纯Java实现数字证书生成签名

package com.ylsoft.cert;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.Signature;
import java.security.SignatureException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.Certificate;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Vector;

import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;
import sun.security.util.ObjectIdentifier;
import sun.security.x509.AlgorithmId;
import sun.security.x509.CertAndKeyGen;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateAlgorithmId;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateExtensions;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateSerialNumber;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateValidity;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateVersion;
import sun.security.x509.CertificateX509Key;
import sun.security.x509.ExtendedKeyUsageExtension;
import sun.security.x509.Extension;
import sun.security.x509.KeyIdentifier;
import sun.security.x509.KeyUsageExtension;
import sun.security.x509.SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension;
import sun.security.x509.X500Name;
import sun.security.x509.X500Signer;
import sun.security.x509.X509CertImpl;
import sun.security.x509.X509CertInfo;

/**
 * 首先生成CA的根证书,然后有CA的根证书签署生成ScriptX的证书
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 * 
 */
public class GenX509Cert {
	/** 提供强加密随机数生成器 (RNG)* */
	private SecureRandom sr;

	public GenX509Cert() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
			NoSuchProviderException {
		// 返回实现指定随机数生成器 (RNG) 算法的 SecureRandom 对象。
		sr = SecureRandom.getInstance("SHA1PRNG", "SUN");
	}

	public void createCert(X509Certificate certificate, PrivateKey rootPrivKey,
			KeyPair kp) throws CertificateException, IOException,
			InvalidKeyException, NoSuchAlgorithmException,
			NoSuchProviderException, SignatureException {

		// X.509 v1 证书的抽象类。此类提供了一种访问 X.509 v1 证书所有属性的标准方式。
		byte certbytes[] = certificate.getEncoded();

		// The X509CertImpl class represents an X.509 certificate.
		X509CertImpl x509certimpl = new X509CertImpl(certbytes);

		// The X509CertInfo class represents X.509 certificate information.
		X509CertInfo x509certinfo = (X509CertInfo) x509certimpl
				.get("x509.info");

		// This class defines the X509Key attribute for the Certificate.
		x509certinfo.set("key", new CertificateX509Key(kp.getPublic()));

		// This class defines the Extensions attribute for the Certificate
		CertificateExtensions certificateextensions = new CertificateExtensions();

		certificateextensions.set("SubjectKeyIdentifier",
				new SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension((new KeyIdentifier(kp
						.getPublic())).getIdentifier()));

		x509certinfo.set("extensions", certificateextensions);

		// 设置issuer域
		X500Name issuer = new X500Name(
				"CN=RootCA,OU=hackwp,O=wp,L=BJ,S=BJ,C=CN");
		x509certinfo.set("issuer.dname", issuer);

		// Constructs a name from a conventionally formatted string, such as
		// "CN=Dave, OU=JavaSoft, O=Sun Microsystems, C=US". (RFC 1779 or RFC
		// 2253 style).
		X500Name subject = new X500Name(
				"CN=scriptx, OU=wps, O=wps, L=BJ, ST=BJ, C=CN");

		x509certinfo.set("subject.dname", subject);

		// 此 Signature 类用来为应用程序提供数字签名算法功能。返回实现指定签名算法的 Signature 对象。
		Signature signature = Signature.getInstance("MD5WithRSA");

		// 初始化这个用于签名的对象。如果使用其他参数再次调用此方法,此调用的结果将无效。
		signature.initSign(kp.getPrivate());

		// This class provides a binding between a Signature object and an
		// authenticated X.500 name (from an X.509 certificate chain), which is
		// needed in many public key signing applications.
		X500Signer signer = new X500Signer(signature, issuer);

		// This class identifies algorithms, such as cryptographic transforms,
		// each of which may be associated with parameters.
		AlgorithmId algorithmid = signer.getAlgorithmId();

		// This class defines the AlgorithmId for the Certificate.
		x509certinfo
				.set("algorithmID", new CertificateAlgorithmId(algorithmid));

		// 开始时间
		Date bdate = new Date();

