《英语语法新思维初级教程》学习笔记(五)形容词

  参考资料:

  1. 《英语语法新思维初级教程》

  

  ▶ 知识点

  ▼ 形容词可放在名词的前面或后面,构成前置修饰或后置修饰。

  ▼ 前置定语通常句型:“限定词 + 形容词 + 名词”。当修饰something,anything,somebody/someone,no body/no one等不定代词时形容词要后置。

my best friend
a typical mistake
the popular songs

  

  ▼ 多个形容词修饰名词时的顺序。规则:观点形容词(opinion adjective) + 描绘形容词(descriptive adjective)

  名词前的修饰语顺序:限定词 + 观点形容词 + 尺寸大小 + 形状 + 新旧 + 颜色 + 国籍、出处或产地 + 质地材料 + 中心名。

  ▼ 单个形容词作定语,一般置于被修饰名词前。但形容词短语作定语,一般只能置于被修饰名词后,即充当后置定语。

the popular mistake
a mistake typical of beginners of English

the popular song
the song popular in the 1970s

  “形容词 + 介词短语”构成形容词短语

a jacket similar to yours
a nation as large as California

  “形容词 + 不定式短语”构成非谓语动词短语(形容词短语)

parents eager to support their children's efforts
Students brave enough to attempt the course deserve to succeed

  “形容词 + 动名词短语”构成形容词短语

a waiter busy serving the guests

  that引起的定语从句

  将单个形容词提到名词前,把形容词的补足语留在名词后的用法

a man taller than John
a taller man than John

  

  ▼ 多个形容词并列构成的形容词短语

a set of furniture, simple and beautiful
All countries, large or small, should be equal

  

  ▼ 形容词比较级不能省略the的情况

I think this painting is the more interesting of the two.

 

  ▼ 形容词最高级的用法

  the + 最高级 + in + 地方 / the + 序数词 + 最高级 + in + 地方

 

It is the most expensive car in the world. // 不能用of
The most beautiful sound in the world.

the third longest river in the world.
the second longest rive in China.

  the + 形容词/副词的最高级 + of + 所属范围

the most intelligent of birds.
The youngest of the family.

// 将“of + 范围”这一短语放置在句首
Of all metals, gold is the least useful.
Of all forms of energy, electricity is most widely used.

 

  ▼ 最高级前面的定冠词the

  1. 形容词的最高级修饰名词用在名词之前,一般要加the。

This is the most interesting book of all.

  2. most有时用在形容词前,并非最高级,而是表示“非常,很”的意思,相当于very,very much。此时,在most前一般不加定冠词the。      

The story is most interesting.
It is a most difficult problem.

 

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/AmitX-moten/p/4889986.html

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