在Andorid中使用FFmpeg实现YUV编码为MP4

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在Andorid中使用FFmpeg实现YUV编码为MP4

最进根据公司项目需要,学习FFmpeg音视频编解码做技术储备,项目是运行在android平台上的,现在需求还不确定,可能需要YUV编码为MP4。

activity_main.xml主要代码

   <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/tv_route_5"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:gravity="center_vertical"
            app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
            app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"/>

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/bt_yuv"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="选择YUV"
            />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/bt5"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="压缩"
            />
    </LinearLayout>

bt_yuv打开文件管理器选择文件,tv_route_5显示文件路径,bt5开始编码。

MainActivity.java 核心代码

    static {
        System.loadLibrary("native-lib");
    }

   public native int yuvToMp4(String input_jstr, String output_jstr, int w_jstr, int h_jstr, int num_jstr);

在Android中使用FFmpeg可以参考 在Android Studio中使用cmake编译FFmpeg

    public void openSystemFile(int type) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
        //系统调用Action属性
        intent.setType("*/*");
        //设置文件类型
        intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
        // 添加Category属性
        try {
            startActivityForResult(intent, type);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Toast.makeText(this, "没有正确打开文件管理器", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

 @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {//是否选择,没选择就不会继续      
                Uri uri = data.getData();//得到uri,后面就是将uri转化成file的过程。
                String[] proj = {MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA};
                Cursor actualimagecursor = managedQuery(uri, proj, null, null, null);
                int actual_image_column_index = actualimagecursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
                actualimagecursor.moveToFirst();
                String img_path = actualimagecursor.getString(actual_image_column_index);
                if ( img_path.endsWith(".yuv")) {
                    if (requestCode == 5) {
                        tvRoute5.setText(img_path);
                    }
                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(this, "请选择正确的文件", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
            }
      }


    /**
     * 压缩按钮,开始转Mp4
     */
    private void compress(final TextView tvRoute, final int w_jstr, final int h_jstr, final int num_jstr) {
        dialog.showDialog();
        String[] videoInfo = tvRoute.getText().toString().split("/");
        String fileName = videoInfo[videoInfo.length - 1];
        final String[] fileNames = fileName.split("\\.");
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {

                int result = yuvToMp4(tvRoute.getText().toString(), "/storage/emulated/0/Download/avtest/" + fileNames[0] + ".mp4", w_jstr, h_jstr, num_jstr);
                //转码成功
                if (result >= 0) {
                    handler.sendEmptyMessage(2);
                } else {
                    handler.sendEmptyMessage(1);
                }
            }
        }).start();
    }


   Handler handler = new Handler(new Handler.Callback() {
        @Override
        public boolean handleMessage(Message message) {
            if (message.what == 1) {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Error", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                dialog.dismiss();
            } else if (message.what == 2) {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "成功", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                dialog.dismiss();
            }
            return false;
        }
    });

调用系统的文件管理器,选择YUV文件,在子线程中调用yuvToMp4将其转化为MP4,然后在Handler中更新UI。

native-lib.cpp核心代码


int flush_encoder(AVFormatContext *fmt_ctx, unsigned int stream_index);

/***
 * yuv转换成mp4
 */
extern "C"
JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL
Java_com_yodosmart_ffmpegdemo_MainActivity_yuvToMp4(JNIEnv *env, jobject instance,
                                                    jstring input_jstr_, jstring output_jstr_,
                                                    jint w_jstr_, jint h_jstr_, jint num_jstr_) {
    const char *input_jstr = env->GetStringUTFChars(input_jstr_, 0);
    const char *output_jstr = env->GetStringUTFChars(output_jstr_, 0);
    AVFormatContext *pFormatCtx;
    AVOutputFormat *fmt;
    AVStream *video_st;
    AVCodecContext *pCodecCtx;
    AVCodec *pCodec;
    AVPacket pkt;
    uint8_t *picture_buf;
    AVFrame *pFrame;
    int picture_size;
    int y_size;
    int framecnt = 0;
    //FILE *in_file = fopen("src01_480x272.yuv", "rb"); //Input raw YUV data
    FILE *in_file = fopen(input_jstr, "rb");   //Input raw YUV data



    int in_w = w_jstr_, in_h = h_jstr_;                              //Input data's width and height
    int framenum = num_jstr_;                                   //Frames to encode
    //const char* out_file = "src01.h264";              //Output Filepath
    //const char* out_file = "src01.ts";
    //const char* out_file = "src01.hevc";
    const char *out_file = output_jstr;

    av_register_all();
    //Method1.
    pFormatCtx = avformat_alloc_context();
    //Guess Format
    fmt = av_guess_format(NULL, out_file, NULL);
    pFormatCtx->oformat = fmt;

    //Method 2.
    //avformat_alloc_output_context2(&pFormatCtx, NULL, NULL, out_file);
    //fmt = pFormatCtx->oformat;


