###### 使用dbms_job包来实现数据库后台进程

1建立实现任务的过程

CREATE OR REPLACE  PROCEDURE "CUSTOMER"."T_JOBTEST" as
begin

update emp set active =0
where active =1
and date_published < sysdate - active_days;

end ;

2 向任务队列中加入任务

VARIABLE jobno number;
begin
DBMS_JOB.SUBMIT(:jobno, 't_jobtest();', SYSDATE, 'SYSDATE + 1');
commit;
end;

3 查询此任务是否加入任务队列

SELECT job, next_date, next_sec, failures, broken
FROM user_jobs;

------------------

DBMS_JOB 包介绍

Table 8-2 DBMS_JOB包中的过程

Procedure

Description

Described

SUBMIT

Submits a job to the job queue.  向任务队列提交一个任务

REMOVE

Removes a specified job from the job queue.  从任务队列中删除指定的任务

CHANGE

Alters a specified job. You can alter the job description, the time at which the job will be run, or the interval between executions of the job.  改变任务

WHAT

Alters the job description for a specified job.  改变指定任务的任务内容

NEXT_DATE

Alters the next execution time for a specified job.  改变指定任务的下一次执行时间

INTERVAL

Alters the interval between executions for a specified job.  改变指定任务的执行时间间隔。

BROKEN

Disables job execution. If a job is marked as broken, Oracle does not attempt to execute it.  禁止指定任务的执行

RUN

Forces a specified job to run.  强制执行指定的任务

Submitting a Job to the Job Queue 向任务队列提交一个任务

To submit a new job to the job queue, use the SUBMIT procedure in the DBMS_JOB package:

DBMS_JOB.SUBMIT( job OUT BINARY_INTEGER, what IN VARCHAR2, next_date IN DATE DEFAULT SYSDATE, interval IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'null', no_parse IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE)

The SUBMIT procedure returns the number of the job you submitted. Table 8-3 describes the procedure's parameters.

Table 8-3 DBMS_JOB.SUBMIT 的参数

Parameter

Description

job

This is the identifier assigned to the job you created. You must use the job number whenever you want to alter or remove the job. For more information about job numbers, see "Job Numbers".

what

This is the PL/SQL code you want to have executed.  这里是你想执行的PL/SQL代码

next_date

This is the next date when the job will be run. The default value is SYSDATE.

interval

This is the date function that calculates the next time to execute the job. The default value is NULL. INTERVAL must evaluate to a future point in time or NULL.

For more information on how to specify an execution interval, see "Job Execution Interval".

no_parse

This is a flag. The default value is FALSE.

If NO_PARSE is set to FALSE (the default), Oracle parses the procedure associated with the job. If NO_PARSE is set to TRUE, Oracle parses the procedure associated with the job the first time that the job is executed. If, for example, you want to submit a job before you have created the tables associated with the job, set NO_PARSE to TRUE.

As an example, let's submit a new job to the job queue. The job calls the procedure DBMS_DDL.ANALYZE_OBJECT to generate optimizer statistics for the table DQUON.ACCOUNTS. The statistics are based on a sample of half the rows of the ACCOUNTS table. The job is run every 24 hours:

VARIABLE jobno number;begin 2> DBMS_JOB.SUBMIT(:jobno, 3> 'dbms_ddl.analyze_object(''TABLE'', 4> ''DQUON'', ''ACCOUNTS'', 5> ''ESTIMATE'', NULL, 50);' 6> SYSDATE, 'SYSDATE + 1'); 7> commit; 8> end; 9> /Statement processed.print jobnoJOBNO----------14144

 Note: In the job definition, use two single quotation marks around strings. Always include a semicolon at the end of the job definition.   在任务定义中，用2个单引号包围字符串。任务定义的末尾总是带一个分号。

Jobs can be exported and imported. Thus, if you define a job in one database, you can transfer it to another database. When exporting and importing jobs, the job's number, environment, and definition remain unchanged.

The INTERVAL date function is evaluated immediately before a job is executed. If the job completes successfully, the date calculated from INTERVAL becomes the new NEXT_DATE. If the INTERVAL date function evaluates to NULL and the job completes successfully, the job is deleted from the queue.

If a job should be executed periodically at a set interval, use a date expression similar to 'SYSDATE + 7' in the INTERVAL

If you always want to automatically execute a job at a specific time, regardless of the last execution (for example, every Monday), the INTERVAL and NEXT_DATE parameters should specify a date expression similar to 'NEXT_DAY(TRUNC(SYSDATE), "MONDAY")'.

Table 8-5 lists some common date expressions used for job execution intervals.
##### Table 8-5 Common Job Execution Intervals

Date Expression Evaluation

exactly seven days from the last execution

every half hour

every Monday at 3PM

first Thursday of each quarter 每个季度的第一个星期四

 Note: When specifying NEXT_DATE or INTERVAL, remember that date literals and strings must be enclosed in single quotation marks. Also, the value of INTERVAL must be enclosed in single quotation marks.

### Removing a Job from the Job Queue 删除任务队列中的任务

To remove a job from the job queue, use the REMOVE procedure in the DBMS_JOB package:

DBMS_JOB.REMOVE(job IN BINARY_INTEGER)

The following statement removes job number 14144 from the job queue:

DBMS_JOB.REMOVE(14144);

#### Syntax for WHAT

You can alter the definition of a job by calling the DBMS_JOB.WHAT procedure. Table 8-3 describes the procedure's parameters.

 Note: When you execute procedure WHAT, Oracle records your current environment. This becomes the new environment for the job.

#### Syntax for NEXT_DATE

You can alter the next date that Oracle executes a job by calling the DBMS_JOB.NEXT_DATE procedure. Table 8-3 describes the procedure's parameters.

#### Syntax for INTERVAL

You can alter the execution interval of a job by calling the DBMS_JOB.INTERVAL procedure. Table 8-3 describes the procedure's parameters.

## Viewing Job Queue Information 查询任务队列的信息

Table 8-6 任务队列信息的视图
DBA_JOBS
Lists all the jobs in the database.   列出数据库中的任务
USER_JOBS
Lists all jobs owned by the user.  列出该用户拥有的任务
DBA_JOBS_RUNNING
Lists all jobs in the database that are currently running. This view joins V$LOCK and JOB$.  列出当前运行的任务。

For example, you can display information about a job's status and failed executions. The following sample query creates a listing of the job number, next execution time, failures, and broken status for each job you have submitted:

You can also display information about jobs currently running. The following sample query lists the session identifier, job number, user who submitted the job, and the start times for all currently running jobs:

VARIABLE jobno number;

begin

commit;

end;

print jobno;

parameter. For example, if you set the execution interval to 'SYSDATE + 7' on Monday, but for some reason (such as a network failure) the job is not executed until Thursday, 'SYSDATE + 7' then executes every Thursday, not Monday.

#### oracle 系统包dbms_job用法(oracle定时任务)

2016-09-22 11:59:48

#### oracle 定时执行计划任务

2013年05月22日 451KB 下载

#### oracle定时任务dbms_job与dbms_scheduler使用方法

2014-05-28 14:37:23

#### 使用DBMS_JOB来调度作业

2014-11-09 18:50:04

#### PL/SQL:学会使用DBMS_JOB包

2013-01-20 16:53:53

#### oracle包dbms_job的使用

2013-11-18 16:50:29

#### dbms_job包

2016-11-24 22:39:28

#### DBMS_JOB包

2006-12-25 13:18:00

#### DBMS_JOB使用方法

2011年11月30日 33KB 下载

#### oracle数据库后台进程详解 总结

2017-09-07 13:07:08