ssm验证码生成工具类

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/a1265262132/article/details/80923896

创建验证码生成类CheckImgServlet.java

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

/**
 * 验证码生成程序
 * 
 * 
 * 
 */
public class CheckImgServlet extends HttpServlet {

	// 集合中保存所有成语
	private List<String> words = new ArrayList<String>();

	@Override
	public void init() throws ServletException {
		// 初始化阶段,读取new_words.txt
		// web工程中读取 文件,必须使用绝对磁盘路径
		String path = getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/new_words.txt");//对应验证码资源文件的位置
		try {
			BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
					new FileInputStream(path), "utf-8"));
			String line;
			while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
				words.add(line);
			}
			reader.close();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		// 禁止缓存
		// response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
		// response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
		// response.setDateHeader("Expires", -1);

		int width = 120;
		int height = 30;

		// 步骤一 绘制一张内存中图片
		BufferedImage bufferedImage = new BufferedImage(width, height,
				BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

		// 步骤二 图片绘制背景颜色 ---通过绘图对象
		Graphics graphics = bufferedImage.getGraphics();// 得到画图对象 --- 画笔
		// 绘制任何图形之前 都必须指定一个颜色
		graphics.setColor(getRandColor(200, 250));
		graphics.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);

		// 步骤三 绘制边框
		graphics.setColor(Color.WHITE);
		graphics.drawRect(0, 0, width - 1, height - 1);

		// 步骤四 四个随机数字
		Graphics2D graphics2d = (Graphics2D) graphics;
		// 设置输出字体
		graphics2d.setFont(new Font("宋体", Font.BOLD, 18));

		Random random = new Random();// 生成随机数
		int index = random.nextInt(words.size());
		String word = words.get(index);// 获得成语

		// 定义x坐标
		int x = 10;
		for (int i = 0; i < word.length(); i++) {
			// 随机颜色
			graphics2d.setColor(new Color(20 + random.nextInt(110), 20 + random
					.nextInt(110), 20 + random.nextInt(110)));
			// 旋转 -30 --- 30度
			int jiaodu = random.nextInt(60) - 30;
			// 换算弧度
			double theta = jiaodu * Math.PI / 180;

			// 获得字母数字
			char c = word.charAt(i);

			// 将c 输出到图片
			graphics2d.rotate(theta, x, 20);
			graphics2d.drawString(String.valueOf(c), x, 20);
			graphics2d.rotate(-theta, x, 20);
			x += 30;
		}

		// 将验证码内容保存session
		request.getSession().setAttribute("checkcode_session", word);

		System.out.println(word);

		// 步骤五 绘制干扰线
		// graphics.setColor(getRandColor(160, 200));
		// int x1;
		// int x2;
		// int y1;
		// int y2;
		// for (int i = 0; i < 30; i++) {
		// x1 = random.nextInt(width);
		// x2 = random.nextInt(12);
		// y1 = random.nextInt(height);
		// y2 = random.nextInt(12);
		// graphics.drawLine(x1, y1, x1 + x2, x2 + y2);
		// }

		// 将上面图片输出到浏览器 ImageIO
		graphics.dispose();// 释放资源
		ImageIO.write(bufferedImage, "jpg", response.getOutputStream());

	}

	public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
			throws ServletException, IOException {
		doGet(request, response);
	}

	/**
	 * 取其某一范围的color
	 * 
	 * @param fc
	 *            int 范围参数1
	 * @param bc
	 *            int 范围参数2
	 * @return Color
	 */
	private Color getRandColor(int fc, int bc) {
		// 取其随机颜色
		Random random = new Random();
		if (fc > 255) {
			fc = 255;
		}
		if (bc > 255) {
			bc = 255;
		}
		int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
		int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
		int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
		return new Color(r, g, b);
	}

}

配置web.xml中的验证码servlet

  <!-- 验证码servlet -->
  <servlet>
  	<servlet-name>checkImg</servlet-name>
  	<servlet-class>CheckImgServlet</servlet-class>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
  	<servlet-name>checkImg</servlet-name>
  	<url-pattern>/checkImg</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
  

 

  

在WEB-INF目录下建立验证码资源文件new_words.txt文件

一唱一和
一呼百应
一干二净
一举两得
一落千丈
一模一样
一暴十寒
一日千里
一五一十

在jsp页面中加入代码

<tr>
                        <td>验证码:</td>
                        <td>
                            <input type="text" name="checkcode" id="checkcode">
                            <img src='checkImg' id="im" onclick="change();">
                            <span id="checkcode_span">
                            </span>
                            <br/>
                        </td>
                    </tr>

启动tomcat在浏览器地址栏输入 http://localhost:8080/项目名/checkImg 实现调用

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