动态创建selectjs 操作select和option

1.动态创建select

function createSelect(){
          var mySelect = document.createElement("select");
          mySelect.id = "mySelect"; 
          document.body.appendChild(mySelect);
      }

2.添加选项option

 function addOption(){

          //根据id查找对象,
           var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');

           //添加一个选项
           obj.add(new Option("文本","值"));    //这个只能在IE中有效
           obj.options.add(new Option("text","value")); //这个兼容IE与firefox
     }

3.删除所有选项option   

  function removeAll(){
           var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');
           obj.options.length=0;

     }

4.删除一个选项option

function removeOne(){
           var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');

           //index,要删除选项的序号,这里取当前选中选项的序号
           var index=obj.selectedIndex;
           obj.options.remove(index);
     }

5.获得选项option的值

var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val = obj.options[index].value;


6.获得选项option的文本

var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val = obj.options[index].text;

 

7.修改选项option

var obj=document.getElementById('mySelect');

var index=obj.selectedIndex; //序号,取当前选中选项的序号

var val = obj.options[index]=new Option("新文本","新值");


8.删除select     

function removeSelect(){
            var mySelect = document.getElementById("mySelect");
mySelect.parentNode.removeChild(mySelect);
     }


 

整个实例的完整代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//ZH-CN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
   <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html">
<head>
   <script language=JavaScript>
    function $(id)
    {
     return document.getElementById(id)
    }
    function show()
    {
     var selectObj=$("area")
     var myOption=document.createElement("option")
     myOption.setAttribute("value","10")
     myOption.appendChild(document.createTextNode("上海"))
     var myOption1=document.createElement("option")
     myOption1.setAttribute("value","100")
     myOption1.appendChild(document.createTextNode("南京"))
     selectObj.appendChild(myOption)
     selectObj.appendChild(myOption1)
    }
    function choice()
    {
     var index=$("area").selectedIndex;
     var val=$("area").options[index].getAttribute("value")
     if(val==10)
     {
      var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
     var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
     remobj.removeNode(true)
      var sh=document.createElement("select")
      sh.add(new Option("浦东新区","101"))
      sh.add(new Option("黄浦区","102"))
      sh.add(new Option("徐汇区","103"))
      sh.add(new Option("普陀区","104"))
      $("context").appendChild(sh)
     }
     if(val==100)
     {
      var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
     var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
     remobj.removeNode(true)
      var nj=document.createElement("select")
      nj.add(new Option("玄武区","201"))
      nj.add(new Option("白下区","202"))
      nj.add(new Option("下关区","203"))
      nj.add(new Option("栖霞区","204"))
      $("context").appendChild(nj)
     }
    }
    function calc()
    {
     var x=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
     alert(x)
    }
    function remove()
    {
     var i=$("context").childNodes.length-1;
     var remobj=$("context").childNodes[i];
     remobj.removeNode(true)
    }
   </script>
<body>
<div id="context">
   <select id="area" οnchange="choice()">
   </select>
</div>
<input type=button value="显示" οnclick="show()">
<input type=button value="计算结点" οnclick="calc()">
<input type=button value="删除" οnclick="remove()">
</body>
</html>


改进版:在select中添加、修改、删除option元素

function watch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
var word = document.createElement("OPTION");
word.text = arguments[i];
watch.keywords.add(word); // watch. is form name
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
var word = document.createElement("OPTION");
word.text = f.word.value;
f.keywords.add(word); 
}
但上述 add() 方法只在IE下有效,为兼容FF和Opera,对上述代码进行了一下改进,改动后代码如下: function watch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
   var oOption=new Option(arguments[i],arguments[i]);
   document.getElementById("MySelect")[i]=oOption;
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
   var oOption=new Option(f.word.value,f.word.value);
   f.keywords[f.keywords.length]=oOption;
}



整个实例的完整代码如下:

<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en">
<html>
<head>
<title>javascript select options text value</title>
<meta name="keywords" content="javascript select options text value add modify delete set">
<meta name="description" content="javascript select options text value add modify delete set">
<script language="javascript">
<!--
function watch_ini(){ // 初始
for(var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++){
   var oOption=new Option(arguments[i],arguments[i]);
   document.getElementById("MySelect")[i]=oOption;
}
}
function watch_add(f){ // 增加
   var oOption=new Option(f.word.value,f.word.value);
   f.keywords[f.keywords.length]=oOption;
}
function watch_sel(f){ // 编辑
f.word.value = f.keywords[f.keywords.selectedIndex].text;
}
function watch_mod(f){ // 修改
f.keywords[f.keywords.selectedIndex].text = f.word.value;
}
function watch_del(f){ // 删除
f.keywords.remove(f.keywords.selectedIndex);
}
function watch_set(f){ // 保存
var set = "";
for(var i=0; i<f.keywords.length; i++){
set += f.keywords[i].text + ";";
}
confirm(set);
}
//-->
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form name="watch" method="post" action="">
<select id="MySelect" name="keywords" size="10" οnchange="watch_sel(this.form)"></select><br>
<script language="javascript">
<!--
watch_ini("我","你","妳","他","她","它","尔"); // 初始关键词
//-->
</script>
<input type="text" name="word" /><br />
<input type="button" value="增加" οnclick="watch_add(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="修改" οnclick="watch_mod(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="删除" οnclick="watch_del(this.form);" />
<input type="button" value="保存" οnclick="watch_set(this.form);" />
</form>


 

用一个字符串创建一个数组方法:

<script language="javascript">   

function spli(){ 

datastr="2,2,3,5,6,6";      

var str= new Array();    

   str=datastr.split(",");      

 for (i=0;i<str.length ;i++ )   

  { document.write(str[i]+"<br/>");  }   

}   

spli();   

</script>

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