MFC中对话框的常用集锦

MFC 专栏收录该内容
18 篇文章 0 订阅

1. 在任务栏隐藏对话框


目录


1. 在任务栏隐藏对话框

2. 使对话框为顶层窗口

3. 在运行时添加最大化,最小化按钮

4. 使能对话框右上角关闭按钮

5. 当对话框一部分在屏幕外时,显示全部对话框

6. 改变鼠标外形

7. 改变对话框背景色和文本颜色

8. 改变对话框caption上的图标

9. 在主对话框显示前,显示一个login对话框

10. 在对话框中添加工具栏

11.响应对话框的最大化、最小化、关闭、恢复事件

12.代码实现窗口最小化,最大化,关闭

13.按下ESC和ENTER键时禁止关闭对话框

14.在对话框中处理键盘鼠标消息

15.对话框启动即隐藏

17.单击窗口任意位置都可拖动窗口

18.用Enter键替换Tab键实现焦点切换

20.对话框全屏

21.控制对话框最大最小尺寸

22. 创建无模式对话框

23.在对话框中改变菜单项状态(enable/disable, check/uncheck, change text)

24. 按下F1出现帮助

25. 对话框初始化设置输入焦点的问题

26. 在对话框间传递数据

27. 在 dlg1 中打开 dlg2 时,dlg2 能修改 dlg1 中的成员变量

28. 改变对话框字体,对话框大小改变的问题

29. 进行大数据量计算的时候,导致界面挂起无响应的问题

30. 工程资源的合并

31. 在网上可以找到很多有用的代码,我只是把一些常用的功能列出链接,方便查看


 1.


      ModifyStyleEx(WS_EX_APPWINDOW, WS_EX_TOOLWINDOW);


2. 使对话框为顶层窗口


        SetWindowPos(&this->wndTopMost, 0, 0, 0, 0, SWP_NOMOVE|SWP_NOSIZE);


3. 在运行时添加最大化,最小化按钮


    SetWindowLong(this->m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE,

                  GetWindowLong(this->m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE) |

                  WS_MINIMIZEBOX | WS_MAXIMIZEBOX); 

     UpdateWindow();



4. 使能对话框右上角关闭按钮



    在OnInitDialog中


    方法一:

       CMenu* menu = GetSystemMenu(FALSE);

       menu->ModifyMenu(SC_CLOSE, MF_BYCOMMAND | MF_GRAYED );


    方法二:

       CMenu* menu = GetSystemMenu(FALSE);

       menu->EnableMenuItem(SC_CLOSE, MF_BYCOMMAND | MF_GRAYED);


5. 当对话框一部分在屏幕外时,显示全部对话框


    SendMessage(DM_REPOSITION);


6. 改变鼠标外形



    添加 WM_SETCURSOR 消息映射函数


    BOOL CTest6Dlg::OnSetCursor(CWnd* pWnd, UINT nHitTest, UINT message)

    {

         SetCursor(AfxGetApp()->LoadStandardCursor(IDC_HELP));


         return 0;  

    }


7. 改变对话框背景色和文本颜色



    在CTest6App的InitInstance中添加


    SetDialogBkColor(RGB(255,0,0), RGB(0,255,0));


8. 改变对话框caption上的图标



    导入自己的图标资源到工程中,把原来ID为 IDR_MAINFRAME 的资源删除,把新的图标的ID命名为IDR_MAINFRAME


9. 在主对话框显示前,显示一个login对话框


     BOOL CTest6App::InitInstance()

     {

          //...

          int nResponse;

          CLoginDlg loginDlg;


          nResponse = loginDlg.DoModal();

          if (nResponse == IDOK)

          {

          }

          if (nResponse == IDCANCEL)

          {

               return FALSE;

          }

  

          CTest6Dlg dlg;

          m_pMainWnd = &dlg;

          int nResponse = dlg.DoModal();

          if (nResponse == IDOK )

          {

          }

          else if (nResponse == IDCANCEL)

          {

          }

          return FALSE;

