通过HTTPS使用HttpClient信任所有证书

最近在Https上发布了有关HttpClient的问题( 在此处找到 )。 我取得了一些进展,但遇到了新问题。 与我的最后一个问题一样,我似乎找不到任何适合我的示例。 基本上,我希望我的客户端接受任何证书(因为我只指向一台服务器),但是我不断收到javax.net.ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate exception.

这就是我所拥有的:


    public void connect() throws A_WHOLE_BUNCH_OF_EXCEPTIONS {

        HttpPost post = new HttpPost(new URI(PROD_URL));
        post.setEntity(new StringEntity(BODY));

        KeyStore trusted = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS");
        trusted.load(null, "".toCharArray());
        SSLSocketFactory sslf = new SSLSocketFactory(trusted);
        sslf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        SchemeRegistry schemeRegistry = new SchemeRegistry();
        schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme ("https", sslf, 443));
        SingleClientConnManager cm = new SingleClientConnManager(post.getParams(),
                schemeRegistry);

        HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient(cm, post.getParams());
        HttpResponse result = client.execute(post);
    }

这是我得到的错误:

    W/System.err(  901): javax.net.ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(OpenSSLSocketImpl.java:360) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.AbstractVerifier.verify(AbstractVerifier.java:92) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.connectSocket(SSLSocketFactory.java:321) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.DefaultClientConnectionOperator.openConnection(DefaultClientConnectionOperator.java:129) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.AbstractPoolEntry.open(AbstractPoolEntry.java:164) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.conn.AbstractPooledConnAdapter.open(AbstractPooledConnAdapter.java:119) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultRequestDirector.execute(DefaultRequestDirector.java:348) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:555) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:487) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.impl.client.AbstractHttpClient.execute(AbstractHttpClient.java:465) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.connect(MainActivity.java:129) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.access$0(MainActivity.java:77) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity$2.run(MainActivity.java:49) 
    W/System.err(  901): Caused by: java.security.cert.CertificateException: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: the trust anchors set is empty 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerImpl.checkServerTrusted(TrustManagerImpl.java:157) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.OpenSSLSocketImpl.startHandshake(OpenSSLSocketImpl.java:355) 
    W/System.err(  901):    ... 12 more 
    W/System.err(  901): Caused by: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: the trust anchors set is empty 
    W/System.err(  901):    at java.security.cert.PKIXParameters.checkTrustAnchors(PKIXParameters.java:645) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at java.security.cert.PKIXParameters.<init>(PKIXParameters.java:89) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerImpl.<init>(TrustManagerImpl.java:89) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.TrustManagerFactoryImpl.engineGetTrustManagers(TrustManagerFactoryImpl.java:134) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory.getTrustManagers(TrustManagerFactory.java:226)W/System.err(  901):     at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.createTrustManagers(SSLSocketFactory.java:263) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.<init>(SSLSocketFactory.java:190) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory.<init>(SSLSocketFactory.java:216) 
    W/System.err(  901):    at me.harrisonlee.test.ssl.MainActivity.connect(MainActivity.java:107) 
    W/System.err(  901):    ... 2 more

#1楼

任何仍在使用Android 2.1上的StartCom SSL证书苦苦挣扎的机构,请访问https://www.startssl.com/certs/并下载ca.pem,现在位于@emmby replace提供的答案中

`export CLASSPATH=bcprov-jdk16-145.jar
 CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
      if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
          rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
      fi
 keytool \
  -import \
  -v \
  -trustcacerts \
  -alias 0 \
  -file <(openssl x509 -in mycert.pem) \
  -keystore $CERTSTORE \
  -storetype BKS \
  -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
  -providerpath /usr/share/java/bcprov.jar \
  -storepass some-password`

 `export CLASSPATH=bcprov-jdk16-145.jar
 CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
      if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
          rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
      fi
 keytool \
  -import \
  -v \
  -trustcacerts \
  -alias 0 \
  -file <(openssl x509 -in ca.pem) \
  -keystore $CERTSTORE \
  -storetype BKS \
  -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
  -providerpath /usr/share/java/bcprov.jar \
  -storepass some-password`

应该开箱即用。 即使经过@emmby的完美回答,我也努力奋斗了整整一天 。希望这对某人有帮助...