		// 结束时间
		Date edate = new Date();

		// 天 小时 分 秒 毫秒
		edate.setTime(bdate.getTime() + 3650 * 24L * 60L * 60L * 1000L);

		// validity为有效时间长度 单位为秒,This class defines the interval for which the
		// certificate is valid.证书的有效时间
		CertificateValidity certificatevalidity = new CertificateValidity(
				bdate, edate);

		x509certinfo.set("validity", certificatevalidity);

		// This class defines the SerialNumber attribute for the Certificate.
		// 设置有效期域(包含开始时间和到期时间)域名等同与x509certinfo.VALIDITY
		x509certinfo.set("serialNumber", new CertificateSerialNumber(
				(int) (new Date().getTime() / 1000L)));

		// 设置序列号域,This class defines the version of the X509 Certificate.
		CertificateVersion cv = new CertificateVersion(CertificateVersion.V3);

		x509certinfo.set(X509CertInfo.VERSION, cv);

		// 设置版本号 只有v1 ,v2,v3这几个合法值
		/**
		 * 以上是证书的基本信息 如果要添加用户扩展信息 则比较麻烦 首先要确定version必须是v3否则不行 然后按照以下步骤
		 */
		ObjectIdentifier oid = new ObjectIdentifier(new int[] { 2, 5, 29, 15 });

		// 生成扩展域的id 是个int数组 第1位最大2 第2位最大39 最多可以几位不明....
		String userData = "Digital Signature, Non-Repudiation, Key Encipherment, Data Encipherment (f0)";

		byte l = (byte) userData.length();// 数据总长17位

		byte f = 0x04;

		byte[] bs = new byte[userData.length() + 2];

		bs[0] = f;

		bs[1] = l;

		for (int i = 2; i < bs.length; i++) {
			bs[i] = (byte) userData.charAt(i - 2);
		}

		Extension ext = new Extension(oid, true, bs);

		// 生成一个extension对象 参数分别为 oid,是否关键扩展,byte[]型的内容值
		// 其中内容的格式比较怪异 第一位是flag 这里取4暂时没出错 估计用来说明数据的用处的 第2位是后面的实际数据的长度,然后就是数据
		// 密钥用法
		KeyUsageExtension keyUsage = new KeyUsageExtension();

		keyUsage.set(KeyUsageExtension.DIGITAL_SIGNATURE, true);

		keyUsage.set(KeyUsageExtension.NON_REPUDIATION, true);

		keyUsage.set(KeyUsageExtension.KEY_ENCIPHERMENT, true);

		keyUsage.set(KeyUsageExtension.DATA_ENCIPHERMENT, true);

		// 增强密钥用法
		ObjectIdentifier ekeyOid = new ObjectIdentifier(new int[] { 1, 3, 6, 1,
				5, 5, 7, 3, 3 });

		Vector<ObjectIdentifier> vkeyOid = new Vector<ObjectIdentifier>();

		vkeyOid.add(ekeyOid);

		ExtendedKeyUsageExtension exKeyUsage = new ExtendedKeyUsageExtension(
				vkeyOid);

		CertificateExtensions exts = new CertificateExtensions();

		exts.set("keyUsage", keyUsage);

		exts.set("extendedKeyUsage", exKeyUsage);

		// 如果有多个extension则都放入CertificateExtensions 类中,
		x509certinfo.set(X509CertInfo.EXTENSIONS, exts);
		// 设置extensions域

		X509CertImpl x509certimpl1 = new X509CertImpl(x509certinfo);

		x509certimpl1.sign(rootPrivKey, "MD5WithRSA");
		// 使用另一个证书的私钥来签名此证书 这里使用 md5散列 用rsa来加密

		BASE64Encoder base64 = new BASE64Encoder();

		FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(new File("f:\\ScriptX.crt"));

		base64.encodeBuffer(x509certimpl1.getEncoded(), fos);

		try {
			Certificate[] certChain = { x509certimpl1 };

			savePfx("scriptx", kp.getPrivate(), "123456", certChain,
					"f:\\ScriptX.pfx");

			FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream("F:\\ScriptX.pfx");

			KeyStore inputKeyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("pkcs12");

			inputKeyStore.load(in, "123456".toCharArray());

			Certificate cert = inputKeyStore.getCertificate("scriptx");

			System.out.print(cert.getPublicKey());

			PrivateKey privk = (PrivateKey) inputKeyStore.getKey("scriptx",
					"123456".toCharArray());

			FileOutputStream privKfos = new FileOutputStream(new File(
					"f:\\ScriptX.pvk"));

			privKfos.write(privk.getEncoded());

			System.out.print(privk);
			// base64.encode(key.getEncoded(), privKfos);

			in.close();

		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		// 生成文件
		x509certimpl1.verify(certificate.getPublicKey(), null);

	}

	/**
	 * 保存此根证书信息KeyStore Personal Information Exchange
	 * 
	 * @param alias
	 * @param privKey
	 * @param pwd
	 * @param certChain
	 * @param filepath
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public void savePfx(String alias, PrivateKey privKey, String pwd,
			Certificate[] certChain, String filepath) throws Exception {
		// 此类表示密钥和证书的存储设施。
		// 返回指定类型的 keystore 对象。此方法从首选 Provider 开始遍历已注册安全提供者列表。返回一个封装 KeyStoreSpi
		// 实现的新 KeyStore 对象,该实现取自第一个支持指定类型的 Provider。
		KeyStore outputKeyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("pkcs12");

		System.out.println("KeyStore类型:" + outputKeyStore.getType());

		// 从给定输入流中加载此 KeyStore。可以给定一个密码来解锁 keystore(例如,驻留在硬件标记设备上的 keystore)或检验
		// keystore 数据的完整性。如果没有指定用于完整性检验的密码,则不会执行完整性检验。如果要创建空
		// keystore,或者不能从流中初始化 keystore,则传递 null 作为 stream 的参数。注意,如果此 keystore
		// 已经被加载,那么它将被重新初始化,并再次从给定输入流中加载。
		outputKeyStore.load(null, pwd.toCharArray());

		// 将给定密钥(已经被保护)分配给给定别名。如果受保护密钥的类型为
		// java.security.PrivateKey,则它必须附带证明相应公钥的证书链。如果底层 keystore 实现的类型为
		// jks,则必须根据 PKCS #8 标准中的定义将 key 编码为
		// EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo。如果给定别名已经存在,则与别名关联的 keystore
		// 信息将被给定密钥(还可能包括证书链)重写。
		outputKeyStore
				.setKeyEntry(alias, privKey, pwd.toCharArray(), certChain);

		// KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry pke=new
		// KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry(kp.getPrivate(),certChain);
		// KeyStore.PasswordProtection password=new
		// KeyStore.PasswordProtection("123456".toCharArray());
		// outputKeyStore.setEntry("scriptx", pke, password);

		FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(filepath);

		// 将此 keystore 存储到给定输出流,并用给定密码保护其完整性。
		outputKeyStore.store(out, pwd.toCharArray());

		out.close();
	}

	public void saveJks(String alias, PrivateKey privKey, String pwd,
			Certificate[] certChain, String filepath) throws Exception {

		KeyStore outputKeyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("jks");

		System.out.println(outputKeyStore.getType());

		outputKeyStore.load(null, pwd.toCharArray());

		outputKeyStore
				.setKeyEntry(alias, privKey, pwd.toCharArray(), certChain);

		// KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry pke=new
		// KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry(kp.getPrivate(),certChain);
		// KeyStore.PasswordProtection password=new
		// KeyStore.PasswordProtection("123456".toCharArray());
		// outputKeyStore.setEntry("scriptx", pke, password);

		FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(filepath);

		outputKeyStore.store(out, pwd.toCharArray());

		out.close();
	}

	/**
	 * 颁布根证书,自己作为CA
	 * 
	 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
	 * @throws NoSuchProviderException
	 * @throws InvalidKeyException
	 * @throws IOException
	 * @throws CertificateException
	 * @throws SignatureException
	 * @throws UnrecoverableKeyException
	 */
	public void createRootCA() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
			NoSuchProviderException, InvalidKeyException, IOException,
			CertificateException, SignatureException, UnrecoverableKeyException {

