This guide seeks to give some standard advice on how to tune the ROS Navigation Stack on a robot. This guide is in no way comprehensive, but should give some insight into the process. I'd also encourage folks to make sure they've read the ROS Navigation Tutorial before this post as it gives a good overview on setting the navigation stack up on a robot wheras this guide just gives advice on the process.
This tutorial provides a guide to using rviz with the navigation stack to initialize the localization system, send goals to the robot, and view the many visualizations that the navigation stack publishes over ROS.
This tutorial provides step-by-step instructions for how to get the navigation stack running on a robot. Topics covered include: sending transforms using tf, publishing odometry information, publishing sensor data from a laser over ROS, and basic navigation stack configuration.
This tutorial provides an example of publishing odometry information for the navigation stack. It covers both publishing the nav_msgs/Odometry message over ROS, and a transform from a "odom" coordinate frame to a "base_link" coordinate frame over tf.
Many of the tf tutorials are available for both C++ and Python. The tutorials are streamlined to complete either the C++ track or the Python track. If you want to learn both C++ and Python, you should run through the tutorials once for C++ and once for Python. Note that the general concept itself is explained directly on tf package.
This tutorial gives a full example of a robot model with URDF that uses robot_state_publisher. First, we create the URDF model with all the necessary parts. Then we write a node which publishes the JointState and transforms. Finally, we run all the parts together.