Android圆形图片--自定义控件

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Android圆形图片控件效果图如下:



代码如下:

RoundImageView.java

package com.dxd.roundimageview;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.Bitmap.Config;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.PorterDuff.Mode;
import android.graphics.PorterDuffXfermode;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.drawable.BitmapDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.NinePatchDrawable;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import com.alan.myimageview.R;

/**
 * 圆形ImageView,可设置最多两个宽度不同且颜色不同的圆形边框。
 * 设置颜色在xml布局文件中由自定义属性配置参数指定
 */
public class RoundImageView extends ImageView {
	private int mBorderThickness = 0;
	private Context mContext;
	private int defaultColor = 0xFFFFFFFF;
	// 如果只有其中一个有值,则只画一个圆形边框
	private int mBorderOutsideColor = 0;
	private int mBorderInsideColor = 0;
	// 控件默认长、宽
	private int defaultWidth = 0;
	private int defaultHeight = 0;

	public RoundImageView(Context context) {
		super(context);
		mContext = context;
	}

	public RoundImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
		super(context, attrs);
		mContext = context;
		setCustomAttributes(attrs);
	}

	public RoundImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
		super(context, attrs, defStyle);
		mContext = context;
		setCustomAttributes(attrs);
	}

	private void setCustomAttributes(AttributeSet attrs) {
		TypedArray a = mContext.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,R.styleable.roundedimageview);
		mBorderThickness = a.getDimensionPixelSize(R.styleable.roundedimageview_border_thickness, 0);
		mBorderOutsideColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.roundedimageview_border_outside_color,defaultColor);
		mBorderInsideColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.roundedimageview_border_inside_color, defaultColor);
	}

	@Override
	protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
		Drawable drawable = getDrawable() ; 
		if (drawable == null) {
			return;
		}
		if (getWidth() == 0 || getHeight() == 0) {
			return;
		}
		this.measure(0, 0);
		if (drawable.getClass() == NinePatchDrawable.class)
			return;
		Bitmap b = ((BitmapDrawable) drawable).getBitmap();
		Bitmap bitmap = b.copy(Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888, true);
		if (defaultWidth == 0) {
			defaultWidth = getWidth();
		}
		if (defaultHeight == 0) {
			defaultHeight = getHeight();
		}
		int radius = 0;
		if (mBorderInsideColor != defaultColor && mBorderOutsideColor != defaultColor) {// 定义画两个边框,分别为外圆边框和内圆边框
			radius = (defaultWidth < defaultHeight ? defaultWidth : defaultHeight) / 2 - 2 * mBorderThickness;
			// 画内圆
			drawCircleBorder(canvas, radius + mBorderThickness / 2,mBorderInsideColor);
			// 画外圆
			drawCircleBorder(canvas, radius + mBorderThickness + mBorderThickness / 2, mBorderOutsideColor);
		} else if (mBorderInsideColor != defaultColor && mBorderOutsideColor == defaultColor) {// 定义画一个边框
			radius = (defaultWidth < defaultHeight ? defaultWidth : defaultHeight) / 2 - mBorderThickness;
			drawCircleBorder(canvas, radius + mBorderThickness / 2, mBorderInsideColor);
		} else if (mBorderInsideColor == defaultColor && mBorderOutsideColor != defaultColor) {// 定义画一个边框
			radius = (defaultWidth < defaultHeight ? defaultWidth : defaultHeight) / 2 - mBorderThickness;
			drawCircleBorder(canvas, radius + mBorderThickness / 2, mBorderOutsideColor);
		} else {// 没有边框
			radius = (defaultWidth < defaultHeight ? defaultWidth : defaultHeight) / 2;
		}
		Bitmap roundBitmap = getCroppedRoundBitmap(bitmap, radius);
		canvas.drawBitmap(roundBitmap, defaultWidth / 2 - radius, defaultHeight / 2 - radius, null);
	}