#2楼

HttpComponents的API已更改。 它与下面的代码一起使用。

public static HttpClient getTestHttpClient() {
    try {
        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(new TrustStrategy(){
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
                    String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        }, new AllowAllHostnameVerifier());

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("https",8444, sf));
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(registry);
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

#3楼

对于那些希望允许所有证书在OAuth上运行(出于测试目的)的人,请执行以下步骤:

1)在此处下载Android OAuth API的源代码: https : //github.com/kaeppler/signpost

2)查找文件“ CommonsHttpOAuthProvider”类

3)进行如下更改:

public class CommonsHttpOAuthProvider extends AbstractOAuthProvider {

private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

private transient HttpClient httpClient;

public CommonsHttpOAuthProvider(String requestTokenEndpointUrl, String accessTokenEndpointUrl,
        String authorizationWebsiteUrl) {
    super(requestTokenEndpointUrl, accessTokenEndpointUrl, authorizationWebsiteUrl);


    //this.httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();//Version implemented and that throws the famous "javax.net.ssl.SSLException: Not trusted server certificate" if the certificate is not signed with a CA
    this.httpClient = MySSLSocketFactory.getNewHttpClient();//This will work with all certificates (for testing purposes only)
}

上面的“ MySSLSocketFactory”基于公认的答案。 为了使它更加容易,这里有完整的类:

package com.netcomps.oauth_example;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.http.HttpVersion;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.PlainSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.Scheme;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.SchemeRegistry;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.tsccm.ThreadSafeClientConnManager;
import org.apache.http.params.BasicHttpParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpProtocolParams;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HTTP;

//http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2642777/trusting-all-certificates-using-httpclient-over-https
public class MySSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {

    SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

public MySSLSocketFactory(KeyStore truststore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {

    super(truststore);
    TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {

        @Override
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        @Override
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
        }

        @Override
        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }
    };

    sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
}

@Override
public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
    return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
}

@Override
public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
    return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
}



public static HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {

    try {
        KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        trustStore.load(null, null);

        SSLSocketFactory sf = new MySSLSocketFactory(trustStore);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);

    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

}

希望这对某人有帮助。


#4楼

信任所有证书对我而言并不是真正的选择,因此我执行以下操作以使HttpsURLConnection信任新证书(另请参见http://nelenkov.blogspot.jp/2011/12/using-custom-certificate-trust-store- on.html )。

  1. 获得证书; 通过在Firefox中导出证书(单击小锁图标,获取证书详细信息,单击导出),然后使用portecle导出信任库(BKS),可以完成此任务。

  2. 使用以下代码从/res/raw/geotrust_cert.bks加载信任库:

      final KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS"); final InputStream in = context.getResources().openRawResource( R.raw.geotrust_cert); trustStore.load(in, null); final TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory .getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm()); tmf.init(trustStore); final SSLContext sslCtx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS"); sslCtx.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), new java.security.SecureRandom()); HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sslCtx .getSocketFactory()); 

#5楼

使用所有https

httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();

SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
    public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

    public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
        return null;
    }
};

ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx, SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

httpClient.getConnectionManager().getSchemeRegistry().register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));

#6楼

只需使用-

public DefaultHttpClient wrapClient(HttpClient base) {
    try {
        SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }
    };
    ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
    SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
    ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
    ClientConnectionManager ccm = base.getConnectionManager();
    SchemeRegistry sr = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
    sr.register(new Scheme("https", ssf, 443));
    return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, base.getParams());
} catch (Exception ex) {
    return null;
}
}

#7楼

上面有很多答案,但是我无法(在有限的时间内)使它们中的任何一个正常工作,因此对于处于相同情况的其他任何人,您都可以尝试下面的代码,这些代码非常适合我的Java测试目的:

    public static HttpClient wrapClient(HttpClient base) {
    try {
        SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
            public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

            public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String string) throws CertificateException { }

            public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                return null;
            }
        };
        ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
        SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
        ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = base.getConnectionManager();
        SchemeRegistry sr = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
        sr.register(new Scheme("https", ssf, 443));
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, base.getParams());
    } catch (Exception ex) {
        return null;
    }
}

