美国ARCO 权威托福考试参考词汇

A
abhor
vt.憎恶, 痛恨  to regard with extreme repugnance : LOATHE 
accelerate
v.加速, 促进   to cause to move faster    
accessible
adj.易接近的, 可到达的, 易受影响的
1. capable of being reached ;2 easy to speak or deal with
accurate
adj.正确的, 精确的  conforming exactly to truth or to a standard
accuracy
n.精确性, 正确度
adjacent
adj.邻近的, 接近的  not distant : NEARBY
advantageous
adj.有利的 giving an advantage : FAVORABLE
advocate
n.提倡者, 鼓吹者  vt.提倡, 鼓吹 : to plead in favor of
aforementioned
adj.上述的, 前述的  : mentioned previously
alert, alertly
adj.提防的, 警惕的 watchful and prompt to meet danger or emergency
amass
vt.收集, 积聚(尤指财富)
1 : to collect for oneself : ACCUMULATE;
2 to collect into a mass : GATHER
ambrosia
n. 特别美味的食物  something extremely pleasing to taste or smell
anomaly
n.不规则, 异常的人或物
anxiety
n.忧虑, 焦急; 渴望, 热望
1 an abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear
2 fearful concern or interest 
3 a cause of anxiety
appall
vt.使胆寒, 使惊骇   to overcome with consternation, shock, or dismay
appalling
adj.令人震惊的, 骇人听闻的  inspiring horror, dismay, or disgust
appear
vi.出现, 看来, 似乎
1. to be or come in sight;   to show up
2. to have an outward aspect : SEEM
appropriate
adj.适当的  especially suitable or compatible : FITTING
apt
adj. 有...倾向的unusually fitted or qualified :READY;
having a tendency 灵敏的, 灵巧的keenly intelligent and responsive 适当的   suited to a purpose;  especially   : being to the point
arouse
vt.唤醒, 唤起to awaken from sleep
鼓励, 引起to rouse or stimulate to action or to physiological readiness for activity
vi.睡醒  to awake from sleep : STIR
as of late
astute
adj.机敏的, 狡猾的 having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity:CRAFTY, WILY
attribute
n.属性, 品质, 特征 an inherent characteristic
v. 加于, 归结于 to explain by indicating a cause
authoritative
adj.权威的, 有权威的, 命令的 having or proceeding from authority : OFFICIAL


B
back and forth
adv. 来来回回 : backward and forward
barely
adv.仅仅, 刚刚in a meager manner : PLAINLY几乎不能 SCARCELY, HARDLY
barter
n / v.物品交换, 交换  to trade or exchange by or as if by bartering
behold
vt.把...视为  to perceive through sight or apprehension : SEE
vi.看   used in the imperative especially to call attention
beneficial
adj.有益的, 受益的, [法律]有使用权的 conferring benefits
bind
v.绑, 约束  to confine, restrain, or restrict as if with bonds
镶边, 装订 to wrap around with something so as to enclose or cover
bizarre
adj.奇异的(指态度,容貌,款式等)
strikingly out of the ordinary : odd, extravagant, or eccentric in style or mode
blunder
v.跌跌撞撞地走to move unsteadily or confusedly
犯大错, 做错  to make a mistake through stupidity, ignorance, or carelessness
n.大错a gross error or mistake resulting usually from stupidity, ignorance, or carelessness
border
n.边界, 国界, 边, 边沿, 边境 an outer part or edge  
vt.与...接壤, 接近 to touch at the edge or boundary : BOUND; v.接壤 to lie on the border
breach
n.违背, 破坏 infraction or violation of a law, obligation, tie, or standard
破裂, 裂口 a broken, ruptured, or torn condition or area  b : a gap (as in a wall) made by battering
vt.打破, 突破 1. BREAK,  VIOLATE ; 2 to make a breach in
bump (swell)
n. 肿块 a swelling of tissue
v.碰(伤), 撞(破)  1 : to strike or knock with force or violence   2 : to collide with
bush
n.矮树丛 a : SHRUB;  especially : a low densely branched shrub
by degrees
adv. 逐渐地
by right, by rights
adv. 正当的