	/**
	 * 获取裁剪后的圆形图片
	 * @param radius半径
	 */
	public Bitmap getCroppedRoundBitmap(Bitmap bmp, int radius) {
		Bitmap scaledSrcBmp;
		int diameter = radius * 2;
		// 为了防止宽高不相等,造成圆形图片变形,因此截取长方形中处于中间位置最大的正方形图片
		int bmpWidth = bmp.getWidth();
		int bmpHeight = bmp.getHeight();
		int squareWidth = 0, squareHeight = 0;
		int x = 0, y = 0;
		Bitmap squareBitmap;
		if (bmpHeight > bmpWidth) {// 高大于宽
			squareWidth = squareHeight = bmpWidth;
			x = 0;
			y = (bmpHeight - bmpWidth) / 2;
			// 截取正方形图片
			squareBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp, x, y, squareWidth, squareHeight);
		} else if (bmpHeight < bmpWidth) {// 宽大于高
			squareWidth = squareHeight = bmpHeight;
			x = (bmpWidth - bmpHeight) / 2;
			y = 0;
			squareBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp, x, y, squareWidth,squareHeight);
		} else {
			squareBitmap = bmp;
		}
		if (squareBitmap.getWidth() != diameter || squareBitmap.getHeight() != diameter) {
			scaledSrcBmp = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(squareBitmap, diameter,diameter, true);
		} else {
			scaledSrcBmp = squareBitmap;
		}
		Bitmap output = Bitmap.createBitmap(scaledSrcBmp.getWidth(),
				scaledSrcBmp.getHeight(), 
				Config.ARGB_8888);
		Canvas canvas = new Canvas(output);

		Paint paint = new Paint();
		Rect rect = new Rect(0, 0, scaledSrcBmp.getWidth(),scaledSrcBmp.getHeight());

		paint.setAntiAlias(true);
		paint.setFilterBitmap(true);
		paint.setDither(true);
		canvas.drawARGB(0, 0, 0, 0);
		canvas.drawCircle(scaledSrcBmp.getWidth() / 2,
				scaledSrcBmp.getHeight() / 2, 
				scaledSrcBmp.getWidth() / 2,
				paint);
		paint.setXfermode(new PorterDuffXfermode(Mode.SRC_IN));
		canvas.drawBitmap(scaledSrcBmp, rect, rect, paint);
		bmp = null;
		squareBitmap = null;
		scaledSrcBmp = null;
		return output;
	}

	/**
	 * 边缘画圆
	 */
	private void drawCircleBorder(Canvas canvas, int radius, int color) {
		Paint paint = new Paint();
		/* 去锯齿 */
		paint.setAntiAlias(true);
		paint.setFilterBitmap(true);
		paint.setDither(true);
		paint.setColor(color);
		/* 设置paint的 style 为STROKE:空心 */
		paint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
		/* 设置paint的外框宽度 */
		paint.setStrokeWidth(mBorderThickness);
		canvas.drawCircle(defaultWidth / 2, defaultHeight / 2, radius, paint);
	}
}


1、定义自己的属性配置文件:attr.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <declare-styleable name="roundedimageview">
        <attr name="border_thickness" format="dimension" />
        <attr name="border_inside_color" format="color" />
        <attr name="border_outside_color" format="color"></attr>
    </declare-styleable>
</resources>


2、在xml配置中使用控件:activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    xmlns:imagecontrol="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    >

    <!-- 没有指定圆形ImageView属性时,默认没有外边圆颜色 -->
    <!-- 需要将图片资源自定为src ,或在程序中setImageResource(res) 不能设置background为图片,这样不能达到圆形效果-->
    <com.dxd.roundimageview.RoundImageView 
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:src="@drawable/img"
        />
    <!-- border_outside_color 外部圆圈的颜色 -->
    <!-- border_inside_color 内部部圆圈的颜色 -->
    <!-- border_thickness 外圆和内圆的宽度 -->
    <com.dxd.roundimageview.RoundImageView 
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:src="@drawable/img"
        imagecontrol:border_inside_color="#bc0978"
        imagecontrol:border_outside_color="#ba3456"
        imagecontrol:border_thickness="1dp"
        />
</LinearLayout>
3、主Activity中没有相关代码,直接加载布局文件即可。








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