然后像这样打电话:

DefaultHttpClient baseClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(baseClient );

参考: http : //tech.chitgoks.com/2011/04/24/how-to-avoid-javax-net-ssl-sslpeerunverifiedexception-peer-not-authenticated-problem-using-apache-httpclient/


#8楼

上面https://stackoverflow.com/a/6378872/1553004中的代码是正确的,除了它还必须调用主机名验证程序:

    @Override
public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
    SSLSocket sslSocket = (SSLSocket)sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    getHostnameVerifier().verify(host, sslSocket);
    return sslSocket;
}

我明确注册了stackoverflow以添加此修复程序。 注意我的警告!


#9楼

自API 8开始,您可以通过以下方式禁用HttpURLConnection SSL检查以进行测试:

    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
    if (conn instanceof HttpsURLConnection) {
        HttpsURLConnection httpsConn = (HttpsURLConnection) conn;
        httpsConn.setSSLSocketFactory(SSLCertificateSocketFactory.getInsecure(0, null));
        httpsConn.setHostnameVerifier(new AllowAllHostnameVerifier());
    }

#10楼

我正在为使用httpclient-4.5的用户添加响应,并且可能也适用于4.4。

import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpResponseException;
import org.apache.http.client.fluent.ContentResponseHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.NoopHostnameVerifier;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.TrustStrategy;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;



public class HttpClientUtils{

public static HttpClient getHttpClientWithoutSslValidation_UsingHttpClient_4_5_2() {
    try {
        SSLContextBuilder builder = new SSLContextBuilder();
        builder.loadTrustMaterial(null, new TrustStrategy() {
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        });
        SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(builder.build(), new NoopHostnameVerifier());
        CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom().setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf).build(); 
        return httpclient;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}
}

#11楼

我使用了它,它在所有OS上都适用。

/**
 * Disables the SSL certificate checking for new instances of {@link HttpsURLConnection} This has been created to
 * aid testing on a local box, not for use on production.
 */


private static void disableSSLCertificateChecking() {
    TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] { new X509TrustManager() {
        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] arg0, String arg1) throws CertificateException {
            // Not implemented
        }

        @Override
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] arg0, String arg1) throws CertificateException {
            // Not implemented
        }
    } };

    try {
        SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

        sc.init(null, trustAllCerts, new java.security.SecureRandom());

        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());
    } catch (KeyManagementException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

#12楼

只需在VM参数上添加-Dtrust_all_cert=true即可。 此参数告诉Java忽略证书检查。


#13楼

注意:不要在您不完全信任的网络上使用的生产代码中实现此功能。 尤其是通过公共互联网进行的任何操作。

您的问题就是我想知道的。 经过一些搜索,结论如下。

以HttpClient方式,您应该从org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory创建一个自定义类,而不是一个org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory本身。 在这篇文章中可以找到一些线索。 自定义SSL处理已在Android 2.2 FroYo上停止工作

一个例子就像...

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
public class MySSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {
    SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

    public MySSLSocketFactory(KeyStore truststore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {
        super(truststore);

        TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
            public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            }

            public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            }

            public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                return null;
            }
        };

        sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
    }
}

并在创建HttpClient实例时使用此类。

public HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {
    try {
        KeyStore trustStore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
        trustStore.load(null, null);

        MySSLSocketFactory sf = new MySSLSocketFactory(trustStore);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

顺便说一句,下面的链接适用于正在寻找HttpURLConnection解决方案的人。 Https连接Android

我已经在froyo上测试了上述两种解决方案,在我的案例中,它们都像魅力一样起作用。 最后,使用HttpURLConnection可能会遇到重定向问题,但这超出了主题。