		// 参数分别为公钥算法、签名算法 providername(因为不知道确切的 只好使用null 既使用默认的provider)
		// Generate a pair of keys, and provide access to them.
		CertAndKeyGen cak = new CertAndKeyGen("RSA", "MD5WithRSA", null);

		// Sets the source of random numbers used when generating keys.
		cak.setRandom(sr);

		// Generates a random public/private key pair, with a given key size.
		cak.generate(1024);

		// Constructs a name from a conventionally formatted string, such as
		// "CN=Dave, OU=JavaSoft, O=Sun Microsystems, C=US". (RFC 1779 or RFC
		// 2253 style)
		X500Name subject = new X500Name(
				"CN=RootCA,OU=hackwp,O=wp,L=BJ,S=BJ,C=CN");

		// Returns a self-signed X.509v3 certificate for the public key. The
		// certificate is immediately valid. No extensions.
		// Such certificates normally are used to identify a "Certificate
		// Authority" (CA). Accordingly, they will not always be accepted by
		// other parties. However, such certificates are also useful when you
		// are bootstrapping your security infrastructure, or deploying system
		// prototypes.自签名的根证书
		X509Certificate certificate = cak.getSelfCertificate(subject,
				new Date(), 3650 * 24L * 60L * 60L);

		X509Certificate[] certs = { certificate };

		try {

			savePfx("RootCA", cak.getPrivateKey(), "123456", certs,
					"f:\\RootCa.pfx");

		} catch (Exception e) {

			e.printStackTrace();

		}

		// 后一个long型参数代表从现在开始的有效期 单位为秒(如果不想从现在开始算 可以在后面改这个域)
		BASE64Encoder base64 = new BASE64Encoder();

		FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(new File("f:\\RootCa.crt"));

		// fos.write(certificate.getEncoded());

		// 生成(保存)cert文件 base64加密 当然也可以不加密
		base64.encodeBuffer(certificate.getEncoded(), fos);

		fos.close();

	}

	public void signCert() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException,
			CertificateException, IOException, UnrecoverableKeyException,
			InvalidKeyException, NoSuchProviderException, SignatureException {

		try {

			KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("pkcs12");

			FileInputStream ksfis = new FileInputStream("f:\\RootCa.pfx");

			char[] storePwd = "123456".toCharArray();

			char[] keyPwd = "123456".toCharArray();

			// 从给定输入流中加载此 KeyStore。
			ks.load(ksfis, storePwd);

			ksfis.close();

			// 返回与给定别名关联的密钥(私钥),并用给定密码来恢复它。必须已经通过调用 setKeyEntry,或者以
			// PrivateKeyEntry
			// 或 SecretKeyEntry 为参数的 setEntry 关联密钥与别名。
			PrivateKey privK = (PrivateKey) ks.getKey("RootCA", keyPwd);

			// 返回与给定别名关联的证书。如果给定的别名标识通过调用 setCertificateEntry 创建的条目,或者通过调用以
			// TrustedCertificateEntry 为参数的 setEntry
			// 创建的条目,则返回包含在该条目中的可信证书。如果给定的别名标识通过调用 setKeyEntry 创建的条目,或者通过调用以
			// PrivateKeyEntry 为参数的 setEntry 创建的条目,则返回该条目中证书链的第一个元素。
			X509Certificate certificate = (X509Certificate) ks
					.getCertificate("RootCA");

			createCert(certificate, privK, genKey());

		} catch (KeyStoreException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	public KeyPair genKey() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {

		KeyPairGenerator kpg = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");

		kpg.initialize(1024, sr);

		System.out.print(kpg.getAlgorithm());

		KeyPair kp = kpg.generateKeyPair();

		return kp;
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		try {

			GenX509Cert gcert = new GenX509Cert();

			gcert.createRootCA();

			gcert.signCert();

		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}


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