C
candid
adj.无偏见的, 公正的, free from bias, prejudice, or malice : FAIR
坦白的, 率直的  marked by honest sincere expression
care
n.注意, 照料, 烦恼, 忧虑 painstaking or watchful attention
vi.关心, 顾虑 1. to feel trouble or anxiety ;
喜爱   2. to have a liking, fondness, or taste
vt.在意 to be concerned about or to the extent of
carve
v.雕刻 to cut with care or precision ; 切开 to make or get by or as if by cutting
celebrate
v.庆祝, 祝贺to honor (as a holiday) by solemn ceremonies
表扬, 赞美 to hold up or play up for public notice
举行to perform (a sacrament or solemn ceremony) publicly and with appropriate rites
chart
n.海图 a map for the use of navigators ;
图表 a sheet giving information in tabular form
vt.制图  to make a map or chart of
circulate
v.(使)流通 to pass from person to person or place to place
(使)循环, (使)传播 to move in a circle, circuit, or orbit;  especially   : to follow a course that returns to the starting point
classify
vt.分类 to assign (as a document) to a category;  分等 to arrange in classes
colleague
n.同事, 同僚 an associate in a profession or in a civil or ecclesiastical office
collusion
n.共谋,勾结secret agreement or cooperation especially for an illegal or deceitful purpose
command
v.命令, 指挥to direct authoritatively :ORDER;支配to exercise a dominating influence over
俯临 to overlook or dominate from or as if from a strategic position
commonplace
n.平凡的事 something commonly found ;
平常话 an obvious or trite comment
adj.平凡的  commonly found : ORDINARY, UNREMARKABLE
compromise
n./ v.妥协, 折衷to adjust or settle by mutual concessions
危及...的安全 to cause the impairment of
conceal
vt.隐藏, 隐蔽 to place out of sight ; 隐瞒 to prevent disclosure or recognition of
confidential
adj.秘密的, 机密的 PRIVATE, SECRET
conform
vt.使一致to give the same shape, outline, or contour to : bring into harmony or accord
使遵守, 使顺从  to be obedient or compliant ? usually used with to
congregate
v.聚集   to come together into a group, crowd, or assembly
conserve
vt.保存, 保藏 to keep in a safe or sound state
considerably
adv.相当地 1. worth consideration : SIGNIFICANT  ; 2. large in extent or degree
conspicuous
adj.显著的 attracting attention : STRIKING
contemporary
adj./n. 当代的, 同时代的(人)
happening, existing, living, or coming into being during the same period of time
contrast
vt.使与...对比, 使与...对照
to set off in contrast : compare or appraise in respect to differences
convenient
adj.便利的, 方便的 suited to personal comfort or to easy performance
counter
n.计算器, 计数器柜台, 筹码
adv./prep.相反地  in an opposite or wrong direction
craggy
adj.多峭壁的,崎岖的1.full of crags:craggy slopes ; 2 ROUGH, RUGGED :a craggy face
critic
n.批评家, 评论家 one who expresses a reasoned opinion on any matter
吹毛求疵者 one given to harsh or captious judgment
crush
vt.压碎, 碾碎to squeeze or force by pressure so as to alter or destroy structure curious

D
damage
n. 损害, 伤害 loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation
v. 招致损害      to cause damage to
decay
vi./ n.腐朽, 腐烂, 衰减, 衰退 to decrease gradually in quantity, activity, or force
defeat
n./v. 击败 DESTROY;  战胜to win victory over : BEATdeficit
den
n.兽穴, 洞穴 the lair of a wild usually predatory animaldesolate
detachable
adj.可分开的, 可分离的, 可分遣的 able to separate
deter
v.阻止 1.to turn aside, discourage, or prevent from acting ; 2. INHIBIT
dim
adj.暗淡的, 模糊的 lacking pronounced, clear-cut, or vigorous quality or character
discerning
adj.有辨识能力的 showing insight and understanding : DISCRIMINATING
discord
n.不一致, 意见不合lack of agreement or harmony     v.不和 DISAGREE, CLASH
disseminate
v.散布 1. to spread abroad as though sowing seed; 2 to disperse throughout
distinct
adj.清楚的, 明显的 presenting a clear unmistakable impression
截然不同的, 独特的 distinguishable to the eye or mind as discrete : SEPARATE
draft
n.草案, 草图 vt.起草, 为...打样,  to draw the preliminary sketch, version, or plan of
due to
adv. 由于, 应归于
duplicate
adj.复制的,两倍的consisting of or existing in two corresponding or identical parts or examples
adj. 完全相同的 being the same as another: *duplicate copies
n.复制品, 副本 an additional copy of something
vt.复写, 复制 to make a copy of  使加倍, 使成双 to make double or twofold

