CentOS 中 redis 安装

第一步:下载redis安装包

wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-4.0.6.tar.gz

 

[root@hadoop110 桌面]# wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-4.0.6.tar.gz

 

第二步:解压压缩包

tar -zxvf redis-4.0.6.tar.gz
[root@hadoop110 桌面]# tar -zxvf redis-4.0.6

 

第三步:yum安装gcc依赖

yum install gcc
[root@hadoop110 桌面]# yum install gcc

 

第四步:跳转到redis解压目录下

cd redis-4.0.11
[root@hadoop110 moudle]# cd redis-4.0.6/

 

第五步:编译安装

make MALLOC=libc  

 

[root@hadoop110 redis-4.0.6]# make MALLOC=libc 
cd src && make all
make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/src'
    CC Makefile.dep
make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/src'
make[1]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/src'
rm -rf redis-server redis-sentinel redis-cli redis-benchmark redis-check-rdb redis-check-aof *.o *.gcda *.gcno *.gcov redis.info lcov-html Makefile.dep dict-benchmark
(cd ../deps && make distclean)
make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps'
(rm -f .make-*)
echo STD=-std=c99 -pedantic -DREDIS_STATIC='' >> .make-settings
echo WARN=-Wall -W -Wno-missing-field-initializers >> .make-settings
echo OPT=-O2 >> .make-settings
echo MALLOC=libc  >> .make-settings
echo CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_CFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo REDIS_LDFLAGS= >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_CFLAGS=-std=c99 -pedantic -DREDIS_STATIC='' -Wall -W -Wno-missing-field-initializers -O2 -g -ggdb   -I../deps/hiredis -I../deps/linenoise -I../deps/lua/src >> .make-settings
echo PREV_FINAL_LDFLAGS=  -g -ggdb -rdynamic >> .make-settings
(cd ../deps && make hiredis linenoise lua)
make[2]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
(rm -f .make-*)
(echo "" > .make-ldflags)
(echo "" > .make-cflags)
MAKE hiredis
cd hiredis && make static
make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/hiredis'
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  net.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  hiredis.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  sds.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  async.c
cc -std=c99 -pedantic -c -O3 -fPIC  -Wall -W -Wstrict-prototypes -Wwrite-strings -g -ggdb  read.c
ar rcs libhiredis.a net.o hiredis.o sds.o async.o read.o
make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/hiredis'
MAKE linenoise
cd linenoise && make
make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/linenoise'
cc  -Wall -Os -g  -c linenoise.c
make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/linenoise'
MAKE lua
cd lua/src && make all CFLAGS="-O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC='' " MYLDFLAGS="" AR="ar rcu"
make[3]: Entering directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/lua/src'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lapi.o lapi.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lcode.o lcode.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldebug.o ldebug.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldo.o ldo.c
ldo.c: 在函数‘f_parser’中:
ldo.c:496: 警告:未使用的变量‘c’
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldump.o ldump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lfunc.o lfunc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lgc.o lgc.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o llex.o llex.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lmem.o lmem.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lobject.o lobject.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lopcodes.o lopcodes.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lparser.o lparser.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstate.o lstate.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstring.o lstring.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltable.o ltable.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltm.o ltm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lundump.o lundump.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lvm.o lvm.