注意:在决定信任所有证书之前,您可能应该充分了解该站点,并且不会对最终用户造成危害。

确实,应该谨慎考虑您所冒的风险,包括以下我深为赞赏的评论中提到的黑客模拟站点的影响。 在某些情况下,尽管可能很难处理所有证书,但您最好知道信任所有证书的隐式缺点。


#14楼

使用这个课程

public class WCFs
{
    //  https://192.168.30.8/myservice.svc?wsdl
private static final String NAMESPACE = "http://tempuri.org/";
private static final String URL = "192.168.30.8";
private static final String SERVICE = "/myservice.svc?wsdl";
private static String SOAP_ACTION = "http://tempuri.org/iWCFserviceMe/";


public static Thread myMethod(Runnable rp)
{
    String METHOD_NAME = "myMethod";

    SoapObject request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);

    request.addProperty("Message", "Https WCF Running...");
    return _call(rp,METHOD_NAME, request);
}

protected static HandlerThread _call(final RunProcess rp,final String METHOD_NAME, SoapObject soapReq)
{
    final SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
    int TimeOut = 5*1000;

    envelope.dotNet = true;
    envelope.bodyOut = soapReq;
    envelope.setOutputSoapObject(soapReq);

    final HttpsTransportSE httpTransport_net = new HttpsTransportSE(URL, 443, SERVICE, TimeOut);

    try
    {
        HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier() // use this section if crt file is handmake
        {
            @Override
            public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session)
            {
                return true;
            }
        });

        KeyStore k = getFromRaw(R.raw.key, "PKCS12", "password");
        ((HttpsServiceConnectionSE) httpTransport_net.getServiceConnection()).setSSLSocketFactory(getSSLSocketFactory(k, "SSL"));


    }
    catch(Exception e){}

    HandlerThread thread = new HandlerThread("wcfTd"+ Generator.getRandomNumber())
    {
        @Override
        public void run()
        {
            Handler h = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
            Object response = null;

            for(int i=0; i<4; i++)
            {
                response = send(envelope, httpTransport_net , METHOD_NAME, null);

                try
                {if(Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted()) return;}catch(Exception e){}

                if(response != null)
                    break;

                ThreadHelper.threadSleep(250);
            }

            if(response != null)
            {
                if(rp != null)
                {
                    rp.setArguments(response.toString());
                    h.post(rp);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                if(Thread.currentThread().isInterrupted())
                    return;

                if(rp != null)
                {
                    rp.setExceptionState(true);
                    h.post(rp);
                }
            }

            ThreadHelper.stopThread(this);
        }
    };

    thread.start();

    return thread;
}


private static Object send(SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope, HttpTransportSE androidHttpTransport, String METHOD_NAME, List<HeaderProperty> headerList)
{
    try
    {
        if(headerList != null)
            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION + METHOD_NAME, envelope, headerList);
        else
            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION + METHOD_NAME, envelope);

        Object res = envelope.getResponse();

        if(res instanceof SoapPrimitive)
            return (SoapPrimitive) envelope.getResponse();
        else if(res instanceof SoapObject)
            return ((SoapObject) envelope.getResponse());
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {}

    return null;
}

public static KeyStore getFromRaw(@RawRes int id, String algorithm, String filePassword)
{
    try
    {
        InputStream inputStream = ResourceMaster.openRaw(id);
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(algorithm);
        keystore.load(inputStream, filePassword.toCharArray());
        inputStream.close();

        return keystore;
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {}

    return null;
}

public static SSLSocketFactory getSSLSocketFactory(KeyStore trustKey, String SSLAlgorithm)
{
    try
    {
        TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
        tmf.init(trustKey);

        SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance(SSLAlgorithm);//"SSL" "TLS"
        context.init(null, tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);

        return context.getSocketFactory();
    }
    catch(Exception e){}

    return null;
}

}


#15楼

将此代码添加到HttpsURLConnection之前,即可完成。 我知道了。

private void trustEveryone() { 
    try { 
            HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier(){ 
                    public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) { 
                            return true; 
                    }}); 
            SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS"); 
            context.init(null, new X509TrustManager[]{new X509TrustManager(){ 
                    public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, 
                                    String authType) throws CertificateException {} 
                    public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, 
                                    String authType) throws CertificateException {} 
                    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() { 
                            return new X509Certificate[0]; 
                    }}}, new SecureRandom()); 
            HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory( 
                            context.getSocketFactory()); 
    } catch (Exception e) { // should never happen 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
    } 
} 