E
earmark
v. 加上记号 to mark in a distinguishing manner
elaborate
adj.精心制作的, 详细阐述的, 精细的 planned or carried out with great care
vt.精心制作 to produce by labor ;详细阐述 to expand something in detail
eligible
adj.符合条件的, 合格的 qualified to participate or be chosen : ENTITLED
emancipate
vt.释放, 解放 to free from restraint, control, or the power of another
embrace
vt.拥抱, 互相拥抱 to clasp in the arms : HUG;
包含 to take in or include as a part, item, or element of a more inclusive whole
emit
vt.发出, 放射to throw or give off or out (as light); 发表, 发行  to issue with authority
encourage
vt.鼓励 to inspire with courage, spirit, or hope : HEARTEN ;  怂恿 to spur on
enhance
vt.提高  RAISE;  增强  HEIGHTEN, INCREASE
entangle
vt.使缠上, to wrap or twist together : INTERWEAVE
纠缠, 卷入  to involve in a perplexing or troublesome situation
entitle
vt. 授权, 授权   to furnish with proper grounds for seeking or claiming something
给...题名, 给...称号 to give a title to : DESIGNATE
epoch
n.新纪元 an event or a time marked by an event; 时代, 时期 an extended period of time
erode, erosion
vt.侵蚀, 腐蚀 to diminish or destroy by degrees
essential
adj.本质的,基本的 of, relating to, or constituting essence
提炼的, 精华的 of the utmost importance : BASIC
n.本质, 实质something basic;  要素,要点something necessary, indispensable
evacuate
v.撤出 to remove especially from a military zone;排泄to discharge from the body as waste
exceed
vt.超越 to go beyond a limit set by ; 胜过 to be greater than or superior to
excerpt
n.vt.摘录, 引用 to select (a passage) for quoting : EXTRACT
exhilarating
adj.令人喜欢的,使人愉快的  being able to make cheerful
expanse
n.宽阔, 膨胀扩张 great extent of something spread out ; 天空  FIRMAMENT
extend
v.扩充 to spread or stretch forth : UNBEND ; 延伸, 伸展 to increase the bulk of
extravagant
adj.奢侈的, 浪费的放纵的lacking in moderation, balance, and restraint
过分的 exceeding the limits of reason or necessity

F
face
n.脸the front part of the human head 面容, 表情 facial expression
vt.面对, 面向 to confront impudently
fame
n.名声, 名望 public estimation : REPUTATION
fancy
adj.奇特的, 异样的 dependent or based on fancy : WHIMSICAL
vt.想象, 设想to form a conception of: IMAGINE;n.爱好, 迷恋 amorous fondness : LOVE
faucet
n.龙头a fixture for drawing or regulating the flow of liquid especially from a pipe
feature
n.特征,特色 a prominent part or characteristic ;容貌, physical beauty
fellow
n.人, 家伙 MAN, BOY; 伙伴 an incorporated member of
fictitious
adj.假想的, 编造的, 虚伪的 of, relating to, or characteristic of fiction : IMAGINARY
final analysis
n. 最终分析
fizz
n./ vi.嘶嘶响to make a hissing or sputtering sound; 兴奋 to show excitement or exhilaration  flaw
n.缺点,瑕疵 a defect in physical structure or form;  vt. 使有缺陷to make flaws in 
flicker
v.摇曳, 闪烁to move irregularly or unsteadily : FLUTTER  n. 闪烁 an act of flickering
forbidden
adj.禁止的, 严禁的 not permitted or allowed
foster
vt.养育, 抚育to give parental care to : NURTURE
fragrance
n.芬芳, 香气, 香味 a sweet or delicate odor
frightening
adj.令人恐惧的, 引起突然惊恐的 causing to be afraid of
fuel
n.燃料 a material used to produce heat or power by burning
fund
n.资金, 基金 a sum of money or other resources;  v.支助, 投资 to provide funds for


