# GPS、谷歌、百度、高德坐标相互转换

## 一、在进行地图开发过程中，我们一般能接触到以下三种类型的地图坐标系：

3.百度坐标系:bd-09，百度坐标系是在GCJ－02坐标系的基础上再次加密偏移后形成的坐标系，只适用于百度地图。(目前百度API提供了从其它坐标系转换为百度坐标系的API，但却没有从百度坐标系转为其他坐标系的API)

## 三、代码

Java：

package com.zehin.map.util;

public class GPSUtil { public static double pi = 3.1415926535897932384626; public static double x_pi = 3.14159265358979324 * 3000.0 / 180.0; public static double a = 6378245.0; public static double ee = 0.00669342162296594323; public static double transformLat(double x, double y) { double ret = -100.0 + 2.0 * x + 3.0 * y + 0.2 * y * y + 0.1 * x * y + 0.2 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x)); ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0; ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(y * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(y / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0; ret += (160.0 * Math.sin(y / 12.0 * pi) + 320 * Math.sin(y * pi / 30.0)) * 2.0 / 3.0; return ret; } public static double transformLon(double x, double y) { double ret = 300.0 + x + 2.0 * y + 0.1 * x * x + 0.1 * x * y + 0.1 * Math.sqrt(Math.abs(x)); ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(6.0 * x * pi) + 20.0 * Math.sin(2.0 * x * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0; ret += (20.0 * Math.sin(x * pi) + 40.0 * Math.sin(x / 3.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0; ret += (150.0 * Math.sin(x / 12.0 * pi) + 300.0 * Math.sin(x / 30.0 * pi)) * 2.0 / 3.0; return ret; } public static double[] transform(double lat, double lon) { if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) { return new double[]{lat,lon}; } double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0); double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0); double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi; double magic = Math.sin(radLat); magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic; double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic); dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi); dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi); double mgLat = lat + dLat; double mgLon = lon + dLon; return new double[]{mgLat,mgLon}; } public static boolean outOfChina(double lat, double lon) { if (lon < 72.004 || lon > 137.8347) return true; if (lat < 0.8293 || lat > 55.8271) return true; return false; } /** * 84 to 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) World Geodetic System ==> Mars Geodetic System * * @param lat * @param lon * @return */ public static double[] gps84_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) { if (outOfChina(lat, lon)) { return new double[]{lat,lon}; } double dLat = transformLat(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0); double dLon = transformLon(lon - 105.0, lat - 35.0); double radLat = lat / 180.0 * pi; double magic = Math.sin(radLat); magic = 1 - ee * magic * magic; double sqrtMagic = Math.sqrt(magic); dLat = (dLat * 180.0) / ((a * (1 - ee)) / (magic * sqrtMagic) * pi); dLon = (dLon * 180.0) / (a / sqrtMagic * Math.cos(radLat) * pi); double mgLat = lat + dLat; double mgLon = lon + dLon; return new double[]{mgLat, mgLon}; } /** * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) to 84 * * @param lon * @param lat * @return * */ public static double[] gcj02_To_Gps84(double lat, double lon) { double[] gps = transform(lat, lon); double lontitude = lon * 2 - gps[1]; double latitude = lat * 2 - gps[0]; return new double[]{latitude, lontitude}; } /** * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 将 GCJ-02 坐标转换成 BD-09 坐标 * * @param lat * @param lon */ public static double[] gcj02_To_Bd09(double lat, double lon) { double x = lon, y = lat; double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) + 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi); double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) + 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi); double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta) + 0.0065; double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta) + 0.006; double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon}; return gps; } /** * * 火星坐标系 (GCJ-02) 与百度坐标系 (BD-09) 的转换算法 * * 将 BD-09 坐标转换成GCJ-02 坐标 * * @param * bd_lat * @param bd_lon * @return */ public static double[] bd09_To_Gcj02(double lat, double lon) { double x = lon - 0.0065, y = lat - 0.006; double z = Math.sqrt(x * x + y * y) - 0.00002 * Math.sin(y * x_pi); double theta = Math.atan2(y, x) - 0.000003 * Math.cos(x * x_pi); double tempLon = z * Math.cos(theta); double tempLat = z * Math.sin(theta); double[] gps = {tempLat,tempLon}; return gps; } /**将gps84转为bd09 * @param lat * @param lon * @return */ public static double[] gps84_To_bd09(double lat,double lon){ double[] gcj02 = gps84_To_Gcj02(lat,lon); double[] bd09 = gcj02_To_Bd09(gcj02[0],gcj02[1]); return bd09; } public static 

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