我希望这可以帮助你。


#16楼

这是一个坏主意。 完全信任任何证书比完全不使用SSL略好。 当您说“我希望我的客户接受任何证书(因为我只指向一台服务器)”时,您假设这意味着以某种方式指向“一台服务器”是安全的,但它不在公共网络上。

通过信任任何证书,您完全可以接受中间人攻击。 任何人都可以通过与您以及与终端服务器建立单独的SSL连接来代理您的连接。 然后,MITM可以访问您的整个请求和响应。 除非您一开始并不真正需要SSL(您的消息没有任何敏感内容,并且不进行身份验证),否则您不应盲目地信任所有证书。

您应该考虑使用keytool将公共证书添加到jks,并使用它来构建套接字工厂,例如:

    KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");

    // get user password and file input stream
    char[] password = ("mykspassword")).toCharArray();
    ClassLoader cl = this.getClass().getClassLoader();
    InputStream stream = cl.getResourceAsStream("myjks.jks");
    ks.load(stream, password);
    stream.close();

    SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
    KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
    TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");

    kmf.init(ks, password);
    tmf.init(ks);

    sc.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), tmf.getTrustManagers(),null);

    return sc.getSocketFactory();

有一个警告需要注意。 证书最终将过期,并且代码将在那时停止工作。 您可以通过查看证书轻松确定何时发生这种情况。


#17楼

在此处输入图片说明

xamarin android中的sspi失败。

我找到了解决方案; 在点击HTTPS链接之前放置此代码

const SslProtocols _Tls12 = (SslProtocols)0x00000C00;
const SecurityProtocolType Tls12 = (SecurityProtocolType)_Tls12;
ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = Tls12;

#18楼

基本上,您有四种可能的解决方案,可以使用httpclient在Android上修复“不可信”异常:

  1. 信任所有证书。 除非您真的知道自己在做什么,否则不要这样做。
  2. 创建一个仅信任您的证书的自定义SSLSocketFactory。 只要您确切知道将要连接到哪些服务器,此方法就可以工作,但是一旦您需要使用其他SSL证书连接到新服务器时,就需要更新应用程序。
  3. 创建一个包含Android证书的“主列表”的密钥库文件,然后添加自己的证书。 如果这些证书中的任何一个在将来失效,则您有责任在您的应​​用程序中对其进行更新。 我想不出这样做的理由。
  4. 创建一个使用内置证书KeyStore的自定义SSLSocketFactory,但在备用KeyStore上使用任何无法使用默认值进行验证的内容。

此答案使用解决方案#4,在我看来,这是最可靠的解决方案。

解决方案是使用可以接受多个KeyStore的SSLSocketFactory,从而允许您为自己的KeyStore提供自己的证书。 这使您可以加载某些Android设备上可能缺少的其他顶级证书,例如Thawte。 它还允许您加载自己的自签名证书。 它将首先使用内置的默认设备证书,然后仅在必要时才使用其他证书。

首先,您需要确定KeyStore中缺少的证书。 运行以下命令:

openssl s_client -connect www.yourserver.com:443

您将看到类似以下的输出:

Certificate chain
 0 s:/O=www.yourserver.com/OU=Go to 
   https://www.thawte.com/repository/index.html/OU=Thawte SSL123 
   certificate/OU=Domain Validated/CN=www.yourserver.com
   i:/C=US/O=Thawte, Inc./OU=Domain Validated SSL/CN=Thawte DV SSL CA
 1 s:/C=US/O=Thawte, Inc./OU=Domain Validated SSL/CN=Thawte DV SSL CA
   i:/C=US/O=thawte, Inc./OU=Certification Services Division/OU=(c) 
   2006 thawte, Inc. - For authorized use only/CN=thawte Primary Root CA