    //Open output URL
    if (avio_open(&pFormatCtx->pb, out_file, AVIO_FLAG_READ_WRITE) < 0) {
        printf("Failed to open output file! \n");
        return -1;
    }

    video_st = avformat_new_stream(pFormatCtx, 0);
    //video_st->time_base.num = 1;
    //video_st->time_base.den = 25;

    if (video_st == NULL) {
        return -1;
    }
    //Param that must set
    pCodecCtx = video_st->codec;
    //pCodecCtx->codec_id =AV_CODEC_ID_HEVC;
    pCodecCtx->codec_id = fmt->video_codec;
    pCodecCtx->codec_type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
    pCodecCtx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
    pCodecCtx->width = in_w;
    pCodecCtx->height = in_h;
    pCodecCtx->bit_rate = 400000;
    pCodecCtx->gop_size = 250;

    pCodecCtx->time_base.num = 1;
    pCodecCtx->time_base.den = 25;

    //H264
    //pCodecCtx->me_range = 16;
    //pCodecCtx->max_qdiff = 4;
    //pCodecCtx->qcompress = 0.6;
    pCodecCtx->qmin = 10;
    pCodecCtx->qmax = 51;

    //Optional Param
    pCodecCtx->max_b_frames = 3;

    // Set Option
    AVDictionary *param = 0;
    //H.264
    if (pCodecCtx->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264) {
        av_dict_set(&param, "preset", "slow", 0);
        av_dict_set(&param, "tune", "zerolatency", 0);
        //av_dict_set(¶m, "profile", "main", 0);
    }
    //H.265
    if (pCodecCtx->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H265) {
        av_dict_set(&param, "preset", "ultrafast", 0);
        av_dict_set(&param, "tune", "zero-latency", 0);
    }

    //Show some Information
    av_dump_format(pFormatCtx, 0, out_file, 1);

    pCodec = avcodec_find_encoder(pCodecCtx->codec_id);
    if (!pCodec) {
        printf("Can not find encoder! \n");
        return -1;
    }
    if (avcodec_open2(pCodecCtx, pCodec, &param) < 0) {
        printf("Failed to open encoder! \n");
        return -1;
    }


    pFrame = av_frame_alloc();
    picture_size = avpicture_get_size(pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width, pCodecCtx->height);
    picture_buf = (uint8_t *) av_malloc(picture_size);
    avpicture_fill((AVPicture *) pFrame, picture_buf, pCodecCtx->pix_fmt, pCodecCtx->width,
                   pCodecCtx->height);

    //Write File Header
    avformat_write_header(pFormatCtx, NULL);

    av_new_packet(&pkt, picture_size);

    y_size = pCodecCtx->width * pCodecCtx->height;

    for (int i = 0; i < framenum; i++) {
        //Read raw YUV data
        if (fread(picture_buf, 1, y_size * 3 / 2, in_file) <= 0) {
            printf("Failed to read raw data! \n");
            return -1;
        } else if (feof(in_file)) {
            break;
        }
        pFrame->data[0] = picture_buf;              // Y
        pFrame->data[1] = picture_buf + y_size;      // U
        pFrame->data[2] = picture_buf + y_size * 5 / 4;  // V
        //PTS
        //pFrame->pts=i;
        pFrame->pts = i * (video_st->time_base.den) / ((video_st->time_base.num) * 25);
        int got_picture = 0;
        //Encode
        int ret = avcodec_encode_video2(pCodecCtx, &pkt, pFrame, &got_picture);
        if (ret < 0) {
            printf("Failed to encode! \n");
            return -1;
        }
        if (got_picture == 1) {
            printf("Succeed to encode frame: %5d\tsize:%5d\n", framecnt, pkt.size);
            framecnt++;
            pkt.stream_index = video_st->index;
            ret = av_write_frame(pFormatCtx, &pkt);
            av_free_packet(&pkt);
        }
    }
    //Flush Encoder
    int ret = flush_encoder(pFormatCtx, 0);
    if (ret < 0) {
        printf("Flushing encoder failed\n");
        return -1;
    }

    //Write file trailer
    av_write_trailer(pFormatCtx);

    //Clean
    if (video_st) {
        avcodec_close(video_st->codec);
        av_free(pFrame);
        av_free(picture_buf);
    }
    avio_close(pFormatCtx->pb);
    avformat_free_context(pFormatCtx);

    fclose(in_file);

    return 0;

}

int flush_encoder(AVFormatContext *fmt_ctx, unsigned int stream_index) {
    int ret;
    int got_frame;
    AVPacket enc_pkt;
    if (!(fmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec->codec->capabilities &
          CODEC_CAP_DELAY))
        return 0;
    while (1) {
        enc_pkt.data = NULL;
        enc_pkt.size = 0;
        av_init_packet(&enc_pkt);
        ret = avcodec_encode_video2(fmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec, &enc_pkt,
                                    NULL, &got_frame);
        av_frame_free(NULL);
        if (ret < 0)
            break;
        if (!got_frame) {
            ret = 0;
            break;
        }
        printf("Flush Encoder: Succeed to encode 1 frame!\tsize:%5d\n", enc_pkt.size);
        /* mux encoded frame */
        ret = av_write_frame(fmt_ctx, &enc_pkt);
        if (ret < 0)
            break;
    }
    return ret;
}

代码下载

参考资料
http://blog.csdn.net/leixiaohua1020/article/details/25430425

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