SSH2 整合

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/flyoung2008/archive/2011/09/03/2165833.html

网上的教程很多,参考了一些,自己再总结一下。

版本:Struts2.2.3  Spring3.0 Hibernate3.3

myeclipse8.6

整合步骤如下:

1、新建web工程

2、添加spring

3、添加hibernate

4、添加struts2

5、配置文件

新建web工程

添加spring

添加hibernate

注:之前可以先添加dataSource 具体步骤:Window->Open Perspective->MyEclipse Database Explorer

切换到Database Explorer视图

对表进行Hibernate反向转换

添加struts2

向/WEB-INF/lib添加jar包

最小jar包

配置web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> 
<web-app id="WebApp_9" version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
  <display-name>Struts Blank</display-name> 
  <!-- 配置spring的监听器 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>/WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <!-- 开启监听 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>
            org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
        </listener-class>
    </listener>
  <filter>
  <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> 
  <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class> 
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
  <filter-name>struts2</filter-name> 
  <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> 
  </filter-mapping>
  <welcome-file-list>
  <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file> 
  </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

配置struts.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!--  指定Struts 2配置文件的DTD信息  -->
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
      "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
      "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.0.dtd">
<struts>
    <package name="default" extends="struts-default">
    <!-- spring管理action class的值为applicationContext中action bean的id -->
        <action name="login" class="userAction"  method="login">
            <result name="success">success.jsp</result>
            <result name="input">index.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>

配置applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
 xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd">
    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName"
            value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver">
        </property>
        <property name="url"
            value="jdbc:mysql://10.6.12.123:3306/db_bbs">
        </property>
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="123456"></property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="sessionFactory"
        class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource">
            <ref bean="dataSource" />
        </property>
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">
                    org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
                </prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop><!-- show sql语句 -->
            </props>
        </property>
        <property name="mappingResources">
            <list>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbTopic.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbReply.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbModerator.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbMail.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbForum.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbFile.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbDisk.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbDirectory.hbm.xml</value>
                <value>com/ideal/model/TbUser.hbm.xml</value></list>
        </property></bean>
        <!-- 配置Hibernate的局部事物管理器 -->
        <bean id="transactionManager"
             class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">
           <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
           </property>
        </bean>
        <!-- 配置事物切面Bean -->
       <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
          <tx:attributes>
              <tx:method name="get*" read-only="true"></tx:method>
              <tx:method name="*"></tx:method>
          </tx:attributes>
        </tx:advice>
        <!-- 配置一个切入点,匹配指定包下所有以Impl结尾的类 -->
        <!-- 由于Spring注入的是接口,关联的是实现类。在Spring的配置文件加上下面代码,注明可以用实现类注入    <aop:config proxy-target-class=“true”></aop:config>   -->
        <aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
         <aop:pointcut id="idealPointcut" expression="execution(* com.ideal.service.impl.*Impl.*(..))"/>
         <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="idealPointcut"/>
        </aop:config>
        
    <bean id="TbUserDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbUserDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbTopicDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbTopicDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbReplyDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbReplyDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbModeratorDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbModeratorDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbMailDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbMailDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbForumDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbForumDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbFileDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbFileDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbDiskDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbDiskDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="TbDirectoryDAO" class="com.ideal.dao.TbDirectoryDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 向UserServiceImpl注入TbUserDAO -->
    <bean id="userServiceImpl" class="com.ideal.service.impl.UserServiceImpl">
        <property name="userDAO">
            <ref bean="TbUserDAO" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 向UserAction注入UserServiceImpl -->
    <bean id="userAction" class="com.ideal.action.UserAction">
         <property name="userServiceImpl">
            <ref bean="userServiceImpl" />
        </property>
    </bean>
    </beans>

遇到的问题:

Caused by: org.springframework.beans.ConversionNotSupportedException: Failed to convert property value of type '$Proxy4 implementing com.ideal.service.interfaces.UserService,org.springframework.aop.SpringProxy,org.springframework.aop.framework.Advised' to required type 'com.ideal.service.impl.UserServiceImpl' for property 'userServiceImpl'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot convert value of type [$Proxy4 implementing com.ideal.service.interfaces.UserService,org.springframework.aop.SpringProxy,org.springframework.aop.framework.Advised] to required type [com.ideal.service.impl.UserServiceImpl] for property 'userServiceImpl': no matching editors or conversion strategy found
    at org.springframework.beans.BeanWrapperImpl.convertForProperty(BeanWrapperImpl.java:462)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.convertForProperty(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1354)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyPropertyValues(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1313)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1067)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:511)
    ... 35 more
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot convert value of type [$Proxy4 implementing com.ideal.service.interfaces.UserService,org.springframework.aop.SpringProxy,org.springframework.aop.framework.Advised] to required type [com.ideal.service.impl.UserServiceImpl] for property 'userServiceImpl': no matching editors or conversion strategy found
    at org.springframework.beans.TypeConverterDelegate.convertIfNecessary(TypeConverterDelegate.java:289)
    at org.springframework.beans.TypeConverterDelegate.convertIfNecessary(TypeConverterDelegate.java:154)
    at org.springframework.beans.BeanWrapperImpl.convertForProperty(BeanWrapperImpl.java:452)
    ... 39 more

解决的方法:

com.ideal.service.impl.UserServiceImpl实现的是com.ideal.service.interfaces.UserService接口,由于spring实现的是接口注入,关联的实现类。这里实现注入类,所以出现了异常。
在spring配置文件加入以下代码,实现类注入

<aop:config proxy-target-class="true"></aop:config> 

遇到的问题:

org/objectweb/asm/Type异常
nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: 
org/objectweb/asm/Type

解决方法:

原因是Spring中的cglib-nodep-2.x.x.jar与Hibernate中的cglib-2.2.jar相冲突!
两种框架整合时Spring中的cglib-nodep-2.x.x.jar是必须的,取消Hibernate中的cglib-2.2.jar即可

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