VS2010连接SQL Server 2008并执行查询操作

VS2010连接SQL Server 2008并执行查询操作

VS2010连接SQL Server 2008并执行查询操作

先在SQL Server 2008中建一个Student数据库,含有一个表student,4个字段,分别为姓名(varchar)学号(varchar)性别(varchar)年龄(int),并指定一个用户登录该数据库,用户名为cam,密码为123456,注意要修改cam用户的权限


新建控制台应用程序,连接数据库,输出student表中的所有字段,并执行插入删除操作

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
namespace 连接数据库
{
    class Program
    {
        public static int Insert(string name, string pwd,string sex,int age)
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Student;Integrated Security=True");//Initial Catalog后面跟你数据库的名字
            conn.Open();
            string sql = "insert into student(姓名,学号,性别,年龄) values(@name,@pwd,@sex,@age)";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
            SqlParameter parn1 = new SqlParameter("@name", name);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn1);
            SqlParameter parn2 = new SqlParameter("@pwd", pwd);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn2);
            SqlParameter parn3 = new SqlParameter("@sex", sex);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn3);
            SqlParameter parn4 = new SqlParameter("@age", age);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn4);
            int result = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();//result接收受影响行数,也就是说result大于0的话表示添加成功
            conn.Close();
            cmd.Dispose();
            return result;
        }
        public static int Update(string name)
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Student;Integrated Security=True");//Initial Catalog后面跟你数据库的名字
            conn.Open();
            string sql = "delete from student where 姓名=@name";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
            SqlParameter parn = new SqlParameter("@name",name);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn);
            int result = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();//result接收受影响行数,也就是说result大于0的话表示删除成功
            conn.Close();
            cmd.Dispose();
            return result;
        }
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //指定Sql Server提供者的连接字符串
            string connString = "server=CAMBRIDGE-PC;database =Student;uid=cam;pwd=123456";
            //建立连接对象
            SqlConnection Sqlconn = new SqlConnection(connString);
            //打开连接
            Sqlconn.Open();
            //为上面的连接指定Command对象
            SqlCommand thiscommand = Sqlconn.CreateCommand();
            thiscommand.CommandText = "select 姓名,学号,性别,年龄 from student";
            //为指定的command对象执行DataReader
            SqlDataReader thisSqlDataReader = thiscommand.ExecuteReader();
            while (thisSqlDataReader.Read())
            {
                Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2} {3}", thisSqlDataReader["姓名"], thisSqlDataReader["学号"], thisSqlDataReader["性别"], thisSqlDataReader["年龄"]);
            }
            //关闭读取
            thisSqlDataReader.Close();
            int result = Insert("关羽", "E01014307", "男", 25);
            Console.WriteLine("影响的行数为:{0}", result);
            result = Update("关羽");
            Console.WriteLine("影响的行数为:{0}", result);
            //关闭连接
            Sqlconn.Close();
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

建Windows窗体应用程序也可以,在Form窗体中拖一个DataGridView控件,插入一个学生的信息,在DataGridView控件中显示所有学生的信息

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
namespace cam
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
        public static int Insert(string name, string pwd, string sex, int age)
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Student;Integrated Security=True");//Initial Catalog后面跟你数据库的名字
            conn.Open();
            string sql = "insert into student(姓名,学号,性别,年龄) values(@name,@pwd,@sex,@age)";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
            SqlParameter parn1 = new SqlParameter("@name", name);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn1);
            SqlParameter parn2 = new SqlParameter("@pwd", pwd);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn2);
            SqlParameter parn3 = new SqlParameter("@sex", sex);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn3);
            SqlParameter parn4 = new SqlParameter("@age", age);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn4);
            int result = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();//result接收受影响行数,也就是说result大于0的话表示添加成功
            conn.Close();
            cmd.Dispose();
            return result;
        }
        public static int Update(string name)
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Student;Integrated Security=True");//Initial Catalog后面跟你数据库的名字
            conn.Open();
            string sql = "delete from student where 姓名=@name";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
            SqlParameter parn = new SqlParameter("@name", name);
            cmd.Parameters.Add(parn);
            int result = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();//result接收受影响行数,也就是说result大于0的话表示删除成功
            conn.Close();
            cmd.Dispose();
            return result;
        }
        public DataTable sel()
        {
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection("Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Student;Integrated Security=True");//Initial Catalog后面跟你数据库的名字,如果你的SqlServer服务器名称后面不带SQLEXPRESS,那么Data Source=.
            conn.Open();
            string sql = "select * from student";
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
            SqlDataAdapter sda = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();
            sda.Fill(dt);
            conn.Close();
            cmd.Dispose();
            return dt;
        } 
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            Insert("关羽", "E01014307", "男", 25);
            dataGridView1.DataSource = sel();
        }
    }
}

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VS2010连接SQL Server 2008操作与编程

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