016-06-28 13:49:32,115][INFO ][transport                ] [Mondo] publish_address {192.168.0.155:9300}, bound_addresses {192.168.0.155:9300}
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: bootstrap checks failed
initial heap size [268435456] not equal to maximum heap size [2147483648]; this can cause resize pauses and prevents mlockall from locking the entire heap
max file descriptors [4096] for elasticsearch process likely too low, increase to at least [65536]
please set [discovery.zen.minimum_master_nodes] to a majority of the number of master eligible nodes in your cluster
max virtual memory areas vm.max_map_count [65530] likely too low, increase to at least [262144]
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:125)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:85)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:65)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap$5.validateNodeBeforeAcceptingRequests(Bootstrap.java:183)
        at org.elasticsearch.node.Node.start(Node.java:337)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:198)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap.init(Bootstrap.java:257)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.init(Elasticsearch.java:96)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.execute(Elasticsearch.java:91)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.SettingCommand.execute(SettingCommand.java:54)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.Command.mainWithoutErrorHandling(Command.java:91)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.Command.main(Command.java:53)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.main(Elasticsearch.java:70)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.main(Elasticsearch.java:63)
Refer to the log for complete error details.
[2016-06-28 13:49:32,144][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] stopping ...
[2016-06-28 13:49:32,198][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] stopped
[2016-06-28 13:49:32,198][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] closing ...
[2016-06-28 13:49:32,210][INFO ][node                     ] [Mondo] closed

于是我临时提高了vm.max_map_count的大小 
*此操作需要root权限

[root@localhost ~]# sysctl -w vm.max_map_count=262144

查看修改结果

[root@localhost ~]# sysctl -a|grep vm.max_map_count
vm.max_map_count = 262144

或者永久性修改

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysctl.conf | grep -v "vm.max_map_count" > /tmp/system_sysctl.conf
[root@localhost ~]# echo "vm.max_map_count=262144" >> /tmp/system_sysctl.conf
[root@localhost ~]# mv /tmp/system_sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.conf
mv:是否覆盖"/etc/sysctl.conf"? y
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysctl.conf
# System default settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf.
# To override those settings, enter new settings here, or in an /etc/sysctl.d/<name>.conf file
#
# For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).
vm.max_map_count=262144
[root@localhost ~]# sysctl -p
vm.max_map_count = 262144

上面还有一个错误是关于jvm内存分配的问题heap size [268435456] not equal to maximum heap size [2147483648],需要修改的jvm配置

[seven@localhost bin]$ vim /usr/java/elasticsearch/config/jvm.options

将-Xmx2g改成-Xmx256m,也就是heap size [268435456] /1024/1024的值

又有新的错误。。。

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: bootstrap checks failed
initial heap size [268435456] not equal to maximum heap size [2147483648]; this can cause resize pauses and prevents mlockall from locking the entire heap
max file descriptors [4096] for elasticsearch process likely too low, increase to at least [65536]
memory locking requested for elasticsearch process but memory is not locked
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:125)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:85)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.BootstrapCheck.check(BootstrapCheck.java:65)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap$5.validateNodeBeforeAcceptingRequests(Bootstrap.java:183)
        at org.elasticsearch.node.Node.start(Node.java:337)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:198)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Bootstrap.init(Bootstrap.java:257)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.init(Elasticsearch.java:96)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.execute(Elasticsearch.java:91)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.SettingCommand.execute(SettingCommand.java:54)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.Command.mainWithoutErrorHandling(Command.java:91)
        at org.elasticsearch.cli.Command.main(Command.java:53)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.main(Elasticsearch.java:70)
        at org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch.main(Elasticsearch.java:63)
Refer to the log for complete error details.
[2016-06-28 14:55:49,770][INFO ][node                     ] [Goldbug] stopping ...
[2016-06-28 14:55:49,875][INFO ][node                     ] [Goldbug] stopped
[2016-06-28 14:55:49,875][INFO ][node                     ] [Goldbug] closing ...
[2016-06-28 14:55:49,887][INFO ][node                     ] [Goldbug] closed

这个问题折腾了我一下午,最后还是找到了解决方案,同样回到config/elasticsearch.yml文件,找到如下配置,开放discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts及discovery.zen.minimum_master_nodes

# --------------------------------- Discovery ----------------------------------
#
# Pass an initial list of hosts to perform discovery when new node is started:
# The default list of hosts is ["127.0.0.1", "[::1]"]
#
discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["192.168.0.155"]
#
# Prevent the "split brain" by configuring the majority of nodes (total number of nodes / 2 + 1):
#
discovery.zen.minimum_master_nodes: 3
#
# For more information, see the documentation at:
# <http://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/modules-discovery.html>

然后修改max file descriptors [4096] for elasticsearch process likely too low, increase to at least [65536]这个错误(切换到root操作)

[root@localhost ~]# cp /etc/security/limits.conf /etc/security/limits.conf.bak
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/security/limits.conf | grep -v "seven" > /tmp/system_limits.conf
[root@localhost ~]# echo "seven hard nofile 65536" >> /tmp/system_limits.conf 
[root@localhost ~]# echo "seven soft nofile 65536" >> /tmp/system_limits.conf 
[root@localhost ~]# mv /tmp/system_limits.conf /etc/security/limits.conf

修改后重新登录seven用户,使用如下命令查看是否修改成功

[seven@localhost ~]$ ulimit -Hn
65536

接下来就可以启动elasticsearch了,启动完成使用浏览器访问http://192.168.0.155:9200

{
  "name" : "Vampire by Night",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "5.0.0-alpha3",
    "build_hash" : "cad959b",
    "build_date" : "2016-05-26T08:25:57.564Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "6.0.0"
  },
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
}

终于成功了,目前只遇到过这些问题,有其他问题欢迎交流。

elasticsearch 5.1 安装过程中遇到了一些问题做一些记录。

问题一:警告提示
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,543][INFO ][o.e.b.BootstrapCheck     ] [elk-node1] bound or publishing to a non-loopback or non-link-local address, enforcing bootstrap checks
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,552][ERROR][o.e.b.Bootstrap          ] [elk-node1] node validation exception
bootstrap checks failed
max number of threads [1024] for user [elasticsearch] is too low, increase to at least [2048]
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,560][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [elk-node1] stopping ...
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,628][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [elk-node1] stopped
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,629][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [elk-node1] closing ...
[2016-12-20T22:37:28,677][INFO ][o.e.n.Node               ] [elk-node1] closed

报了一大串错误,其实只是一个警告。

解决:使用心得linux版本,就不会出现此类问题了。

问题二:ERROR: bootstrap checks failed
max file descriptors [4096] for elasticsearch process likely too low, increase to at least [65536]
max number of threads [1024] for user [lishang] likely too low, increase to at least [2048]
解决:切换到root用户,编辑limits.conf 添加类似如下内容
vi /etc/security/limits.conf 

添加如下内容:

* soft nofile 65536
* hard nofile 131072
* soft nproc 2048
* hard nproc 4096
 
问题三:max number of threads [1024] for user [lish] likely too low, increase to at least [2048]

解决:切换到root用户,进入limits.d目录下修改配置文件。
vi /etc/security/limits.d/90-nproc.conf 
修改如下内容:

* soft nproc 1024
#修改为
* soft nproc 2048

问题四:max virtual memory areas vm.max_map_count [65530] likely too low, increase to at least [262144]

解决:切换到root用户修改配置sysctl.conf

vi /etc/sysctl.conf 
添加下面配置:
vm.max_map_count=655360
并执行命令:
sysctl -p
然后,重新启动elasticsearch,即可启动成功。
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