如您所见,我们的根证书来自Thawte。 转到提供商的网站并找到相应的证书。 对于我们来说,就在这里 ,您可以看到我们需要的是版权2006。

如果您使用的是自签名证书,则不需要执行上一步,因为您已经拥有签名证书。

然后,创建包含缺少签名证书的密钥库文件。 Crazybob包含了如何在Android上执行此操作的详细信息 ,但想法是执行以下操作:

如果尚未安装,请从http://www.bouncycastle.org/latest_releases.html下载充气城堡提供程序库。 这将在下面的类路径中进行。

运行命令以从服务器提取证书并创建一个pem文件。 在这种情况下,为mycert.pem。

echo | openssl s_client -connect ${MY_SERVER}:443 2>&1 | \
 sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p' > mycert.pem

然后运行以下命令来创建密钥库。

export CLASSPATH=/path/to/bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk15on-155.jar
CERTSTORE=res/raw/mystore.bks
if [ -a $CERTSTORE ]; then
    rm $CERTSTORE || exit 1
fi
keytool \
      -import \
      -v \
      -trustcacerts \
      -alias 0 \
      -file <(openssl x509 -in mycert.pem) \
      -keystore $CERTSTORE \
      -storetype BKS \
      -provider org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider \
      -providerpath /path/to/bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk15on-155.jar \
      -storepass some-password

您会注意到上面的脚本将结果放置在res/raw/mystore.bks 。 现在,您将拥有一个文件,可以将其加载到提供缺失证书的Android应用中。

为此,请为SSL方案注册SSLSocketFactory:

final SchemeRegistry schemeRegistry = new SchemeRegistry();
schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
schemeRegistry.register(new Scheme("https", createAdditionalCertsSSLSocketFactory(), 443));

// and then however you create your connection manager, I use ThreadSafeClientConnManager
final HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
...
final ThreadSafeClientConnManager cm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params,schemeRegistry);

要创建SSLSocketFactory:

protected org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory createAdditionalCertsSSLSocketFactory() {
    try {
        final KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS");

        // the bks file we generated above
        final InputStream in = context.getResources().openRawResource( R.raw.mystore);  
        try {
            // don't forget to put the password used above in strings.xml/mystore_password
            ks.load(in, context.getString( R.string.mystore_password ).toCharArray());
        } finally {
            in.close();
        }

        return new AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory(ks);

    } catch( Exception e ) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}

最后,AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory代码,该代码接受您的新KeyStore并检查内置KeyStore是否无法验证SSL证书:

/**
 * Allows you to trust certificates from additional KeyStores in addition to
 * the default KeyStore
 */
public class AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {
    protected SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");

    public AdditionalKeyStoresSSLSocketFactory(KeyStore keyStore) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, KeyManagementException, KeyStoreException, UnrecoverableKeyException {
        super(null, null, null, null, null, null);
        sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[]{new AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager(keyStore)}, null);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket socket, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket(socket, host, port, autoClose);
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket() throws IOException {
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory().createSocket();
    }



    /**
     * Based on http://download.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/security/jsse/JSSERefGuide.html#X509TrustManager
     */
    public static class AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

        protected ArrayList<X509TrustManager> x509TrustManagers = new ArrayList<X509TrustManager>();


        protected AdditionalKeyStoresTrustManager(KeyStore... additionalkeyStores) {
            final ArrayList<TrustManagerFactory> factories = new ArrayList<TrustManagerFactory>();

            try {
                // The default Trustmanager with default keystore
                final TrustManagerFactory original = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
                original.init((KeyStore) null);
                factories.add(original);

                for( KeyStore keyStore : additionalkeyStores ) {
                    final TrustManagerFactory additionalCerts = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
                    additionalCerts.init(keyStore);
                    factories.add(additionalCerts);
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                throw new RuntimeException(e);
            }



