Java获取客户端ip mac地址

1.获取客户端ip地址( 这个必须从客户端传到后台):

jsp页面下,很简单,request.getRemoteAddr() ;

因为系统的VIew层是用JSF来实现的,因此页面上没法直接获得类似request,在bean里做了个强制转换

  public String getMyIP() {

  try {

  FacesContext fc = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();

  HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest)fc.getExternalContext().getRequest();

  return request.getRemoteAddr();

  }

  catch (Exception e) {

  e.printStackTrace();

  }

  return "";

  }

2.获取客户端mac地址

调用window的命令,在后台Bean里实现 通过ip来获取mac地址。方法如下:

public String getMACAddress(String ip){

  String str = "";

  String macAddress = "";

  try {

  Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec("nbtstat -A " + ip);

  InputStreamReader ir = new InputStreamReader(p.getInputStream());

  LineNumberReader input = new LineNumberReader(ir);

  for (int i = 1; i < 100; i++) {

  str = input.readLine();

  if (str != null) {

  if (str.indexOf("MAC Address") > 1) {

  macAddress = str.substring(str.indexOf("MAC Address") + 14, str.length());

  break;

  }

  }

  }

  } catch (IOException e) {

  e.printStackTrace(System.out);

  }

  return macAddress;

  }

补充:

  关于获取IP地址的方式,最近在linux下有一个教训,如果单纯通过InetAddress来获取IP地址,就会出现在不同的机器上IP地址不同的问题。

  InetAddress.getLocalHost().getAddress() 实际上是根据hostname来获取IP地址的。linux系统在刚刚装完默认的hostname是localhost,所以通过上面代码获取到的本机ip就是127.0.0.1, 相对应,比如我的hostname就是rjlin.atsig.com 返回的ip地址确是atsig.com的地址。暂时采用下面代码来处理,当然还不够灵活:

public static byte[] getIp() throws UnknownHostException {

  byte[] b = InetAddress.getLocalHost().getAddress();

  Enumeration allNetInterfaces = null;

  try {

  allNetInterfaces = NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces();

  } catch (SocketException e) {

  e.printStackTrace();

  }

  InetAddress ip = null;

  NetworkInterface netInterface = null;

  while (allNetInterfaces.hasMoreElements()) {

  netInterface = (NetworkInterface) allNetInterfaces.nextElement();

  if (netInterface.getName().trim().equals("eth0")){

  Enumeration addresses = netInterface.getInetAddresses();

  while (addresses.hasMoreElements()) {

  ip = (InetAddress) addresses.nextElement();

  }

  break;

  }

  }

  if (ip != null && ip instanceof Inet4Address) {

  return b = ip.getAddress();

  }

  return b;

  }


原文:http://java.chinaitlab.com/base/819546.html

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