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lzio.o lzio.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o strbuf.o strbuf.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o fpconv.o fpconv.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lauxlib.o lauxlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lbaselib.o lbaselib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ldblib.o ldblib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o liolib.o liolib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lmathlib.o lmathlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o loslib.o loslib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o ltablib.o ltablib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lstrlib.o lstrlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o loadlib.o loadlib.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o linit.o linit.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_cjson.o lua_cjson.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_struct.o lua_struct.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_cmsgpack.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua_bit.o lua_bit.c
ar rcu liblua.a lapi.o lcode.o ldebug.o ldo.o ldump.o lfunc.o lgc.o llex.o lmem.o lobject.o lopcodes.o lparser.o lstate.o lstring.o ltable.o ltm.o lundump.o lvm.o lzio.o strbuf.o fpconv.o lauxlib.o lbaselib.o ldblib.o liolib.o lmathlib.o loslib.o ltablib.o lstrlib.o loadlib.o linit.o lua_cjson.o lua_struct.o lua_cmsgpack.o lua_bit.o    # DLL needs all object files
ranlib liblua.a
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o lua.o lua.c
cc -o lua  lua.o liblua.a -lm 
liblua.a(loslib.o): In function `os_tmpname':
loslib.c:(.text+0x35): warning: the use of `tmpnam' is dangerous, better use `mkstemp'
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o luac.o luac.c
cc -O2 -Wall -DLUA_ANSI -DENABLE_CJSON_GLOBAL -DREDIS_STATIC=''    -c -o print.o print.c
cc -o luac  luac.o print.o liblua.a -lm 
make[3]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps/lua/src'
make[2]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/deps'
    CC adlist.o
    CC quicklist.o
    CC ae.o
    CC anet.o
anet.c: 在函数‘anetSockName’中:
anet.c:643: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:641: 附注:initialized from here
anet.c:647: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:645: 附注:initialized from here
anet.c: 在函数‘anetPeerToString’中:
anet.c:587: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:585: 附注:initialized from here
anet.c:591: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:589: 附注:initialized from here
anet.c: 在函数‘anetTcpAccept’中:
anet.c:558: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:556: 附注:initialized from here
anet.c:562: 警告:dereferencing pointer ‘s’ does break strict-aliasing rules
anet.c:560: 附注:initialized from here
    CC dict.o
    CC server.o
    CC sds.o
    CC zmalloc.o
    CC lzf_c.o
    CC lzf_d.o
    CC pqsort.o
    CC zipmap.o
    CC sha1.o
    CC ziplist.o
    CC release.o
    CC networking.o
    CC util.o
    CC object.o
    CC db.o
    CC replication.o
    CC rdb.o
    CC t_string.o
    CC t_list.o
    CC t_set.o
    CC t_zset.o
    CC t_hash.o
    CC config.o
    CC aof.o
    CC pubsub.o
    CC multi.o
    CC debug.o
    CC sort.o
    CC intset.o
    CC syncio.o
    CC cluster.o
    CC crc16.o
    CC endianconv.o
    CC slowlog.o
    CC scripting.o
    CC bio.o
    CC rio.o
    CC rand.o
    CC memtest.o
    CC crc64.o
    CC bitops.o
    CC sentinel.o
    CC notify.o
    CC setproctitle.o
    CC blocked.o
    CC hyperloglog.o
    CC latency.o
    CC sparkline.o
    CC redis-check-rdb.o
    CC redis-check-aof.o
    CC geo.o
    CC lazyfree.o
    CC module.o
    CC evict.o
    CC expire.o
    CC geohash.o
    CC geohash_helper.o
    CC childinfo.o
    CC defrag.o
    CC siphash.o
    CC rax.o
    LINK redis-server
    INSTALL redis-sentinel
    CC redis-cli.o
    LINK redis-cli
    CC redis-benchmark.o
    LINK redis-benchmark
    INSTALL redis-check-rdb
    INSTALL redis-check-aof