     }


然后重载CLoginDlg对话框的哦OnOK(),在其中判断条件

void CLoginDlg::OnOK() 

{

     if (条件满足)

        CDialog::OnOK();

     else 

        AfxMessageBox(_T("invalid password!"));

}



10. 在对话框中添加工具栏


    方法一:添加以下代码到 OnInitDialog 中

 

     if ( !m_wndToolBar.Create(this) || !m_wndToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDR_TOOLBAR1) )

     {

          TRACE0("Failed to Create Dialog Toolbar\n");

          EndDialog(IDCANCEL);

     }


     CRect rcClientOld; // 久客户区RECT

     CRect rcClientNew; // 加入TOOLBAR后的CLIENT RECT

     GetClientRect(rcClientOld); //

     // Called to reposition and resize control bars in the client area of a window

     // The reposQuery FLAG does not really traw the Toolbar.  It only does the calculations.

     // And puts the new ClientRect values in rcClientNew so we can do the rest of the Math.

     //重新计算RECT大小

     RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST,

                       AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST,

                       0,

                       reposQuery,

                       rcClientNew);


    // All of the Child Windows (Controls) now need to be moved so the Tollbar does not cover them up.

     //所有的子窗口将被移动,以免被TOOLBAR覆盖

     // Offest to move all child controls after adding Tollbar

     //计算移动的距离

     CPoint ptOffset(rcClientNew.left-rcClientOld.left,

       rcClientNew.top-rcClientOld.top);


     CRect rcChild;

     CWnd* pwndChild = GetWindow(GW_CHILD);  //得到子窗口

     while(pwndChild) // 处理所有子窗口

     {

          //移动所有子窗口

         pwndChild->GetWindowRect(rcChild);

          ScreenToClient(rcChild);

          rcChild.OffsetRect(ptOffset);

          pwndChild->MoveWindow(rcChild,FALSE);

          pwndChild = pwndChild->GetNextWindow();

     }


     CRect rcWindow;

     GetWindowRect(rcWindow); // 得到对话框RECT

     rcWindow.right += rcClientOld.Width() - rcClientNew.Width(); // 修改对话框尺寸

     rcWindow.bottom += rcClientOld.Height() - rcClientNew.Height();

     MoveWindow(rcWindow,FALSE); // Redraw Window

RepositionBars(AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST,AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST,0);


    方法二:


    http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/dlgtoolstatusbar.asp


11.响应对话框的最大化、最小化、关闭、恢复事件


     方法一:添加 WM_SYSCOMMAND 消息映射函数


     void CTest6Dlg::OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM lParam)

     {

          if ( (nID & 0xFFF0) == IDM_ABOUTBOX )

          {

               CAboutDlg dlgAbout;

               dlgAbout.DoModal();

      }

     else

     {

          if ( nID == SC_MAXIMIZE )

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("最大化"));

          }

          else if ( nID == SC_MINIMIZE )  

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("最小化"));

          }

          else if ( nID == SC_CLOSE )

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("关闭"));

          }


          CDialog::OnSysCommand(nID, lParam);

    }


     方法二:添加 WM_SIZE 消息映射函数


     void CTest6Dlg::OnSize(UINT nType, int cx, int cy)

     {

          CDialog::OnSize(nType, cx, cy);


          if ( nType == SIZE_MAXIMIZED )

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("最大化"));

          }

          else if ( nType == SIZE_MINIMIZED )

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("最小化"));

          }  

          else if ( nType == SIZE_RESTORED )

          {

               AfxMessageBox(_T("恢复"));

          }

     }


12.代码实现窗口最小化,最大化,关闭


PostMessage(WM_SYSCOMMAND,  SC_MINIMIZE);

PostMessage(WM_SYSCOMMAND,  SC_MAXIMIZE);

PostMessage(WM_SYSCOMMAND,  SC_CLOSE);


13.按下ESC和ENTER键时禁止关闭对话框


    方法一:


     (1) 重载OnCancel和OnOk,屏蔽其中的CDialog::OnCancel()和CDialog::OnOk();

