The Beginner’s Guide To Grammar2018翻译。每天翻译一点儿，学习加锻炼英文水平。
If you ever feel dread when you hear the word grammar, I understand. I used to feel the same way. For years, I thought that grammar was confusing and boring. I thought that I wasn’t smart enough to “get” it – a self-limiting belief that stayed with me through most of college, where I was studying to become a teacher.
假如你曾一听见语法这个词就感觉恐惧，我能理解。我过去有相同的感觉。那些年，我认为语法既令人困惑又无聊。我觉得我没那么聪明能去理解它 —— 在大学里我学习成为一个老师，而这种自我限制的思想伴随我度过整个大学。
I was lucky enough to have a couple of amazing teachers later in my life,and they helped me understand grammar.I suddenly felt like I could conquer the world!
I started teaching my students using the same techniques that helped me,and they loved it! Once I saw how much they were learing and how much they enjoy themselves, I realized how painless - and even fun - grammar could be.
My goal with Grammer Revolution is to open you up to the joy of understanding how language works. I want to turn your dread into confidence and your boredom into fascination. I want to help you love language.
I hope that you enjoy this guide and that it inspires you to learn more about grammar and sentence diagramming.
Welcome to the Grammar Revolution!
The Parts Of Speech 词性
Let’s get started! Did you know that we can categorize the words that we use into eight groups called the parts of speech?
Just think about that fact for a minute.We use thousands, and they can all be separted into just eight groups! Isn’t tat the coolest thing ever?
1. Nouns 名词
2. Pronouns 代词
3. Verbs 动词
4. Adjectives 形容词
5. Adverbs 副词
6. Prepositions 介词
7. Conjunctions 连词
8. Interjections 感叹词
Many words can function as multiple parts of speech.(Find this video at the bottom of the linked page.)
For your learning pleasure, I’ve listed all eight parts of speech in this handy little guide.
You’ll find a brief definition,a few examples, and a sentence diagram for each one. Are you familiar with sentence diagrams?
They are pictures of sentences. They are made up of lines and words, and they show us how each word in a sentence is related to the other words.
Sentences are simpler than you think!
Remember that this is a beginner’s guide and my goal is to give you a big-picture understanding of these categories.Do not fret about having a perfect understanding of all of this information. This is especially true if you’re new to studying grammar and sentence diagramming. Just take in whatever you can. I can feel you getting smarter already.
1.Nouns name people,places,things, or ideas.
* The fish swam throufh the water in the pond.
* A peacock walked through our yard.
Sentence diagrams show us the jobs that words perform.As you can see in the following sentence diagram, nouns can perform many jobs.(You’ll see the word noun where nouns can go.)