Android之开源类库Pinyin4j的使用----搜索联系人

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/gc_gongchao/article/details/40422251

Pinyin4j只能算是Java开源类库,但是在Android的应用开发中也经常被用到。大家都用过手机的通讯录,通讯录的搜索联系人的功能,用pinyin4j就可以实现。下面我给大家带来这个例子,使用pinyin4j实现搜索联系人功能。

首先先对pinyin4j做一个简单的介绍:

pinyin4j是一个流行的Java库,支持中文字符和拼音之间的转换,拼音的输出格式也可以定制,并且支持汉字的多音字。pinyin4j的官方网是:http://pinyin4j.sourceforge.net/ 

pinyin4j的使用手册,百度文库里有一个文档,大家要是想详细了解pinyin4j的使用,请点击pinyin4j的使用手册

再继续讲之前,还是先带大家看一下本案例的效果图:




接下来咱们看一下工程目录:


本案例总共就两个类,其中PinyinTool是一个工具类,其代码如下:

package com.gc.testcontactpeopledemo;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;
/**
 * 
 * @author Android将军
 *
 */
public class PinyinTool {
	public static HanyuPinyinOutputFormat format;
	public static List<Map<String,Map<String,String>>> list;
	public static Map<String,Map<String,String>> map;
	public static Map<String,String> pMap;
	public static List<String> strList;
	/**
	 *  功能:根据联系人姓名生成拼音缩写与拼写全写
	 * @param strList 存储联系人姓名的List
	 * @throws BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination
	 */
	public static void setData(List<String> strList) throws BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination
	{
		PinyinTool.strList=strList;
		format=new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
		format.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
		format.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_U_UNICODE);
		list=new ArrayList<Map<String,Map<String,String>>>();
		for(int i=0;i<strList.size();i++)
		{
			 map=new HashMap<String, Map<String,String>>();
			 pMap=new HashMap<String, String>();
			 pMap.put("simple", getSimple(strList.get(i)));
			 pMap.put("complex", getComplex(strList.get(i)));
			 map.put(strList.get(i), pMap);
			 list.add(map);
		}
		
		
	}
	/**
	 * 功能:获取字符串str的拼音缩写
	 * @param str
	 * @return
	 */
	public static String getSimple(String str)
	{
		StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
		String tempSimple=null;
		for(int i=0;i<str.length();i++)
		{
			tempSimple=getCharacterSimple(str.charAt(i));
			if(tempSimple==null)
			{
				sb.append(str.charAt(i));
			}else
			{
				sb.append(tempSimple);
			}
		}
		
		return sb.toString();
	}
	/**
	 * 功能:获取字符C的拼音首字母
	 * @param c
	 * @return
	 */
	public static String getCharacterSimple(char c)
	{
		String[] str=null;
		try {
			str=PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(c, format);
		} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		if(str==null)
			return null;
		return str[0].charAt(0)+"";
	}
	public static String getComplex(String str)
	{
		StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
		String tempSimple=null;
		for(int i=0;i<str.length();i++)
		{
			tempSimple=getCharacterComplex(str.charAt(i));
			if(tempSimple==null)
			{
				sb.append(str.charAt(i));
			}else
			{
				sb.append(tempSimple);
//				System.out.println(sb.toString());
			}
		}
		
		return sb.toString();
	}
	public static String getCharacterComplex(char c)
	{
		String[] str=null;
		try {
			str=PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(c, format);
		} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		if(str==null)
			return null;
		return str[0];
	}
	/**
	 * 功能:搜索符合条件的联系人
	 * @param str 当前联系人List
	 * @return 新的联系人List
	 */
	public static List<String> search(String str)
	{
		List<String> temp=new ArrayList<String>();
		for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++)
		{
			if(list.get(i).get(strList.get(i)).get("complex").contains(str)||list.get(i).get(strList.get(i)).get("simple").contains(str))
			{
				System.out.println(strList.get(i));
				temp.add(strList.get(i));
			}
		}
		return temp;
		
	}
	
}
下面再给出MainActivity的代码,如下:
package com.gc.testcontactpeopledemo;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.text.Editable;
import android.text.TextWatcher;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
/**
 * 
 * 功能:搜索联系人功能
 * @author Android将军
 *
 */
public class MainActivity extends Activity implements TextWatcher {

	private EditText mEditText;
	private ListView mListView;
	private PinyinHelper mPinyinHelper;
	private MyAdapter mMyAdapter;
	private List<String> mList;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        setData();
        initUI();
        setListeners();
        
    }
    /**
     * 初始化联系人数据
     */
    public void setData()
    {
    	mList=new ArrayList<String>();
    	mList.add("安徽");
    	mList.add("王小二");
    	mList.add("Android将军");
    	mList.add("天津大麻花");
    	mList.add("马场道");
    	mList.add("海河湾");
    	mList.add("五大道");
    	mList.add("苏州道");
    	mList.add("爱国道");
    	mList.add("天津图书大厦");
    	
    }
    /**
     * 初始化组件
     */
    public void initUI()
    {
    	mEditText=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.search);
    	mListView=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.listview);
    	mMyAdapter=new MyAdapter();
    	mListView.setAdapter(mMyAdapter);
    	try {
			PinyinTool.setData(mList);
		} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
    }
    /**
     * 设置监听
     */
    public void setListeners()
    {
    	mEditText.addTextChangedListener(this);
    	
    }
    /**
     * EditText监听事件,提供搜索功能
     */
	@Override
	public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count,
			int after) {
		for(int i=0;i<mList.size();i++)
		{
			
		}
		
	}
	@Override
	public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		final String str=s.toString();
		new Thread(){

			@Override
			public void run() {
				mList=PinyinTool.search(str.toString());
				Message message=new Message();
				message.what=0;
				mHandler.sendMessage(message);
			}
			
			
		}.start();
		
	}
	@Override
	public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		
	}
	
	Handler mHandler=new Handler(){

		@Override
		public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			if(msg.what==0)
			{
				mMyAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
			}
		}
		
	};
	/**
	 * 自定义Adapter,为ListView提供数据
	 * @author Chao Gong
	 *
	 */
	public class MyAdapter extends BaseAdapter{

		@Override
		public int getCount() {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return mList.size();
		}

		@Override
		public Object getItem(int position) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return mList.get(position);
		}

		@Override
		public long getItemId(int position) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return position;
		}

		@Override
		public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
			ItemHodlerView mItemHodlerView;
			if(convertView==null)
			{
				convertView=LayoutInflater.from(getApplicationContext()).inflate(R.layout.listview_item, null);
				mItemHodlerView=new ItemHodlerView();
				mItemHodlerView.mTextView=(TextView)convertView.findViewById(R.id.tv);
				convertView.setTag(mItemHodlerView);
			}
			else
			{
				mItemHodlerView=(ItemHodlerView)convertView.getTag();
			}
			mItemHodlerView.mTextView.setText(mList.get(position));
			mItemHodlerView.mTextView.setTag(position);
			return convertView;
		}
		
	}
	private class ItemHodlerView
	{
		private ImageView mImageView;
		private TextView mTextView;
	}
}


由于代码比较简单再加上有部分注释,故在此就不做过多的解释了,如果还有不明白处,回复留言即可。

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/android_jiangjun/article/details/40422251

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