G
gain
vt.得到, 赚到  to acquire or get possession of  增加 to make an increase of
gemstones
n.经雕琢的宝石 a petrified material that when cut and polished can be used in jewelry
glisten
v.闪光 to give off a sparkling or lustrous reflection of or as if of a moist or polished surface
goods
n.货物  something that has economic utility or satisfies an economic want
graphic
adj.绘画似的, 图解的 of, relating to, or represented by a graph
grave
n.坟墓an excavation for burial of a body 
v.雕刻 to carve or shape with a chisel : SCULPTURE
adj.严重的significantly serious : CONSIDERABLE, GREAT
grumpy
adj.脾气坏的, 性情乖戾的 moodily cross : SURLY

H
hardly
adv.刚刚, 仅 Barely; just ; 几乎不  certainly not
hatch
vt.孵, 孵出 to produce young by incubation; 舱口, 舱口盖 a small door or opening
hearty
adj.衷心的, 亲切的 enthusiastically or exuberantly cordial
精神饱满的, 丰盛的, 强烈的 VIGOROUS, VEHEMENT
hostile
adj.敌对的, 敌方的 of or relating to an enemy
huge
adj.巨大的, 极大的, 无限的 very large or extensive
hybrid
n.杂种,混血儿an offspring of two animals or plants of different races, breeds, species, or genera
adj.混合的, 杂种的

I
ignore
vt.不理睬, 忽视 1. to refuse to take notice of ; to reject (a bill of indictment) as ungrounded
imitate
vt.模仿,仿效1.to produce a copy of: REPRODUCE; 2 to follow as a pattern, model, or example
imperceptible
adj.感觉不到的not perceptible by a sense or by the mind : extremely slight, gradual, or subtle
increase
vi.增加 to become progressively greater , 繁殖  to multiply by the production of young
indefinite
adj.模糊的, 不确定的 not definite ; not precise : VAGUE
indicative
adj.(~ of) 指示的, 预示的, 可表示的 serving to indicate
induce
vt.劝诱, 促使 to move by persuasion or influence ; 导致, 引起EFFECT, CAUSE
ingenious
adj.机灵的  showing or calling for intelligence, aptitude, or discernment
有独创性的marked by originality, resourcefulness, and cleverness in conception or execution
inhibit
v. 抑制  to hold in check : RESTRAIN; 约束: to prohibit from doing something
insatiable
adj.不知足的, 贪求无厌的 incapable of being satisfied : QUENCHLESS
inspiring
adj.灌输的, 鼓舞的  having an animating or exalting effect
insult
n.侮辱, 凌辱 a gross indignity
vt.侮辱, 凌辱  to treat with insolence, indignity, or contempt : AFFRONT;
intense
adj.强烈的existing in an extreme degree 热情的exhibiting strong feeling of purpose
intricate
adj.复杂的, 错综的having many complexly interrelating parts or elements : COMPLICATED 难以理解的  difficult to resolve or analyze
inundate
v.淹没 to cover with a flood : OVERFLOW
invent
vt.发明, 创造 to produce (as something useful) for the first time

L
landmark
n.地界标 an object (as a stone or tree) that marks the boundary of land
里程碑, 划时代的事 an event or development that marks a turning point or a stage
lateral
adj.横(向)的, 侧面的 of or relating to the side
legendary
adj.传说中的 of, relating to, or characteristic of legend or a legend
liberate
v.解放, 释放  to set at liberty : FREE;
limited
adj.有限的, 狭窄的 confined within limits: RESTRICTED
缺乏创见的 : lacking breadth and originality literally
locale
n.现场a place or locality especially when viewed in relation to a particular event or characteristic
ludicrous
adj.可笑的, 滑稽的 meriting derisive laughter or scorn as absurdly inept, false, or foolish
lyrical
adj.抒情诗调的, 充满感情的 : LYRIC

