cygwin安装sshd服务(win7)Error installing a service: OpenSCManager: Win32 error 5:

  1. Error installing a service: OpenSCManager: Win32 error 5:  
          出现这个问题的解决办法:win7系统管理员运行Cygwin软件




正确的过程为:

  1. sony@sony-VAIO~ $ ssh-host-config
  2. *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_key
  3. *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_rsa_key
  4. *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_dsa_key
  5. *** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
  6. *** Info: Creating default /etc/ssh_config file
  7. *** Info: Creating default /etc/sshd_config file
  8. *** Info: Privilege separation is set to yes by default since OpenSSH 3.3.
  9. *** Info: However, this requires a non-privileged account called 'sshd'.
  10. *** Info: For more info on privilege separation read /usr/share/doc/openssh/READ
  11. ME.privsep.
  12. *** Query: Should privilege separation be used? (yes/no) no
  13. *** Info: Updating /etc/sshd_config file
  14. *** Query: Do you want to install sshd as a service?
  15. *** Query: (Say "no" if it is already installed as a service) (yes/no) yes
  16. *** Query: Enter the value of CYGWIN for the daemon: netsec] netsec
  17. *** Info: On Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and above, the
  18. *** Info: SYSTEM account cannot setuid to other users -- a capability
  19. *** Info: sshd requires. You need to have or to create a privileged
  20. *** Info: account. This script will help you do so.
  21. *** Info: You appear to be running Windows XP 64bit, Windows 2003 Server,
  22. *** Info: or later. On these systems, it's not possible to use the LocalSystem
  23. *** Info: account for services that can change the user id without an
  24. *** Info: explicit password (such as passwordless logins [e.g. public key
  25. *** Info: authentication] via sshd).
  26. *** Info: If you want to enable that functionality, it's required to create
  27. *** Info: a new account with special privileges (unless a similar account
  28. *** Info: already exists). This account is then used to run these special
  29. *** Info: servers.
  30. *** Info: Note that creating a new user requires that the current account
  31. *** Info: have Administrator privileges itself.
  32. *** Info: No privileged account could be found.
  33. *** Info: This script plans to use 'cyg_server'.
  34. *** Info: 'cyg_server' will only be used by registered services.
  35. *** Query: Do you want to use a different name? (yes/no) yes
  36. *** Query: Enter the new user name: sony
  37. *** Query: Reenter: sony
  38. *** Warning: Privileged account 'sony' was specified,
  39. *** Warning: but it does not have the necessary privileges.
  40. *** Warning: Continuing, but will probably use a different account.
  41. *** Warning: The specified account 'sony' does not have the
  42. *** Warning: required permissions or group memberships. This may
  43. *** Warning: cause problems if not corrected; continuing...
  44. *** Query: Please enter the password for user 'sony':
  45. *** Query: Reenter:
  46. *** Info: The sshd service has been installed under the 'sony'
  47. *** Info: account. To start the service now, call `net start sshd' or
  48. *** Info: `cygrunsrv -S sshd'. Otherwise, it will start automatically
  49. *** Info: after the next reboot.
  50. *** Info: Host configuration finished. Have fun!
sony@sony-VAIO~ $ ssh-host-config

*** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_key
*** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_rsa_key
*** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_dsa_key
*** Info: Generating /etc/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
*** Info: Creating default /etc/ssh_config file
*** Info: Creating default /etc/sshd_config file
*** Info: Privilege separation is set to yes by default since OpenSSH 3.3.
*** Info: However, this requires a non-privileged account called 'sshd'.
*** Info: For more info on privilege separation read /usr/share/doc/openssh/READ
ME.privsep.
*** Query: Should privilege separation be used? (yes/no) no
*** Info: Updating /etc/sshd_config file

*** Query: Do you want to install sshd as a service?
*** Query: (Say "no" if it is already installed as a service) (yes/no) yes
*** Query: Enter the value of CYGWIN for the daemon: netsec] netsec
*** Info: On Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and above, the
*** Info: SYSTEM account cannot setuid to other users -- a capability
*** Info: sshd requires.  You need to have or to create a privileged
*** Info: account.  This script will help you do so.