            /*
             * Iterate over the returned trustmanagers, and hold on
             * to any that are X509TrustManagers
             */
            for (TrustManagerFactory tmf : factories)
                for( TrustManager tm : tmf.getTrustManagers() )
                    if (tm instanceof X509TrustManager)
                        x509TrustManagers.add( (X509TrustManager)tm );


            if( x509TrustManagers.size()==0 )
                throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't find any X509TrustManagers");

        }

        /*
         * Delegate to the default trust manager.
         */
        public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            final X509TrustManager defaultX509TrustManager = x509TrustManagers.get(0);
            defaultX509TrustManager.checkClientTrusted(chain, authType);
        }

        /*
         * Loop over the trustmanagers until we find one that accepts our server
         */
        public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
            for( X509TrustManager tm : x509TrustManagers ) {
                try {
                    tm.checkServerTrusted(chain,authType);
                    return;
                } catch( CertificateException e ) {
                    // ignore
                }
            }
            throw new CertificateException();
        }

        public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
            final ArrayList<X509Certificate> list = new ArrayList<X509Certificate>();
            for( X509TrustManager tm : x509TrustManagers )
                list.addAll(Arrays.asList(tm.getAcceptedIssuers()));
            return list.toArray(new X509Certificate[list.size()]);
        }
    }

}

#19楼

Daniel的回答很好,只是我不得不更改此代码...

    SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
    registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
    registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

    ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

这个代码...

    ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);
    SchemeRegistry registry = ccm.getShemeRegistry()
    registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
    registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

使它工作。


#20楼

这是一个使用4.1.2 httpclient代码的简单版本。 然后可以将其修改为您认为合适的任何信任算法。

public static HttpClient getTestHttpClient() {
    try {
        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(new TrustStrategy(){
            @Override
            public boolean isTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
                    String authType) throws CertificateException {
                return true;
            }
        });
        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", 443, sf));
        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(registry);
        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

#21楼

我看到了来自“ emmby”的响应(11年6月16日在21:29回答),项目#4:“创建一个使用内置证书KeyStore的自定义SSLSocketFactory,但由于任何失败而回退到备用KeyStore进行默认验证。”

这是一个简化的实现。 加载系统密钥库并与应用程序密钥库合并。

public HttpClient getNewHttpClient() {
    try {
        InputStream in = null;
        // Load default system keystore
        KeyStore trusted = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType()); 
        try {
            in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(System.getProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStore"))); // Normally: "/system/etc/security/cacerts.bks"
            trusted.load(in, null); // no password is "changeit"
        } finally {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
                in = null;
            }
        }

        // Load application keystore & merge with system
        try {
            KeyStore appTrusted = KeyStore.getInstance("BKS"); 
            in = context.getResources().openRawResource(R.raw.mykeystore);
            appTrusted.load(in, null); // no password is "changeit"
            for (Enumeration<String> e = appTrusted.aliases(); e.hasMoreElements();) {
                final String alias = e.nextElement();
                final KeyStore.Entry entry = appTrusted.getEntry(alias, null);
                trusted.setEntry(System.currentTimeMillis() + ":" + alias, entry, null);
            }
        } finally {
            if (in != null) {
                in.close();
                in = null;
            }
        }

        HttpParams params = new BasicHttpParams();
        HttpProtocolParams.setVersion(params, HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1);
        HttpProtocolParams.setContentCharset(params, HTTP.UTF_8);

        SSLSocketFactory sf = new SSLSocketFactory(trusted);
        sf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);

        SchemeRegistry registry = new SchemeRegistry();
        registry.register(new Scheme("http", PlainSocketFactory.getSocketFactory(), 80));
        registry.register(new Scheme("https", sf, 443));

        ClientConnectionManager ccm = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(params, registry);

        return new DefaultHttpClient(ccm, params);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

从JKS转换为BKS的简单模式:

keytool -importkeystore -destkeystore cacerts.bks -deststoretype BKS -providerclass org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider -providerpath bcprov-jdk16-141.jar -deststorepass changeit -srcstorepass changeit -srckeystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts -srcstoretype JKS -noprompt

*注意:在Android 4.0(ICS)中,信任库已更改,更多信息: http : //nelenkov.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/ics-trust-store-implementation.html

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