M
magnificence
n.华丽, 富丽堂皇  the quality or state of being magnificent
mandatory
adj. 命令的, 强制的 Required or commanded by authority; obligatory
mar
v.弄坏, 毁坏 to inflict serious bodily harm on : DESTROY
mature
adj.成熟的, 到期的 having completed natural growth and development : RIPE
merchandise
n.商品, 货物 the commodities or goods that are bought and sold in business : WARES
minuscule
adj.小字写的written in or in the size or style of minuscules, 极小的 very small
misleading
adj.易误解的, 令人误解的  leading in a wrong direction or into a mistaken action
moderately
adv.适度地 avoiding extremes of behavior or expression: CALM, TEMPERATE
motionless
adj.不动的, 静止的 without any motion
muscular
adj.肌肉的 of, relating to, or constituting muscle; 强健的 having well-developed musculature
mutation
n.变化, 转变 a significant and basic alteration : CHANGE

N
naked
adj.裸体的, 无遮盖的 not covered by clothing : NUDE
无装饰的, 无保护的 not provided with a shade 
nominal
adj.名义上的, 有名无实的 of, relating to, or constituting a name
nourishment
n.食物, 营养品 a : FOOD, NUTRIMENT  b : SUSTENANCE
now and then
adv. 偶然 from time to time : OCCASIONALLY

O
oath
n.誓言, 宣誓, 诅咒  a solemn attestation of the truth or inviolability of one's words
obstacle
n.障碍, 妨害物 something that impedes progress or achievement
ominous
adj.预兆的, 恶兆的 being or exhibiting an omen : PORTENTOUS;
on the spot
adv.当场, 在危险中, 处于负责地位
operation
n.运转, 操作, 实施, 作用, 业务, 工作, 手术
option
n.选项, 选择权 the power or right to choose : freedom of choice
outlawe
n.歹徒a lawless person or a fugitive from the law 
逃犯 a person excluded from the benefit or protection of the law        
v. 宣布...为不合法to deprive of the benefit and protection of law : declare to be an outlaw
overlap
v.(与...)交迭 to extend over or past and cover a part of
overwhelm
vt.淹没, 覆没 to cover over completely : SUBMERGE 颠覆,推翻UPSET, OVERTHROW

P
panacea
n.万能药 a remedy for all ills or difficulties : CURE-ALL
particle
n.粒子,极小量, 微粒 a minute quantity or fragment
passing
n.经过, 消逝(死)  the act of one that passes or causes to pass;  especially   : DEATH
adj.经过的 going by or past 及格的 given on satisfactory completion of an examination
path
n.小路, 小径a trodden way  路线, 轨道a track specially constructed for a particular use
penetrate
vt.穿透, 渗透 to pass into or through; 洞察to discover the inner contents or meaning of
perennial
adj.终年的, 长期的, 永久的 PERSISTENT, ENDURING
perjury
n.伪誓, 伪证 the voluntary violation of an oath or vow: false swearing
perplexing
adj.复杂的, 令人困惑的 causing to make intricate or involved
phenomenon
n.现象 an observable fact or event
plot
n.小块土地 a small area of planted ground
(小说的)情节 the plan or main story of a literary work
vi.密谋, 策划 to plan or contrive especially secretly
point out
v.指出
poll
n民意测验 a questioning or canvassing of persons selected at random
v.投票 to question or canvass in a poll               
posthumously
adj.死的的,遗腹的 born after the death of the father
praise
vt.赞扬, 歌颂 to express a favorable judgment of : COMMEND
precision
n.精密度, 精度 the quality or state of being precise : EXACTNESS
predominantly
adv. 支配地 PREDOMINANTLY
prevail
vi.流行, 盛行 to be or continue in use or fashion : PERSIST
获胜, 成功 to gain ascendancy through strength or superiority : TRIUMPH
primitive
adj.原始的, 远古的of or relating to the earliest age or period : PRIMEVAL
粗糙的, 简单的
private
adj.私人的, 私有的 belonging to or concerning an individual person, company, or interest
profitable
adj.有利可图的 affording profits : yielding advantageous returns or results
promotion
n.促进; 提升, 晋升  the act of furthering the growth or development of something
propagate
v.繁殖  to cause to continue or increase by sexual or asexual reproduction
传播, 宣传  to cause to spread out and affect a greater number or greater area : EXTEND
prospect
n.景色  something extended to the view : SCENE  前景 an extensive view
vi.寻找, 勘探 to explore an area especially for mineral deposits
pulp
n.(水果的)果肉 the soft, succulent part of a fruit
puzzling
adj.使迷惑的  difficult to understand or solve