     (2) 添加以下代码 

     void CTest6Dlg::OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM lParam)

     {

         if ((nID & 0xFFF0) == IDM_ABOUTBOX)

          {

             CAboutDlg dlgAbout;   //if you have an about dialog

              dlgAbout.DoModal();

          }

          else if ((nID & 0xFFF0) == SC_CLOSE)

          {

              //用户点击右上角"X"

              EndDialog(IDOK);  

       

          }

          else

          {

              CDialog::OnSysCommand(nID, lParam);

          }

     }


    方法二:


     BOOL CTest6Dlg::PreTranslateMessage(MSG* pMsg)

     {

          if ( pMsg->message == WM_KEYDOWN )

          {

               switch(pMsg->wParam)

               {

               case VK_ESCAPE:

                return TRUE; //直接返回TRUE

                break;

               case VK_RETURN:

                return TRUE;

                break;

               }

          }

          return CDialog::PreTranslateMessage(pMsg);

     }


     方法三:

         Q122489:

         How to Disable Default Pushbutton Handling for MFC Dialog

         http://support.microsoft.com/kb/122489/en-us


14.在对话框中处理键盘鼠标消息


处理PreTranslateMessage消息


以下代码示例只演示了键盘WM_KEYDOWN消息,你也可以处理鼠标消息,比如WM_LBUTTONDOWN,WM_LBUTTONUP,WM_RBUTTONDOWN等。


BOOL CTest6Dlg::PreTranslateMessage(MSG* pMsg)  

   

     

     

    if ( pMsg->message == WM_KEYDOWN ) 

    {         

        switch( pMsg->wParam ) 

        { 

        case VK_RETURN: 

            CEdit *pEdit = (CEdit*)m_combo1.GetWindow(GW_CHILD); 

            if(pMsg->hwnd == pEdit->m_hWnd ) 

            {  

                 AfxMessageBox("在combobox的edit中按下了Enter!"); 

            }             

            return TRUE; 

        } 

    } 

 

     

     

   

    if( pMsg->message == WM_SYSKEYDOWN ) 

    {    

        switch( pMsg->wParam ) 

        { 

        case VK_F1:     

            if(::GetKeyState(VK_MENU) < 0)//ALT+F1

            { 

                AfxMessageBox("按下了ALT+F1"); 

                return TRUE; 

            }             

        }         

    } 

    

     

     

     

    if( pMsg->message == WM_KEYDOWN ) 

    {    

        if(pMsg->hwnd == GetDlgItem(IDC_LIST1)->m_hWnd) 

        { 

            switch( pMsg->wParam ) 

            { 

            case 65://A     

              if(::GetKeyState(VK_CONTROL) < 0)//Shift+enter 

              { 

                    for(int i=0; i<m_list.GetItemCount(); i++) 

                    { 

                        m_list.SetItemState(i, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED, 

                                           LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED); 

                    } 

              } 

              return TRUE; 

            } 

        } 

    }  

 

     

     

         

    if(pMsg->message == WM_RBUTTONDOWN) 

    { 

        CEdit *pEdit = (CEdit*)m_combo1.GetWindow(GW_CHILD); 

        if(pMsg->hwnd == pEdit->m_hWnd) 

        { 

            DWORD dwPos = GetMessagePos(); 

            CPoint point( LOWORD(dwPos), HIWORD(dwPos) ); 

            ScreenToClient(&point); 

            ClientToScreen(&point); 

             

            CMenu menu; 

            VERIFY( menu.LoadMenu( IDR_MENU1 ) ); 

            CMenu* popup = menu.GetSubMenu(0); 

            ASSERT( popup != NULL ); 

            popup->TrackPopupMenu(TPM_LEFTALIGN | TPM_RIGHTBUTTON, point.x, point.y, this ); 

        }         

    } 

 

    return CDialog::PreTranslateMessage(pMsg); 

}


15.对话框启动即隐藏


    添加 WM_SHOWWINDOW 的消息映射


     void CTest6Dlg::OnShowWindow(BOOL bShow, UINT nStatus)

