# 一、十六进制转换工具类

/**
* Created by wly on 2018/4/17.
*/
public class HexConvert {

public static String  convertStringToHex(String str){

char[] chars = str.toCharArray();

StringBuffer hex = new StringBuffer();
for(int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++){
hex.append(Integer.toHexString((int)chars[i]));
}

return hex.toString();
}

public static String convertHexToString(String hex){

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder();

for( int i=0; i<hex.length()-1; i+=2 ){

String s = hex.substring(i, (i + 2));
int decimal = Integer.parseInt(s, 16);
sb.append((char)decimal);
sb2.append(decimal);
}

return sb.toString();
}
public static byte[] hexStringToBytes(String hexString) {
if (hexString == null || hexString.equals("")) {
return null;
}
// toUpperCase将字符串中的所有字符转换为大写
hexString = hexString.toUpperCase();
int length = hexString.length() / 2;
// toCharArray将此字符串转换为一个新的字符数组。
char[] hexChars = hexString.toCharArray();
byte[] d = new byte[length];
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
int pos = i * 2;
d[i] = (byte) (charToByte(hexChars[pos]) << 4 | charToByte(hexChars[pos + 1]));
}
return d;
}
//返回匹配字符
private static byte charToByte(char c) {
return (byte) "0123456789ABCDEF".indexOf(c);
}

//将字节数组转换为short类型，即统计字符串长度
public static short bytes2Short2(byte[] b) {
short i = (short) (((b[1] & 0xff) << 8) | b[0] & 0xff);
return i;
}
//将字节数组转换为16进制字符串
public static String BinaryToHexString(byte[] bytes) {
String hexStr = "0123456789ABCDEF";
String result = "";
String hex = "";
for (byte b : bytes) {
hex = String.valueOf(hexStr.charAt((b & 0xF0) >> 4));
hex += String.valueOf(hexStr.charAt(b & 0x0F));
result += hex + " ";
}
return result;
}

public static void main(String[] args) {

System.out.println("======ASCII码转换为16进制======");
String str = "*00007VERSION\\n1$"; System.out.println("字符串: " + str); String hex = HexConvert.convertStringToHex(str); System.out.println("====转换为16进制=====" + hex); System.out.println("======16进制转换为ASCII======"); System.out.println("Hex : " + hex); System.out.println("ASCII : " + HexConvert.convertHexToString(hex)); byte[] bytes = HexConvert.hexStringToBytes( hex ); System.out.println(HexConvert.BinaryToHexString( bytes )); } }  # 二、接收数据 public class UdpReceiverThread { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { // 定义一个接收端，并且指定了接收的端口号 DatagramSocket socket = new DatagramSocket(6070); while (true) { byte[] buf = new byte[1024*5]; // 解析数据包 DatagramPacket packet = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length); socket.receive(packet); String ip = packet.getAddress().getHostAddress(); buf = packet.getData(); //将字节数组转换为16进制字符串 String hexString = HexConvert.BinaryToHexString( buf );//含有空格，如：2A 30 30 30 30 37 56 45 52 53 49 4F 4E 5C 6E 31 24 hexString = hexString.replace( " ","" );//去除空格 String asc = HexConvert.convertHexToString( hexString );//转为ASCII,如：*00007VERSION\n1$

System.out.println("收到 " + ip + " 发来的消息：" + asc);

}

}
}


# 三、发送数据

public class UDPSenderThread {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
DatagramSocket socket = new DatagramSocket();

String serial = "*00007VERSION\\n1\$";//串口字符串

String hex = HexConvert.convertStringToHex(serial);//转化为十六进制字符串：2a303030303756455253494f4e5c6e3124

byte[] buf = HexConvert.hexStringToBytes( hex );//将十六进制字符串转为字节数组

//将数据打包
DatagramPacket packet = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length, InetAddress.getByName("192.168.11.139"), 6070);

socket.send(packet);

socket.close();

}
}


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