R
range
n.山脉 a series of mountains 行列a series of things in a line : ROW
范围, 射程 the space or extent included, covered, or used : SCOPE
vt.排列 to set in a row or in the proper order; 归类 to assign to a category : CLASSIFY            
reach
n. 范围 : a continuous stretch or expanse;  vt.到达, 达到 to stretch out : EXTEND
rebel
n.造反者 one who rebels or participates in a rebellion
adj.造反的, 叛逆的  DISOBEDIENT, REBELLIOUS
v.造反, 反叛 to oppose or disobey one in authority or control
recipient
n.容纳者, 容器 one that receives : RECEIVER
recycle
v. 重复利用 to adapt to a new use : ALTER   n.再循环 the process of recycling
refrain
n.重复, 叠句 a regularly recurring phrase or verse ;vi.节制, 避免  CURB, RESTRAIN
regrettably
adv.抱歉地, 遗憾地 1. to a regrettable extent; 2 : it is to be regretted
relate
vt.叙述, 讲 to give an account of : TELL
使联系, 发生关系 to show or establish logical or causal connection between
reluctantly
adv.不情愿地 feeling or showing aversion, hesitation, or unwillingness
remote
adj.遥远的, 偏僻的 far removed in space or time
repair
n.修理, 修补 to restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
research
n.研究 careful or diligent search vi.研究, 调查 to search or investigate exhaustively
resort
vi.求助, 诉诸 to have recourse ; 常去to go especially frequently or habitually
度假胜地a place providing recreation and entertainment
常去之地  frequent, habitual, or general visiting
restore
vt.恢复, 使回复to bring back to or put back into a former or original state
归还, 交还 to put again in possession
revere
v.尊敬, 敬畏, 崇敬 to show devoted deferential honor to
rewarding
adj.报答的, 有益的, 值得的 yielding or likely to yield a reward : VALUABLE
rudimentary
adj.根本的consisting in first principles: FUNDAMENTAL未发展的 of a primitive kind
run-down
adj.破败的,衰败的 being in poor repair : DILAPIDATED
n.. 纲要, 总结

S
scarcely
adv.几乎不, 简直没有 almost not ;  certainly not;  probably not
scenery
n.风景, 景色 a picturesque view or landscape
scrupulous
adv.小心翼翼地, 多顾虑地acting in strict regard for what is considered right or proper
secretly
adv.秘密地, 背地里
seek
v.寻找, 探索 to go in search of : look for;  寻求 to ask for : REQUEST
sensible
adj.明智的, 有判断力的 perceptible to the senses or to reason or understanding
shade
n.荫, 阴暗 comparative darkness or obscurity owing to interception of the rays of light
sheer
adj.全然的  UTTER 峻峭的 marked by great and continuous steepness
透明的 of very thin or transparent texture
v.使避开 to deviate from a course : SWERVE
shield
n.防护物, 盾 one that protects or defends : DEFENSE
vt.(from) 保护to protect with or as if with a shield : provide with a protective cover or shelter
silently
adv.默默地, 静静地 free from sound or noise : STILL
site
n.地点, 场所 the spatial location of an actual or planned structure or set of structures
sketch
n .略图, 草图 a rough drawing representing the chief features
slim
adj.苗条的, 纤细的 of small diameter in proportion to the height or length : SLENDER
socket
n. 孔, 插座, 糟 an opening or hollow that forms a holder for something
solitary
adj.孤独的1being, living, or going alone or without companions 2saddened by isolation
sophisticated
adj.诡辩的, 久经世故的 not in a natural, pure, or original state : ADULTERATED
spacious
adj.广大的, 大规模的 : vast or ample in extent : ROOMY; large or magnificent in scale
split
v.劈开, (使)裂开 to affect as if by cleaving or forcing apart
stain
n.污点, 瑕疵 a soiled or discolored spot ;  v.染污, 沾污to suffuse with color
static
adj.静态的, 静力的 exerting force by reason of weight alone without motion
strengthen
v.加强, 巩固 to make stronger
strict
adj.(~ with) 严格的 stringent in requirement or control, , 精确的 EXACT, PRECISE
stripe
n.斑纹, 条纹 a stroke or blow with a rod or lash
stubborn
adj.顽固的unreasonably or perversely unyielding : MULISH
难应付的, difficult to handle ,manage, or treat
style
n.风格 a distinctive manner or custom of behaving or conducting oneself
文体 a distinctive manner of expression
subtle
adj.狡猾的highly skillful: EXPERT 微妙的 DELICATE, ELUSIVE; 精细的REFINED
supernatural
adj.超自然的of or relating to an order of existence beyond the visible observable universe
surpass
vt.超越, 胜过1 to go beyond : OVERSTEP; 2 to become better, greater, or stronger than :
suspicious
adj.(~ of) 可疑的, 怀疑的 tending to arouse suspicion : QUESTIONABLE
swift
adj.迅速的, 快的, 敏捷的 in a swift manner : with speed : QUICKLY
symphony
n.交响乐, 交响曲 a musical composition (as for organ) resembling such a symphony in complexity or variety

