(精华)2020年6月28日 Canvas 动态绘图

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>绘制矩形</title>
</head>

<body>
    <canvas id="myCanvas" width="500" height="400" style="border:1px solid red;">
        <p>您的系统不支持此程序!</p>
    </canvas>
    <div id="allStyleBox">
        <b>选形状:</b>
        <select id="pickShape" tag="shape">
            <option value="rect">画矩形</option>
            <option value="arc">画圆</option>
            <option value="line">画线</option>
            <option value="clear">橡皮擦</option>
        </select>

        <b>选颜色</b>
        <select id="pickColor" tag="color">
            <option value="red">红色</option>
            <option value="black">黑色</option>
        </select>
        <b>填充 还是 描边</b>
        <select id="pickStroke" tag="strokeFill">
            <option value="fill">填充</option>
            <option value="stroke">描边</option>
        </select>
        <b>线宽</b>
        <select id="pickLine" tag='line'>
            <option value="1">1</option>
            <option value="5">5</option>
            <option value="10">10</option>
        </select>
        <b>橡皮擦宽度</b>
        <select id="pickClear" tag='clearWidth'>
            <option value="5">5</option>
            <option value="10">10</option>
            <option value="15">15</option>
        </select>
    </div>
    <script>
        var canvas = document.getElementById('myCanvas');
        var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

        var drawShapeObj = {
            shape: pickShape.value,
            color: pickColor.value,
            line: pickLine.value,
            strokeFill: pickStroke.value,
            clearWidth: pickClear.value
        };
        var imageData = '';

        function dragImg(fn) {
            var moving = false; //标记是否在拖动
            var dis = {};
            canvas.onmousedown = function (e) {
                moving = true;
                dis = {
                    x: e.clientX,
                    y: e.clientY
                }
            }
            canvas.onmousemove = function (e) {
                if (!moving) {
                    return;
                }
                fn && fn.call(e, dis);
            }
            canvas.onmouseup = function (e) {
                moving = false;
                imageData = ctx.getImageData(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
                console.log(imageData);
            }
        }

        var shapeFun = {
            common: function () {
                ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
                //样式
                ctx.beginPath();
                ctx.lineWidth = drawShapeObj.line;
                ctx.strokeStyle = drawShapeObj.color;
                ctx.fillStyle = drawShapeObj.color;

                shapeFun.reDrawAll();
            },
            reDrawAll: function () {
                //绘制之前的形状
                imageData && ctx.putImageData(imageData, 0, 0);
            },
            rect: function (dis) {
                // console.log('rect');
                //画一个矩形 this -- event
                //思路一:只清除所绘制的那个区域
                // ctx.clearRect(dis.x,dis.y,this.clientX-dis.x,this.clientY-dis.y);  //清除所画区域
                shapeFun.common();
                ctx.rect(dis.x, dis.y, Math.abs(this.clientX - dis.x), Math.abs(this.clientY - dis.y)); //路径
                ctx[drawShapeObj.strokeFill]();
                ctx.closePath();
            },
            arc: function (dis) {
                shapeFun.common();
                var radius = Math.abs(this.clientX - dis.x);
                ctx.moveTo(dis.x + radius, dis.y);
                ctx.arc(dis.x, dis.y, radius, 0, 2 * Math.PI, true);
                ctx[drawShapeObj.strokeFill]();
                ctx.closePath();
            },
            line: function (dis) {
                shapeFun.common();
                ctx.moveTo(dis.x, dis.y);
                ctx.lineTo(this.clientX, this.clientY);
                ctx.stroke();
            },
            clear: function (dis) {
                console.log('clear');
                ctx.clearRect(this.clientX, this.clientY, drawShapeObj.clearWidth, drawShapeObj.clearWidth);
            }
        }
        dragImg(shapeFun[drawShapeObj.shape]);

        allStyleBox.addEventListener('change', function (ev) {
            var target = ev.target,
                tag = target.getAttribute('tag');
            drawShapeObj[tag] = target.value;
            dragImg(shapeFun[drawShapeObj.shape]);
        })
    </script>
</body>

</html>

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