教你用Python画了一棵圣诞树

分享给大家一篇文章,教你怎样用Python画了一棵圣诞树,快来学习。

如何用Python画一个圣诞树呢?

最简单:

height = 5
​
stars = 1
for i in range(height):
    print((' ' * (height - i)) + ('*' * stars))
    stars += 2
print((' ' * height) + '|')

效果:

哈哈哈哈,总有一种骗了大家的感觉。

其实本文是想介绍Turtle库来画圣诞树。

import turtle
​
screen = turtle.Screen()
screen.setup(375, 700)
 
​
circle = turtle.Turtle()
circle.shape('circle')
circle.color('red')
circle.speed('fastest')
circle.up()
​
square = turtle.Turtle()
square.shape('square')
square.color('green')
square.speed('fastest')
square.up()
​
circle.goto(0, 280)
circle.stamp()
​
k = 0
for i in range(1, 13):
    y = 30 * i
    for j in range(i - k):
        x = 30 * j
        square.goto(x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
        square.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
​
    if i % 4 == 0:
        x = 30 * (j + 1)
        circle.color('red')
        circle.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        circle.goto(x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        k += 3
​
    if i % 4 == 3:
        x = 30 * (j + 1)
        circle.color('yellow')
        circle.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
        circle.goto(x, -y + 280)
        circle.stamp()
​
square.color('brown')
for i in range(13, 17):
    y = 30 * i
    for j in range(2):
        x = 30 * j
        square.goto(x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()
        square.goto(-x, -y + 280)
        square.stamp()

效果:

方法二:

import turtle
​
​
# 定义圣诞树的绿叶函数
def tree(d, s):
    if d <= 0:
        return
    turtle.forward(s)
    tree(d - 1, s * .8)
    turtle.right(120)
    tree(d - 3, s * .5)
    turtle.right(120)
    tree(d - 3, s * .5)
    turtle.right(120)
    turtle.backward(s)
​
​
n = 100
""" 设置绘图速度
'fastest' :  0
'fast'    :  10
'normal'  :  6
'slow'    :  3
'slowest' :  1
"""
turtle.speed('fastest') # 设置速度
​
turtle.left(90)
turtle.forward(3 * n)
turtle.color("orange", "yellow")
turtle.left(126)
​
​
# turtle.begin_fill()
for i in range(5):
    turtle.forward(n / 5)
    turtle.right(144)
    turtle.forward(n / 5)
    turtle.left(72)
    turtle.end_fill()
turtle.right(126)
turtle.color("dark green")
turtle.backward(n * 4.8)
​
# 执行函数
tree(15, n)
turtle.backward(n / 5)

效果:

 

 

 

IT入门 感谢关注

 

 

程序员题库→

程序员用的单词表→

练习地址:www.520mg.com/it

 

 

已标记关键词 清除标记
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 编程工作室 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页