c#使用SHA256算法实现对文件的加密和解密

c#使用SHA256算法实现对文件的加密和解密

将当期目录的test.txt加密成文件test1.txt,再将加密后的test1.txt文件解密成test2.txt

测试代码

static void Main()
{
    MyEncrypt.SHA_Encrypt("test.txt", "test1.txt", "123456");  //文件加密
    MyEncrypt.SHA_Dencrypt("test1.txt", "test2.txt", "123456");  //文件解密
}

加密解密工具类的实现

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;
namespace util
{

    public class MyEncrypt
    {
        private const ulong FC_TAG = 0xFC010203040506CF;
        private const int BUFFER_SIZE = 128 * 1024;
        //检验两个Byte数组是否相同 
        private static bool CheckByteArrays(byte[] b1, byte[] b2)
        {
            if (b1.Length == b2.Length)
            {
                for (int i = 0; i < b1.Length; ++i)
                {
                    if (b1[i] != b2[i])
                        return false;
                }
                return true;
            }
            return false;
        }
        /// <param name="password">密码</param> 
        /// <param name="salt"></param> 
        /// <returns>加密对象</returns> 
        private static SymmetricAlgorithm CreateRijndael(string password, byte[] salt)
        {
            PasswordDeriveBytes pdb = new PasswordDeriveBytes(password, salt, "SHA256", 1000);
            SymmetricAlgorithm sma = Rijndael.Create();
            sma.KeySize = 256;
            sma.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            sma.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
            return sma;
        }
        // 加密文件随机数生成 
        private static RandomNumberGenerator rand = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();
        // 生成指定长度的随机Byte数组 
        private static byte[] GenerateRandomBytes(int count)
        {
            byte[] bytes = new byte[count];
            rand.GetBytes(bytes);
            return bytes;
        }

        // 加密文件 
        public static void SHA_Encrypt(string inFile, string outFile, string password)
        {
            using (FileStream fin = File.OpenRead(inFile),
            fout = File.OpenWrite(outFile))
            {
                long lSize = fin.Length; // 输入文件长度 
                int size = (int)lSize;
                byte[] bytes = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE]; // 缓存 
                int read = -1; // 输入文件读取数量 
                int value = 0;
                // 获取IV和salt 
                byte[] IV = GenerateRandomBytes(16);
                byte[] salt = GenerateRandomBytes(16);
                // 创建加密对象 
                SymmetricAlgorithm sma = CreateRijndael(password, salt);
                sma.IV = IV;
                // 在输出文件开始部分写入IV和salt 
                fout.Write(IV, 0, IV.Length);
                fout.Write(salt, 0, salt.Length);
                // 创建散列加密 
                HashAlgorithm hasher = SHA256.Create();
                using (CryptoStream cout = new CryptoStream(fout, sma.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write),
                chash = new CryptoStream(Stream.Null, hasher, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    BinaryWriter bw = new BinaryWriter(cout);
                    bw.Write(lSize);
                    bw.Write(FC_TAG);
                    // 读写字节块到加密流缓冲区 
                    while ((read = fin.Read(bytes, 0, bytes.Length)) != 0)
                    {
                        cout.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        chash.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        value += read;
                    }
                    // 关闭加密流 
                    chash.Flush();
                    chash.Close();
                    // 读取散列 
                    byte[] hash = hasher.Hash;
                    // 输入文件写入散列 
                    cout.Write(hash, 0, hash.Length);
                    // 关闭文件流 
                    cout.Flush();
                    cout.Close();
                }
            }
        }
        // 解密文件 
        public static void SHA_Dencrypt(string inFile, string outFile, string password)
        {
            // 创建打开文件流 
            using (FileStream fin = File.OpenRead(inFile),
            fout = File.OpenWrite(outFile))
            {
                int size = (int)fin.Length;
                byte[] bytes = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                int read = -1;
                int value = 0;
                int outValue = 0;
                byte[] IV = new byte[16];
                fin.Read(IV, 0, 16);
                byte[] salt = new byte[16];
                fin.Read(salt, 0, 16);
                SymmetricAlgorithm sma = CreateRijndael(password, salt);
                sma.IV = IV;
                value = 32;
                long lSize = -1;
                // 创建散列对象, 校验文件 
                HashAlgorithm hasher = SHA256.Create();
                using (CryptoStream cin = new CryptoStream(fin, sma.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Read),
                chash = new CryptoStream(Stream.Null, hasher, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    // 读取文件长度 
                    BinaryReader br = new BinaryReader(cin);
                    lSize = br.ReadInt64();
                    ulong tag = br.ReadUInt64();
                    if (FC_TAG != tag)
                        throw new Exception("文件被破坏");
                    long numReads = lSize / BUFFER_SIZE;
                    long slack = (long)lSize % BUFFER_SIZE;
                    for (int i = 0; i < numReads; ++i)
                    {
                        read = cin.Read(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
                        fout.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        chash.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        value += read;
                        outValue += read;
                    }
                    if (slack > 0)
                    {
                        read = cin.Read(bytes, 0, (int)slack);
                        fout.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        chash.Write(bytes, 0, read);
                        value += read;
                        outValue += read;
                    }
                    chash.Flush();
                    chash.Close();
                    fout.Flush();
                    fout.Close();
                    byte[] curHash = hasher.Hash;
                    // 获取比较和旧的散列对象 
                    byte[] oldHash = new byte[hasher.HashSize / 8];
                    read = cin.Read(oldHash, 0, oldHash.Length);
                    if ((oldHash.Length != read) || (!CheckByteArrays(oldHash, curHash)))
                        throw new Exception("文件被破坏");
                }
                if (outValue != lSize)
                    throw new Exception("文件大小不匹配");
            }
        }
    } 
}
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