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

make[1]: Leaving directory `/opt/moudle/redis-4.0.6/src'

 

安装redis

 

[root@iZwz991stxdwj560bfmadtZ redis-4.0.6]# cd src && make install
    CC Makefile.dep

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
[root@hadoop110 src]# make install
    CC Makefile.dep

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install

 

 

 

第六步 : 启动redis

        先切换到redis src目录下

  1、直接启动redis

          ./redis-server

[root@iZwz991stxdwj560bfmadtZ src]# ./redis-server
18685:C 13 Dec 12:56:12.507 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
18685:C 13 Dec 12:56:12.507 # Redis version=4.0.6, bits=64, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=18685, just started
18685:C 13 Dec 12:56:12.507 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use ./redis-server /path/to/redis.conf
                _._                                                  
           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 4.0.6 (00000000/0) 64 bit
  .-`` .-```.  ```\/    _.,_ ''-._                                   
 (    '      ,       .-`  | `,    )     Running in standalone mode
 |`-._`-...-` __...-.``-._|'` _.-'|     Port: 6379
 |    `-._   `._    /     _.-'    |     PID: 18685
  `-._    `-._  `-./  _.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |           http://redis.io        
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |                                  
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           
              `-.__.-'                                               

18685:M 13 Dec 12:56:12.508 # WARNING: The TCP backlog setting of 511 cannot be enforced because /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn is set to the lower value of 128.
18685:M 13 Dec 12:56:12.508 # Server initialized
18685:M 13 Dec 12:56:12.508 # WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.
18685:M 13 Dec 12:56:12.508 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.
18685:M 13 Dec 12:56:12.508 * Ready to accept connections

 

2、设置redis开机自启动

  1、在/etc目录下新建redis目录

       mkdir redis

      2、将/usr/local/redis-4.0.6/redis.conf 文件复制一份到/etc/redis目录下,并命名为6379.conf

   3、将redis的启动脚本复制一份放到/etc/init.d目录下

    

   4、设置redis开机自启动

      先切换到/etc/init.d目录下

      然后执行自启命令

 

[root@iZwz991stxdwj560bfmadtZ init.d]# chkconfig redisd on

  5、现在可以直接已服务的形式启动和关闭redis了

      启动:

     service redisd start 

  

[root@hadoop111 桌面]# service redisd start
Starting Redis server...
4456:C 26 Dec 20:10:40.367 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
4456:C 26 Dec 20:10:40.367 # Redis version=4.0.11, bits=64, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=4456, just started
4456:C 26 Dec 20:10:40.367 # Configuration loaded
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.368 * Increased maximum number of open files to 10032 (it was originally set to 1024).
                _._                                                  
           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 4.0.11 (00000000/0) 64 bit
  .-`` .-```.  ```\/    _.,_ ''-._                                   
 (    '      ,       .-`  | `,    )     Running in standalone mode
 |`-._`-...-` __...-.``-._|'` _.-'|     Port: 6379
 |    `-._   `._    /     _.-'    |     PID: 4456
  `-._    `-._  `-./  _.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |           http://redis.io        
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
 |`-._`-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'_.-'|                                  
 |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |                                  
  `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'                                   
      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           
              `-.__.-'                                               

4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.369 # WARNING: The TCP backlog setting of 511 cannot be enforced because /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn is set to the lower value of 128.
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.369 # Server initialized
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.369 # WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.369 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.370 * DB loaded from disk: 0.000 seconds
4456:M 26 Dec 20:10:40.370 * Ready to accept connections

 

 

   关闭:

    service redisd stop

  

root@hadoop111 桌面]#     service redisd stop
Stopping ...
Redis stopped
[root@hadoop111 桌面]# 

 

 

yum 安装 redis

1、yum install redis      --查看是否有redis   yum 源

2、yum install epel-release    --下载fedora的epel仓库

3、yum install redis    -- 安装redis数据库

4、service redis start    --开启redis服务

[root@hadoop110 桌面]# service redis start
启动 :                                                    [确定]
[root@hadoop110 桌面]# 

 

5、ps -ef | grep redis   -- 查看redis是否开启

[root@hadoop110 桌面]# ps -ef | grep redis
redis     4483     1  0 19:56 ?        00:00:00 /usr/bin/redis-server 127.0.0.1:6379                                                    
root      4490  4456  0 19:57 pts/1    00:00:00 grep redis
[root@hadoop110 桌面]# 

 

6、redis-cli       -- 进入redis服务

[root@hadoop110 桌面]# redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> 

 

7、redis-cli  shutdown      --关闭服务

127.0.0.1:6379> shutdown
not connected> 

 

 

 

 

 

     此时大功告成!!!!!!!!

 

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhukaixin/p/10181435.html

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