CentOS7.2中vsftp安装、配置、卸载

1. 安装VSFTP

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[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install vsftpd

2. 配置vsftpd.conf文件

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

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# Example config file /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
#
# The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
# loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
# Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
#
# READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
# Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
# capabilities.
#
# Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware - allowed by default if you comment this out).
#anonymous_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
local_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
write_enable=YES
#
# Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
# if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
local_umask=022
#
# Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
# has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
# obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
#anon_upload_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
# new directories.
#anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
#
# Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
# go into a certain directory.
dirmessage_enable=YES
#
# The target log file can be vsftpd_log_file or xferlog_file.
# This depends on setting xferlog_std_format parameter
xferlog_enable=YES
#
# Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
connect_from_port_20=YES
#
# If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
# a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
# recommended!
#chown_uploads=YES
 
#chown_username=whoever
#
# The name of log file when xferlog_enable=YES and xferlog_std_format=YES
# WARNING - changing this filename affects /etc/logrotate.d/vsftpd.log
#xferlog_file=/var/log/xferlog
#
# Switches between logging into vsftpd_log_file and xferlog_file files.
# NO writes to vsftpd_log_file, YES to xferlog_file
xferlog_std_format=YES
#
# You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
idle_session_timeout=600
#
# You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
data_connection_timeout=120
#
# It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
# ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
#nopriv_user=ftpsecure
#
# Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
# recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
# however, may confuse older FTP clients.
#async_abor_enable=YES
#
# By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
# the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
# mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
# Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
# attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
# predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
# raw file.
# ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
ascii_upload_enable=YES
ascii_download_enable=YES
 
#
# You may fully customise the login banner string:
ftpd_banner=Welcome to lightnear FTP service.
#
# You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
# useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
#deny_email_enable=YES
# (default follows)
#banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd/banned_emails
#
# You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
# directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
# users to NOT chroot().
chroot_local_user=YES
#chroot_list_enable=YES
# (default follows)
#chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd/chroot_list
#
# You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
# default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
# sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
# the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
ls_recurse_enable=YES
#
# When "listen" directive is enabled, vsftpd runs in standalone mode and
# listens on IPv4 sockets. This directive cannot be used in conjunction
# with the listen_ipv6 directive.
listen=YES  (有些是ON,需要改为YES
#
# This directive enables listening on IPv6 sockets. To listen on IPv4 and IPv6
# sockets, you must run two copies of vsftpd with two configuration files.
# Make sure, that one of the listen options is commented !!
#listen_ipv6=YES (这里因为不支持IPV6,所以一定要注释掉,不然会报错)
 
pam_service_name=vsftpd
userlist_enable=YES
userlist_deny=NO  (这里一定要改为NO,默认是YES)
local_root=/var/public_root
tcp_wrappers=YES
use_localtime=YES

3. 增加FTP帐户

这里设置的账户名为“cent”,密码为“cent”

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[root@localhost ~]# useradd cent -s /sbin/nologin
[root@localhost ~]# passwd cent

4. 编辑user_list文件,允许cent用户访问FTP

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[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/vsftpd/user_list
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# vsftpd userlist
# If userlist_deny=NO, only allow users in this file
# If userlist_deny=YES (default), never allow users in this file, and
# do not even prompt for a password.
# Note that the default vsftpd pam config also checks /etc/vsftpd/ftpusers
# for users that are denied.
root
bin
daemon
adm
lp
sync
shutdown
halt
mail
news
uucp
operator
games
nobody
cent

5. 建立我们的根目录,并设置访问权限

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[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /var/public_root
[root@localhost ~]# chown -R cent /var/public_root
[root@localhost ~]# chmod -R 755 /var/public_root

6. 开启vsftpd服务

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[root@localhost ~]# service vsftpd start

7.默认开启vsftp服务

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[root@localhost var]# chkconfig vsftpd on

centos 卸载vsftpd方法

如果服务器上安装了vsftpd,配置出错需要卸载vsftpd

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[root@localhost ~]# rpm -aq vsftpd

vsftpd-2.0.5-16.el5_5.1 #此处是查找vsftpd的返回结果

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[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e vsftpd-2.0.5-16.el5_5.1

#用rpm -e 查找结果 进行删除就ok了。
warning: /etc/vsftpd/user_list saved as /etc/vsftpd/user_list.rpmsave
warning: /etc/vsftpd/ftpusers saved as /etc/vsftpd/ftpusers.rpmsave #删除时将备份vsftp的用户列表文件。

看下是否卸载了vsftpd,进行stop及start操作:

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[root@localhost ~]# /sbin/service vsftpd stop

vsftpd: unrecognized service #找不到vsftpd

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[root@localhost ~]# /sbin/service vsftpd start

vsftpd: unrecognized service #找不到vsftpd记住,在卸载vsftpd之前,先停止vsftpd。

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----如果没有安装FTP客户端则还需要执行以下两步骤---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  1. 没有安装ftp客户端就会提示没有ftp命令

    yum -y install ftp     安装下;

  2. vsftpd是提供ftp服务的相当于是服务端,但是它不提供ftp命令

    两者集合


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