T
take place
v. 发生 To happen; occur.
temperature
n.温度 degree of hotness or coldness measured on a definite scale
tension
n.紧张(状态), 不安张力the stress resulting from the elongation of an elastic body
terrifying
adj. 恐怖的 causing terror or apprehension
theory
n.理论 , 原理 the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to one another
timid
adj.胆小的: lacking in boldness or determination
羞怯的 lacking in courage or self-confidence
tolerate
vt.忍受, 容忍 to suffer to be or to be done without prohibition
touching
adj.动人的, 令人同情的 capable of arousing emotions of tenderness or compassion
trace
n.痕迹, 踪迹a mark or line left by something that has passed;
微量 a minute and often barely detectable amount or indication
transplant
v.移植, 移种, to transfer (an organ or tissue) from one part or individual to another
移民to remove from one place or context and settle or introduce elsewhere : relocate
treasured
n.财宝, 财富wealth of any kind or in any form : RICHES
vt.珍爱, 珍惜 to hold or keep as precious : CHERISH, PRIZE
trickle
v.滴流 1 a : to issue or fall in drops  b : to flow in a thin gentle stream
tropical
adj.热带的, 热情的 of, relating to, occurring in, or suitable for use in the tropics
turbulence
n.骚乱, 动荡 the quality or state of being turbulent

U
unaccustomed
adj.不习惯的not habituated,不平常的  not customary : not usual or common
unbearable
adj.无法忍受的, 承受不住的 not bearable : UNENDURABLE
uncalled-for
adj.不必要的, 多余的 Not required or requested; unwanted
unquenchable
adj.难抑制的 Impossible to slake or satisfy:, 不能消灭的 mpossible to suppress

V
vacillate
v.犹豫不定 to waver in mind, will, or feeling : hesitate in choice of opinions or courses 
vandalism
n.故意破坏公物,艺术的行为 willful or malicious destruction or defacement of public or private property
verify
vt.检验, , 查证to establish the truth, accuracy, or reality of
vigorous
adj.精力旺盛的, 有力的 possessing vigor : full of physical or mental strength or active force : STRONG
vivid
adj.生动的,逼真的having the appearance of vigorous life or freshness : LIVELY
清晰的  producing distinct mental images

W
warn
vt.警告, 注意, 通知 to give notice to beforehand especially of danger or evil
wed
v.娶,嫁,结婚 to take for wife or husband by a formal ceremony : MARRY
widespread
adj.分布广泛的widely extended or spread out; 普遍的 widely diffused or prevalent
willing
adj.自愿的 inclined or favorably disposed in mind : READY
反应迅速的 prompt to act or respond
withhold
vt. 抑制 to hold back from action : CHECK ;
拒给, to refrain from granting, giving, or allowing
vi.忍住 : FORBEAR, REFRAIN

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