*** Info: You appear to be running Windows XP 64bit, Windows 2003 Server,
*** Info: or later.  On these systems, it's not possible to use the LocalSystem
*** Info: account for services that can change the user id without an
*** Info: explicit password (such as passwordless logins [e.g. public key
*** Info: authentication] via sshd).

*** Info: If you want to enable that functionality, it's required to create
*** Info: a new account with special privileges (unless a similar account
*** Info: already exists). This account is then used to run these special
*** Info: servers.

*** Info: Note that creating a new user requires that the current account
*** Info: have Administrator privileges itself.

*** Info: No privileged account could be found.

*** Info: This script plans to use 'cyg_server'.
*** Info: 'cyg_server' will only be used by registered services.
*** Query: Do you want to use a different name? (yes/no) yes
*** Query: Enter the new user name: sony
*** Query: Reenter: sony

*** Warning: Privileged account 'sony' was specified,
*** Warning: but it does not have the necessary privileges.
*** Warning: Continuing, but will probably use a different account.
*** Warning: The specified account 'sony' does not have the
*** Warning: required permissions or group memberships. This may
*** Warning: cause problems if not corrected; continuing...
*** Query: Please enter the password for user 'sony':
*** Query: Reenter:


*** Info: The sshd service has been installed under the 'sony'
*** Info: account.  To start the service now, call `net start sshd' or
*** Info: `cygrunsrv -S sshd'.  Otherwise, it will start automatically
*** Info: after the next reboot.

*** Info: Host configuration finished. Have fun!

$ net start sshd
发生系统错误 1069 --- 表示由于登录失败而无法启动服务

解决方法:在cmd中输入services.msc即可打开windows的服务,在服务中把密码改对就可以了。
(在上面配置ssh的过程中我的用户名是:sony 密码是:123456)

sshd服务装成功如下:

  1. sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ net start sshd
  2. CYGWIN sshd 服务正在启动 .
  3. CYGWIN sshd 服务已经启动成功
sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ net start sshd
CYGWIN sshd 服务正在启动 .
CYGWIN sshd 服务已经启动成功

接下来是配置无密码登陆:

  1. sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ ssh-keygen -t rsa
  2. Generating public/private rsa key pair.
  3. Enter file in which to save the key (/home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa):
  4. Created directory '/home/sony/.ssh'.
  5. Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
  6. Enter same passphrase again:
  7. Your identification has been saved in /home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa.
  8. Your public key has been saved in /home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
  9. The key fingerprint is:
  10. e8:38:5e:e3:bb:cf:76:03:61:5f:f2:68:ed:a3:49:db sony@sony-VAIO
  11. The key's randomart image is:
  12. +--[ RSA 2048]----+
  13. | |
  14. | |
  15. | |
  16. | .o . . |
  17. | ..So * |
  18. | o . + o |
  19. | o + o.. |
  20. | . + o..o+o |
  21. | . +=o.+oE. |
  22. +-----------------+
  23. sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ cd .ssh/
  24. sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ ls
  25. id_rsa id_rsa.pub
  26. sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys
  27. sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ ls
  28. authorized_keys id_rsa id_rsa.pub
sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory '/home/sony/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/sony/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
e8:38:5e:e3:bb:cf:76:03:61:5f:f2:68:ed:a3:49:db sony@sony-VAIO
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
|                 |
|                 |
|                 |
|       .o . .    |
|      ..So *     |
|     o  . + o    |
|    o +  o..     |
|   . + o..o+o    |
|    . +=o.+oE.   |
+-----------------+

sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ cd .ssh/

sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ ls
id_rsa  id_rsa.pub

sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ cp id_rsa.pub authorized_keys

sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ ls
authorized_keys  id_rsa  id_rsa.pub

验证如下:

  1. sony@sony-VAIO ~/.ssh $ ssh localhost
  2. The authenticity of host 'localhost (::1)' can't be established.
  3. ECDSA key fingerprint is 5f:21:b1:24:80:92:f6:af:3e:e3:a8:f9:cb:a4:4f:ec.
  4. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
  5. Warning: Permanently added 'localhost' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
  6. sony@sony-VAIO ~ $ who
  7. sony tty0 2011-11-25 15:42 (::1)  

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文章标签: cygwin win7 sshd
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