     {

          if ( GetStyle() & WS_VISIBLE )

          {

               CDialog::OnShowWindow(bShow, nStatus);

          }

          else

          {

               long Style = ::GetWindowLong(*this, GWL_STYLE);

               ::SetWindowLong(*this, GWL_STYLE, Style | WS_VISIBLE);

               CDialog::OnShowWindow(SW_HIDE, nStatus);

          }

     }


16.对话框自动停靠在屏幕边


    const int DETASTEP = 50;

     BOOL AdjustPos(CWnd *pWnd, CRect* lpRect)

     {

        //自动靠边

        int iSX = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXFULLSCREEN);

        int iSY = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYFULLSCREEN);

        RECT rWorkArea;

        BOOL bResult = SystemParametersInfo(SPI_GETWORKAREA, sizeof(RECT), &rWorkArea, 0);


        CRect rcWA;

        if ( !bResult )

        {

            //如果调用不成功就利用GetSystemMetrics获取屏幕面积

            rcWA = CRect(0,0,iSX,iSY);

        }

        else

            rcWA = rWorkArea;


        int iX = lpRect->left;

        int iY = lpRect->top;

        if ( iX < rcWA.left + DETASTEP && iX!=rcWA.left )

        {

            //调整左

            pWnd->SetWindowPos(NULL,rcWA.left,iY,0,0,SWP_NOSIZE);

            lpRect->OffsetRect(rcWA.left-iX,0);

            AdjustPos(lpRect);

            return TRUE;

        }

        if ( iY < rcWA.top + DETASTEP && iY!=rcWA.top )

        {

            //调整上

            pWnd->SetWindowPos(NULL ,iX,rcWA.top,0,0,SWP_NOSIZE);

            lpRect->OffsetRect(0,rcWA.top-iY);

            AdjustPos(lpRect);

            return TRUE;

        }

        if ( iX + lpRect->Width() > rcWA.right - DETASTEP && iX !=rcWA.right-lpRect->Width() )

        {

            //调整右

            pWnd->SetWindowPos(NULL ,rcWA.right-rcW.Width(),iY,0,0,SWP_NOSIZE);

            lpRect->OffsetRect(rcWA.right-lpRect->right,0);

            AdjustPos(lpRect);

            return TRUE;

        }

        if ( iY + lpRect->Height() > rcWA.bottom - DETASTEP && iY !=rcWA.bottom-lpRect->Height() )

        {

            //调整下

            pWnd->SetWindowPos(NULL ,iX,rcWA.bottom-rcW.Height(),0,0,SWP_NOSIZE);

            lpRect->OffsetRect(0,rcWA.bottom-lpRect->bottom);

            return TRUE;

        }

        return FALSE;

    }

    //然后在ONMOVEING事件中使用如下过程调用

    CRect r=*pRect;

    AdjustPos(this, &r);

    *pRect=(RECT)r;


17.单击窗口任意位置都可拖动窗口


 方法一:


     添加 WM_LBUTTONDOWN 的消息映射

     void CTest6Dlg::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)

     {

          PostMessage(WM_NCLBUTTONDOWN, HTCAPTION, 0);


          CDialog::OnLButtonDown(nFlags, point);

     }


    方法二:

    添加 WM_NCHITTEST 的消息映射

    注意:在classwizard->message中找不到WM_NCHITTEST的,需要在选项卡class info->message filter中选择window后该消息才会出现在message中。

      void CTest6Dlg::OnNCHitTest(CPoint point)

     {

            return HTCAPTION;

      //    return CDialog::OnNCHitTest(point);

     }


     或者参考

       http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/02/12/CQA/default.aspx


18.用Enter键替换Tab键实现焦点切换


     BOOL CTest6Dlg::PreTranslateMessage(MSG* pMsg)

     {

        if ( pMsg->message == WM_KEYDOWN )

          {

              if ( pMsg->wParam == VK_RETURN )

                   pMsg->wParam = VK_TAB;

          } 

          return CDialog::PreTranslateMessage(pMsg);

     


19.在对话框添加快捷键


     (1) 在CXXXApp中类中添加声明

        HACCEL m_haccel;

     (2) 在resource view中右键点击树的根目录,选择insert,添加一个新的Accelerator,默认ID为IDR_ACCELERATOR1。

         在其中添加相应菜单的快捷键。

     (3) 在BOOL CXXXApp::InitInstance()中添加代码

        m_haccel = LoadAccelerators(AfxGetInstanceHandle(), MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDR_ACCELERATOR1));

     (4) 添加CXXXApp类的 ProcessMessageFilter 消息映射函数

         BOOL CTest6App::ProcessMessageFilter(int code, LPMSG lpMsg)

         {

              if ( m_haccel )

              {

                  if ( ::TranslateAccelerator(m_pMainWnd->m_hWnd, m_haccel, lpMsg) )

                       return TRUE;

              }

              return CWinApp::ProcessMessageFilter(code, lpMsg);

         }


或者参考

Q100770:

How to use accelerator keys and a main menu on the dialog box in Visual C++

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/100770/en-us


Adding Hot Keys to your Application

http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/1200/c/default.aspx


20.对话框全屏


    int cx, cy;

    HDC dc = ::GetDC(NULL);

    cx = GetDeviceCaps(dc,HORZRES) + GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXBORDER);

    cy = GetDeviceCaps(dc,VERTRES) + GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYBORDER);

    ::ReleaseDC(0,dc);


    // Remove caption and border

    SetWindowLong(m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE,

                    GetWindowLong(m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE) & (~(WS_CAPTION | WS_BORDER)));


    // Put window on top and expand it to fill screen

    ::SetWindowPos(m_hWnd, HWND_TOPMOST,

          -(GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXBORDER)+1),

          -(GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYBORDER)+1),

          cx+1,cy+1, SWP_NOZORDER);

    或参考

        http://www.codeguru.com/cpp/w-d/dislog/dialog-basedapplications/article.php/c1837/


21.控制对话框最大最小尺寸


    (1) 对话框的属性的必须是resizing的

    (2) 打开classwizard->class info标签页->message filter中选择window

    (3) 添加 WM_GETMINMAXINFO 消息映射

        void CTest6Dlg::OnGetMinMaxInfo(MINMAXINFO *lpMMI)

        {

             lpMMI->ptMinTrackSize = CPoint(200, 200);

        }


22. 创建无模式对话框


Creating a Modeless Dialog Box with MFC Libraries

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/103788/EN-US/


Visual C++ MFC Samples      

MODELESS Sample: Uses a CDialog Object as a Modeless Dialog Box

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vcsample/html/_sample_mfc_MODELESS.asp


23.在对话框中改变菜单项状态(enable/disable, check/uncheck, change text)


You cannot change the state of a menu item from its command user-interface handler if the menu is attached to a dialog box in Visual C++

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/242577/en-us


24. 按下F1出现帮助



Context-Sensitive Help in a CDialog Object

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/141724/en-us


msdn中的介绍

http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dyd1yfww.aspx


或者如果你要屏蔽按下F1后出现的“找不到*.hlp文件”的提示对话框

添加 WM_HELPINFO 消息映射

BOOL CTest6Dlg::OnHelpInfo(HELPINFO* pHelpInfo) 

{

     return TRUE;

    //return CDialog::OnHelpInfo(pHelpInfo);//屏蔽该句

}



25. 对话框初始化设置输入焦点的问题


默认情况下,对话框初始化显示的焦点按照在对话框编辑期间设置的tab order的第一个控件来设置的。(设置tab order可在对话框的resource view中用Ctrl+D显示出来,点鼠标进行顺序设置)。如果想人为的改变初始化时的输入焦点,可在对话框的OnInitDialog中把return  TRUE; 改为 return  FALSE;



MSDN上的解释如下:


Return Value


Specifies whether the application has set the input focus to one of the controls in the dialog box. If OnInitDialog returns nonzero, Windows sets the input focus to the first control in the dialog box. The application can return 0 only if it has explicitly set the input focus to one of the controls in the dialog box.


26. 在对话框间传递数据


CDlg1::OnButton1() 

      CDlg2 dlg2; 

      dlg2.m_str = _T("你好"; )

      dlg2.m_bJudge = TRUE; 

      dlg2.DoModal(); 

 

//Dlg2.h 

public: 

     CString m_str; 

     BOOL m_bJudge; 

 

 

//Dlg2.cpp 

CDlg2::OnInitDialog() 

    if (m_bJudge) 

        GetDlgItem(IDC_EDIT1)->SetWindowText(m_str); 


27. 在 dlg1 中打开 dlg2 时,dlg2 能修改 dlg1 中的成员变量


//dlg1.cpp

    #include "dlg2.h"

    CDlg1::OnButton1()

    {

          CDlg2 dlg2;

          dlg2.m_pDlg1 = this;

          dlg2.DoModal();

    }


//dlg2.h

class CDlg1;//添加dlg1类的声明

class CDlg2 : public CDialog

{

...

public:

    CDlg1 *m_pDlg1;

}


//dlg2.cpp

#include "dlg1.h"


至此,你可以在dlg2.cpp中通过m_pDlg1操作CDlg1类中的成员变量了。


28. 改变对话框字体,对话框大小改变的问题


How to calculate dialog box units based on the current font in Visual C++


http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q145994/



How To Calculate Dialog Base Units with Non-System-Based Font

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/125681/en-us 


29. 进行大数据量计算的时候,导致界面挂起无响应的问题


    当在程序中需要进行大数据量计算的时候(比如搜索磁盘,大数据量传输等),由于这些计算过程是在界面线程(UI Process)中,由此引发了界面线程的消息阻塞。我们创建一个工作线程(worker thread)来处理计算过程,以解决该问题。

下面是一个简单的创建一个工作线程的实现:

//xxxdlg.h

static UINT MyThread(LPVOID pParam);

CWinThread* pMyThread;


//xxxdlg.cpp

CXXXDlg::OnButton1()

{

     pMyThread = AfxBeginThread(MyThread, this);

     pMyThread = NULL;

}


UINT CXXXDlg::MyThread(LPVOID pParam)

{

     CXXXDlg *pDlg = (CXXXDlg *)pParam;


     //这里添加计算过程


     return 0;

}


30. 工程资源的合并


以把B对话框的资源插入到A对话框为例:


(1) 生成一个*.ogx文件

    打开B工程,在ClassView中鼠标右键点击所需的对话框类,单击"Add to Gallery"。

    这时,会在 " C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio\Common\MSDev98\Gallery\工程B " 的目录下产生一个ogx文件。


(2) 插入该*.ogx文件

    打开A工程,选择菜单Project->Add To Project->components and controls... ,选择刚生成的ogx文件,然后Insert。


这时B对话框资源和对话框类就插入到A中了。。


31. 在网上可以找到很多有用的代码,我只是把一些常用的功能列出链接,方便查看


http://support.microsoft.com               

http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/

http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/W-D/dislog/



改变对话框大小时同时改变控件大小


http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/easysize.asp

http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/resizabledialog.asp

http://www.vchelp.net/vchelp/archive.asp?type_id=5&class_id=1&cata_id=1&article_id=548&search_term=

http://www.vchelp.net/vchelp/archive.asp?type_id=5&class_id=1&cata_id=1&article_id=538&search_term=


如何在可变大小(resizing)的对话框中实现滚动窗口


Q262954:

How to create a resizeable dialog box with scroll bars in Visual C++

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;262954

http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/scrollablechilddialog.asp


从某一点或某一边逐渐变大显示对话框


http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/canidialog.asp


一个重载的MessageBox类


http://www.codeproject.com/dialog/xmessagebox.asp

  • 0
    点赞
  • 0
    评论
  • 4
    收藏
  • 一键三连
    一键三连
  • 扫一扫,分享海报

©️2021 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页
实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值